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JDBI からHive Data のデータアクセスオブジェクトを作成

JDBI でHive data 用のSQL オブジェクトAPIを作成する方法を概説します。

JDBI は、Fluent スタイルとSQL オブジェクトスタイルという2つの異なるスタイルAPI を公開する、Java 用のSQL コンビニエンスライブラリです。CData JDBC Driver for Hive は、Java アプリケーションとリアルタイムHive data のデータ連携を実現します。これらの技術を組み合わせることによって、Hive data へのシンプルなコードアクセスが可能になります。ここでは、基本的なDAO(Data Access Object )とそれに付随するHive data の読み書きのためのコードの作成について説明します。

Hive Customers Entity のDAO を作成

The interface below declares the desired behavior for the SQL object to create a single method for each SQL statement to be implemented.

public interface MyCustomersDAO { //insert new data into Hive @SqlUpdate("INSERT INTO Customers (Country, CompanyName) values (:country, :companyName)") void insert(@Bind("country") String country, @Bind("companyName") String companyName); //request specific data from Hive (String type is used for simplicity) @SqlQuery("SELECT CompanyName FROM Customers WHERE Country = :country") String findCompanyNameByCountry(@Bind("country") String country); /* * close with no args is used to close the connection */ void close(); }

Hive への接続を開く

Collect the necessary connection properties and construct the appropriate JDBC URL for connecting to Hive.

Set the Server, Port, TransportMode, and AuthScheme connection properties to connect to Hive.

ビルトイン接続文字列デザイナー

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the Hive JDBC Driver.Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.apachehive.jar

Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

A connection string for Hive will typically look like the following:

jdbc:apachehive:Server=127.0.0.1;Port=10000;TransportMode=BINARY;

Use the configured JDBC URL to obtain an instance of the DAO interface.The particular method shown below will open a handle bound to the instance, so the instance needs to be closed explicitly to release the handle and the bound JDBC connection.

DBI dbi = new DBI("jdbc:apachehive:Server=127.0.0.1;Port=10000;TransportMode=BINARY;"); MyCustomersDAO dao = dbi.open(MyCustomersDAO.class); //do stuff with the DAO dao.close();

Hive Data について

With the connection open to Hive, simply call the previously defined method to retrieve data from the Customers entity in Hive.

//disply the result of our 'find' method String companyName = dao.findCompanyNameByCountry("US"); System.out.println(companyName);

Hive Data の書き方

It is also simple to write data to Hive, using the previously defined method.

//add a new entry to the Customers entity dao.insert(newCountry, newCompanyName);

Since the JDBI library is able to work with JDBC connections, you can easily produce a SQL Object API for Hive by integrating with the CData JDBC Driver for Hive.Download a free trial and work with live Hive data in custom Java applications today.

 
 
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