Node.js からSharePoint Data をクエリ

API Server は、データを外部に公開します。CData API Server のOData エンドポイントを使って、Node.js からSharePoint data へのCRUD クエリを実行します。

CData API Server とADO.NET Provider for SharePoint(もしくは200+ の他のADO.NET Providers)を使って、SharePoint をOData エンドポイントして公開し、Node.js からシンプルなHTTP リクエストでクエリを実現します。本記事ではAPI Server を使ってJSON でフォーマットされたSharePoint データをNode.js でリクエストする方法を説明します。

Set Up the API Server

Follow the steps below to begin producing secure SharePoint OData services:


The API Server runs on your own server. On Windows, you can deploy using the stand-alone server or IIS. On a Java servlet container, drop in the API Server WAR file. See the help documentation for more information and how-tos.

The API Server is also easy to deploy on Microsoft Azure, Amazon EC2, and Heroku.

Connect to SharePoint

After you deploy the API Server and the ADO.NET Provider for SharePoint, provide authentication values and other connection properties needed to connect to SharePoint by clicking Settings -> Connections and adding a new connection in the API Server administration console.

SharePoint のベースサイトもしくはサブサイトのURL を設定します。これにより、サイト・サブサイトのすべてのリストを含むSharePoint エンティティをクエリできます。

Authentication セクションのUser、Password を設定します。SharePoint のオンプレミス版の際にはこの値は必須です。

SharePoint Online に接続する場合にはSharePointEdition をSHAREPOINTONLINE に設定し、User とPassword を設定します。詳細はヘルプドキュメントの「はじめに」を参照してください。

You can then choose the SharePoint entities you want to allow the API Server access to by clicking Settings -> Resources.

Authorize API Server Users

After determining the OData services you want to produce, authorize users by clicking Settings -> Users. The API Server uses authtoken-based authentication and supports the major authentication schemes. Access can also be restricted based on IP address; all IP addresses except the local machine are restricted by default. You can authenticate as well as encrypt connections with SSL.

Consume SharePoint OData Feeds from Node.js

OData feeds are easy to work with in Node.js. You can use the HTTP client in Node.js to request JSON-formatted data from the API Server's OData endpoint. After making the request, you can construct the body of the response and call the JSON.parse() function to parse it into records.

The code below will make an authenticated request for MyCustomList data. The example URL below applies a simple filter that searches for records with a value of Chapel Hill in the Location column.

var http = require('http'); http.get({ protocol: "http:", hostname: "", port: MyPort, path: "/api.rsc/MyCustomList?$filter=" + encodeURIComponent("Location eq 'Chapel Hill'"), auth: 'MyUser:MyAuthtoken' }, function(res) { var body = ''; res.on('data', function(chunk) { body += chunk; }); res.on('end', function() { console.log(body); var jsonData = JSON.parse(body); }); }).on('error', function(e) { console.log("Error: ", e); });