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PolyBase で外部データソースとしてMySQL を連携利用

CData ODBC Driver for MySQL とSQL Server 2019 のPolyBase を使って、リアルタイムMySQL data に外部データソースとしてアクセス。

SQL Server のPolyBase は、データベーステーブルをクエリするTransact-SQL シンタックスを使って、外部データにクエリする仕組みです。 CData ODBC Drivers for MySQL data を組み合わせて使うことで、SQL Server データと同じようにMySQL data へのアクセスが可能です。 本記事では、PolyBase 外部データソースへのMySQL data の設定から、T-SQL クエリを使ったMySQL data へのアクセスを行います。

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live MySQL data using PolyBase due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SQL Server to MySQL, the driver pushes down supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to MySQL and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. And with PolyBase, you can also join SQL Server data with MySQL data, using a single query to pull data from distributed sources.

MySQL への接続

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs. To create an external data source in SQL Server using PolyBase, configure a System DSN (CData MySQL Sys is created automatically).

Server およびPort プロパティがMySQL への接続には必須です。IntegratedSecurity をFALSE に設定した場合、User、Password も必須になります。 オプションで、Database を設定することもできます。Database は設定がない場合すべてのデータベースを使えるようになります。

Click "Test Connection" to ensure that the DSN is connected to MySQL properly. Navigate to the Tables tab to review the table definitions for MySQL.

MySQL Data の外部データソースの作成

After configuring the connection, you need to create a master encryption key and a credential database for the external data source.

Creating a Master Encryption Key

Execute the following SQL command to create a new master key, 'ENCRYPTION,' to encrypt the credentials for the external data source.

CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'password';

Creating a Credential Database

Execute the following SQL command to create credentials for the external data source connected to MySQL data.

NOTE: IDENTITY and SECRET correspond with the User and Password properties for MySQL.

CREATE DATABASE SCOPED CREDENTIAL mysql_creds
WITH IDENTITY = 'username', SECRET = 'password';

Create an External Data Source for MySQL

Execute the following SQL command to create an external data source for MySQL with PolyBase, using the DSN and credentials configured earlier.

NOTE: SERVERNAME and PORT corresponds to the Server and Port connection properties for MySQL. PUSHDOWN is set to ON by default, meaning the ODBC Driver can leverage server-side processing for complex queries.

CREATE EXTERNAL DATA SOURCE cdata_mysql_source
WITH ( 
  LOCATION = 'odbc://SERVERNAME[:PORT]',
  CONNECTION_OPTIONS = 'DSN=CData MySQL Sys',
  -- PUSHDOWN = ON | OFF,
  CREDENTIAL = mysql_creds
);

MySQL のExternal Table を作成

After creating the external data source, use CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE statements to link to MySQL data from your SQL Server instance. The table column definitions must match those exposed by the CData ODBC Driver for MySQL. You can refer to the Tables tab of the DSN Configuration Wizard to see the table definition.

Sample CREATE TABLE Statement

The statement to create an external table based on a MySQL Orders would look similar to the following:

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE Orders(
  ShipName [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  Freight [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  ...
) WITH ( 
  LOCATION='Orders',
  DATA_SOURCE=cdata_mysql_source
);

Having created external tables for MySQL in your SQL Server instance, you are now able to query local and remote data simultaneously. Thanks to built-in query processing in the CData ODBC Driver, you know that as much query processing as possible is being pushed to MySQL, freeing up local resources and computing power. Download a free, 30-day trial of the ODBC Driver for MySQL and start working with live MySQL data alongside your SQL Server data today.

 
 
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