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Oracle Data Integrator ETL からGoogle Sheets データ連携

この記事では、Oracle Data Integratorを使用してGoogle Sheets data をデータウェアハウスに転送する方法を説明します。

Google Sheets への読み書きにJDBC 標準を使用して既存のスキルを活用します。 CData JDBC Driver for Google Sheets は、Oracle Data Integrator(ODI)などのETL ツールへの統合によって、リアルタイムのGoogle Sheets data をデータウェアハウス、ビジネスインテリジェンス、およびビッグデータテクノロジに連携します。

JDBC 接続を使用すると、ODI 内の他のデータベースと同じようにGoogle Sheets を使用できます。RDBMS やフラットファイルを使用する代わりに、ドライバーを使用してリアルタイムでGoogle Sheets API に直接連携できます。

ここでは、JDBC を利用したGoogle Sheets - Oracle のETL 連携を行います。Google Sheets エンティティのデータモデルをリバースエンジニアリングした後、マッピングを作成してだdata loading strategy を選択します。ドライバーはSQL-92 をサポートしているため、この最後の手順は組み込みSQL からSQL Loading を選択することで簡単に行えます。

ドライバーをインストール

To install the driver, copy the driver JAR and .lic file, located in the installation folder, into the ODI userlib directory:

On Unix: ~/.odi/oracledi/userlib On Windows: %APPDATA%\Roaming\odi\oracledi\userlib

Restart ODI to complete the installation.

モデルのリバースエンジニアリング

Reverse engineering the model retrieves metadata about the driver's relational view of Google Sheets data.After reverse engineering, you can query real-time Google Sheets data and create mappings based on Google Sheets tables.

  1. In ODI, connect to your repository and click New -> Model and Topology Objects.
  2. On the Model screen of the resulting dialog, enter the following information:
    • Name:Enter GoogleSheets.
    • Technology:Select Generic SQL.
    • Logical Schema:Enter GoogleSheets.
    • Context:Select Global.
  3. On the Data Server screen of the resulting dialog, enter the following information:
    • Name:Enter GoogleSheets.
    • Driver List:Select Oracle JDBC Driver.
    • Driver:Enter cdata.jdbc.googlesheets.GoogleSheetsDriver
    • URL:Enter the JDBC URL containing the connection string.

      You can connect to a spreadsheet by providing authentication to Google and then setting the Spreadsheet connection property to the name or feed link of the spreadsheet. If you want to view a list of information about the spreadsheets in your Google Drive, execute a query to the Spreadsheets view after you authenticate.

      ClientLogin (username/password authentication) has been officially deprecated since April 20, 2012 and is now no longer available. Instead, use the OAuth 2.0 authentication standard. To access Google APIs on behalf on individual users, you can use the embedded credentials or you can register your own OAuth app.

      OAuth also enables you to use a service account to connect on behalf of users in a Google Apps domain. To authenticate with a service account, you will need to register an application to obtain the OAuth JWT values.

      See the Getting Started chapter in the help documentation to connect to Google Sheets from different types of accounts: Google accounts, Google Apps accounts, and accounts using two-step verification.

      ビルトイン接続文字列デザイナー

      For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the Google Sheets JDBC Driver.Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

      java -jar cdata.jdbc.googlesheets.jar

      Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

      Below is a typical connection string:

      jdbc:googlesheets:Spreadsheet=MySheet;InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH
  4. On the Physical Schema screen, enter the following information:
    • Schema (Schema):Enter GoogleSheets.
    • Schema (Work Schema):Enter GoogleSheets.
  5. In the opened model click Reverse Engineer to retrieve the metadata for Google Sheets tables.

Google Sheets Data を編集して保存

After reverse engineering you can now work with Google Sheets data in ODI. To edit and save Google Sheets data, expand the Models accordion in the Designer navigator, right-click a table, and click Data.Click Refresh to pick up any changes to the data.Click Save Changes when you are finished making changes.

ETL プロジェクトを作成

Follow the steps below to create an ETL from Google Sheets.You will load Orders entities into the sample data warehouse included in the ODI Getting Started VM.

  1. Open SQL Developer and connect to your Oracle database.Right-click the node for your database in the Connections pane and click new SQL Worksheet.

    Alternatively you can use SQLPlus.From a command prompt enter the following:

    sqlplus / as sysdba
  2. Enter the following query to create a new target table in the sample data warehouse, which is in the ODI_DEMO schema.The following query defines a few columns that match the Orders table in Google Sheets: CREATE TABLE ODI_DEMO.TRG_ORDERS (ORDERPRICE NUMBER(20,0),Shipcountry VARCHAR2(255));
  3. In ODI expand the Models accordion in the Designer navigator and double-click the Sales Administration node in the ODI_DEMO folder.The model is opened in the Model Editor.
  4. Click Reverse Engineer.The TRG_ORDERS table is added to the model.
  5. Right-click the Mappings node in your project and click New Mapping.Enter a name for the mapping and clear the Create Empty Dataset option.The Mapping Editor is displayed.
  6. Drag the TRG_ORDERS table from the Sales Administration model onto the mapping.
  7. Drag the Orders table from the Google Sheets model onto the mapping.
  8. Click the source connector point and drag to the target connector point.The Attribute Matching dialog is displayed.For this example, use the default options.The target expressions are then displayed in the properties for the target columns.
  9. Open the Physical tab of the Mapping Editor and click ORDERS_AP in TARGET_GROUP.
  10. In the ORDERS_AP properties, select LKM SQL to SQL (Built-In) on the Loading Knowledge Module tab.

You can then run the mapping to load Google Sheets data into Oracle.

 
 
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