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Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) with Exact Online Data Entities in Java

Object-relational mapping (ORM) techniques make it easier to work with relational data sources and can bridge your logical business model with your physical storage model. Follow this tutorial to integrate connectivity to Exact Online data into a Java-based ORM framework, Hibernate.

You can use Hibernate to map object-oriented domain models to a traditional relational database. The tutorial below shows how to use the CData JDBC Driver for Exact Online to generate an ORM of your Exact Online repository with Hibernate.

Though Eclipse is the IDE of choice for this article, the CData JDBC Driver for Exact Online works in any product that supports the Java Runtime Environment. In the Knowledge Base you will find tutorials to connect to Exact Online data from IntelliJ IDEA and NetBeans.

Install Hibernate

Follow the steps below to install the Hibernate plug-in in Eclipse.

  1. In Eclipse, navigate to Help -> Install New Software.
  2. Enter "http://download.jboss.org/jbosstools/updates/stable/" in the Work With box.
  3. Enter "Hibernate" into the filter box.
  4. Select Hibernate Tools.

Start A New Project

Follow the steps below to add the driver JARs in a new project.

  1. Create a new project. Select Java Project as your project type and click Next. Enter a project name and click Finish.
  2. Right-click the project and click Properties. Click Java Build Path and then open the Libraries tab.
  3. Click Add External JARs to add the cdata.jdbc.exactonline.jar library, located in the lib subfolder of the installation directory.

Add a Hibernate Configuration File

Follow the steps below to configure connection properties to Exact Online data.

  1. Right-click on the new project and select New -> Hibernate -> Hibernate Configuration File (cfg.xml).
  2. Select src as the parent folder and click Next.
  3. Input the following values:

    • Database dialect: SQL Server
    • Driver class: cdata.jdbc.exactonline.ExactOnlineDriver
    • Connection URL: A JDBC URL, starting with jdbc:exactonline: and followed by a semicolon-separated list of connection properties.

      Exact Online はOAuth 認証標準を使用します。InitiateOAuth 接続プロパティはOAuth フローを容易にします。デフォルトではGETANDREFRESH です。埋め込みクレデンシャルを使用する、またはExact にOAuth アプリを登録して独自のクレデンシャルを取得することもできます。 OAuth 値に加え、Region を指定します。Division が設定されない場合は、デフォルトのDivision が使用されます。

      詳しくは、ヘルプドキュメントの「はじめに」を参照してください。

      A typical JDBC URL is below:

      jdbc:exactonline:Region='United States';Division=5512;

Connect Hibernate to Exact Online Data

Follow the steps below to select the configuration you created in the previous step.

  1. Switch to the Hibernate Configurations perspective: Window -> Open Perspective -> Hibernate.
  2. Right-click on the Hibernate Configurations panel and click Add Configuration.
  3. Click the Browse button and select the project.
  4. For the Configuration file field, click Setup -> Use Existing and select the location of the hibernate.cfg.xml file (inside src folder in this demo).
  5. Expand the Database node of the newly created Hibernate configurations file.

Reverse Engineer Exact Online Data

Follow the steps below to generate the reveng.xml configuration file. You will specify the tables you want to access as objects.

  1. Switch back to the Package Explorer.
  2. Right-click your project, select New -> Hibernate -> Hibernate Reverse Engineering File (reveng.xml). Click Next.
  3. Select src as the parent folder and click Next.
  4. In the Console configuration drop-down menu, select the Hibernate configuration file you created above and click Refresh.
  5. Expand the node and choose the tables you want to reverse engineer. Click Finish when you are done.

Configure Hibernate to Run

Follow the steps below to generate plain old Java objects (POJO) for the Exact Online tables.

  1. From the menu bar, click Run -> Hibernate Code Generation -> Hibernate Code Generation Configurations.
  2. In the Console configuration drop-down menu, select the Hibernate configuration file you created in the previous section. Click Browse by Output directory and select src.
  3. Enable the Reverse Engineer from JDBC Connection checkbox. Click the Setup button, click Use Existing, and select the location of the hibernate.reveng.xml file (inside src folder in this demo).
  4. In the Exporters tab, check Domain code (.java) and Hibernate XML Mappings (hbm.xml).
  5. Click Run.

One or more POJOs are created based on the reverse-engineering setting in the previous step.

Insert Mapping Tags

For each mapping you have generated, you will need to create a mapping tag in hibernate.cfg.xml to point Hibernate to your mapping resource. Open hibernate.cfg.xml and insert the mapping tags as so:

cdata.exactonline.ExactOnlineDriver jdbc:exactonline:Region='United States';Division=5512; org.hibernate.dialect.SQLServerDialect

Execute CRUD Commands

Using the entity you created from the last step, you can now perform CRUD commands. For example:

import java.util.*; import org.hibernate.*; import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration; public class App { public static void main(final String[] args) { Session session = new Configuration().configure().buildSessionFactory().openSession(); String SELECT = "FROM Accounts"; Query q = session.createQuery(SELECT); List resultList = (List) q.list(); for(Accounts s: resultList){ System.out.println(s.getName()); System.out.println(s.getCreditLinePurchase()); } } }
 
 
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