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PolyBase で外部データソースとしてSansan を連携利用

CData ODBC Driver for Sansan とSQL Server 2019 のPolyBase を使って、リアルタイムSansan data に外部データソースとしてアクセス。

SQL Server のPolyBase は、データベーステーブルをクエリするTransact-SQL シンタックスを使って、外部データにクエリする仕組みです。 CData ODBC Drivers for Sansan data を組み合わせて使うことで、SQL Server データと同じようにSansan data へのアクセスが可能です。 本記事では、PolyBase 外部データソースへのSansan data の設定から、T-SQL クエリを使ったSansan data へのアクセスを行います。

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live Sansan data using PolyBase due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SQL Server to Sansan, the driver pushes down supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Sansan and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. And with PolyBase, you can also join SQL Server data with Sansan data, using a single query to pull data from distributed sources.

Sansan への接続

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs. To create an external data source in SQL Server using PolyBase, configure a System DSN (CData Sansan Sys is created automatically).

Sansan への接続にはAPIKey が必要です。Sansan の管理画面からAPIキーを発行して、接続プロパティに入力します。

Click "Test Connection" to ensure that the DSN is connected to Sansan properly. Navigate to the Tables tab to review the table definitions for Sansan.

Sansan Data の外部データソースの作成

After configuring the connection, you need to create a master encryption key and a credential database for the external data source.

Creating a Master Encryption Key

Execute the following SQL command to create a new master key, 'ENCRYPTION,' to encrypt the credentials for the external data source.

CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'password';

Creating a Credential Database

Execute the following SQL command to create credentials for the external data source connected to Sansan data.

NOTE: Since Sansan does not require a User or Password to authenticate, you may use whatever values you wish for IDENTITY and SECRET.

CREATE DATABASE SCOPED CREDENTIAL sansan_creds
WITH IDENTITY = 'username', SECRET = 'password';

Create an External Data Source for Sansan

Execute the following SQL command to create an external data source for Sansan with PolyBase, using the DSN and credentials configured earlier.

For Sansan, set SERVERNAME to 'localhost' or '127.0.0.1' and leave PORT empty. PUSHDOWN is set to ON by default, meaning the ODBC Driver can leverage server-side processing for complex queries.

CREATE EXTERNAL DATA SOURCE cdata_sansan_source
WITH ( 
  LOCATION = 'odbc://SERVERNAME[:PORT]',
  CONNECTION_OPTIONS = 'DSN=CData Sansan Sys',
  -- PUSHDOWN = ON | OFF,
  CREDENTIAL = sansan_creds
);

Sansan のExternal Table を作成

After creating the external data source, use CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE statements to link to Sansan data from your SQL Server instance. The table column definitions must match those exposed by the CData ODBC Driver for Sansan. You can refer to the Tables tab of the DSN Configuration Wizard to see the table definition.

Sample CREATE TABLE Statement

The statement to create an external table based on a Sansan Bizcards would look similar to the following:

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE Bizcards(
  BizcardId [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  Email [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  ...
) WITH ( 
  LOCATION='Bizcards',
  DATA_SOURCE=cdata_sansan_source
);

Having created external tables for Sansan in your SQL Server instance, you are now able to query local and remote data simultaneously. Thanks to built-in query processing in the CData ODBC Driver, you know that as much query processing as possible is being pushed to Sansan, freeing up local resources and computing power. Download a free, 30-day trial of the ODBC Driver for Sansan and start working with live Sansan data alongside your SQL Server data today.

 
 
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