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PolyBase で外部データソースとしてHive を連携利用

CData ODBC Driver for Hive とSQL Server 2019 のPolyBase を使って、リアルタイムHive data に外部データソースとしてアクセス。

SQL Server のPolyBase は、データベーステーブルをクエリするTransact-SQL シンタックスを使って、外部データにクエリする仕組みです。 CData ODBC Drivers for Hive data を組み合わせて使うことで、SQL Server データと同じようにHive data へのアクセスが可能です。 本記事では、PolyBase 外部データソースへのHive data の設定から、T-SQL クエリを使ったHive data へのアクセスを行います。

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live Hive data using PolyBase due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SQL Server to Hive, the driver pushes down supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Hive and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. And with PolyBase, you can also join SQL Server data with Hive data, using a single query to pull data from distributed sources.

Hive への接続

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs. To create an external data source in SQL Server using PolyBase, configure a System DSN (CData Hive Sys is created automatically).

Set the Server, Port, TransportMode, and AuthScheme connection properties to connect to Hive.

Click "Test Connection" to ensure that the DSN is connected to Hive properly. Navigate to the Tables tab to review the table definitions for Hive.

Hive Data の外部データソースの作成

After configuring the connection, you need to create a master encryption key and a credential database for the external data source.

Creating a Master Encryption Key

Execute the following SQL command to create a new master key, 'ENCRYPTION,' to encrypt the credentials for the external data source.

CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'password';

Creating a Credential Database

Execute the following SQL command to create credentials for the external data source connected to Hive data.

NOTE: Since Hive does not require a User or Password to authenticate, you may use whatever values you wish for IDENTITY and SECRET.

CREATE DATABASE SCOPED CREDENTIAL apachehive_creds
WITH IDENTITY = 'username', SECRET = 'password';

Create an External Data Source for Hive

Execute the following SQL command to create an external data source for Hive with PolyBase, using the DSN and credentials configured earlier.

NOTE: SERVERNAME and PORT corresponds to the Server and Port connection properties for Hive. PUSHDOWN is set to ON by default, meaning the ODBC Driver can leverage server-side processing for complex queries.

CREATE EXTERNAL DATA SOURCE cdata_apachehive_source
WITH ( 
  LOCATION = 'odbc://SERVERNAME[:PORT]',
  CONNECTION_OPTIONS = 'DSN=CData Hive Sys',
  -- PUSHDOWN = ON | OFF,
  CREDENTIAL = apachehive_creds
);

Hive のExternal Table を作成

After creating the external data source, use CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE statements to link to Hive data from your SQL Server instance. The table column definitions must match those exposed by the CData ODBC Driver for Hive. You can refer to the Tables tab of the DSN Configuration Wizard to see the table definition.

Sample CREATE TABLE Statement

The statement to create an external table based on a Hive Customers would look similar to the following:

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE Customers(
  City [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  CompanyName [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  ...
) WITH ( 
  LOCATION='Customers',
  DATA_SOURCE=cdata_apachehive_source
);

Having created external tables for Hive in your SQL Server instance, you are now able to query local and remote data simultaneously. Thanks to built-in query processing in the CData ODBC Driver, you know that as much query processing as possible is being pushed to Hive, freeing up local resources and computing power. Download a free, 30-day trial of the ODBC Driver for Hive and start working with live Hive data alongside your SQL Server data today.

 
 
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