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Connect to Amazon Marketplace as an External Data Source using PolyBase

Use the CData ODBC Driver for Amazon Marketplace and PolyBase to create an external data source in SQL Server 2019 with access to live Amazon Marketplace data.

PolyBase for SQL Server allows you to query external data by using the same Transact-SQL syntax used to query a database table. When paired with the CData ODBC Driver for Amazon Marketplace, you get access to your Amazon Marketplace data directly alongside your SQL Server data. This article walks through creating an external data source and external tables to grant access to live Amazon Marketplace data using T-SQL queries.

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live Amazon Marketplace data using PolyBase due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SQL Server to Amazon Marketplace, the driver pushes down supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Amazon Marketplace and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. And with PolyBase, you can also join SQL Server data with Amazon Marketplace data, using a single query to pull data from distributed sources.

Connect to Amazon Marketplace

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs. To create an external data source in SQL Server using PolyBase, configure a System DSN (CData Amazon Marketplace Sys is created automatically).

To connect to the Amazon Marketplace Webservice (MWS), AWSAccessKeyId, MWSAuthToken, AWSSecretKey and SellerId are required. You can optionally set the Marketplace property. For more information on obtaining values for these properties, refer to the Help documentation.

Click "Test Connection" to ensure that the DSN is connected to Amazon Marketplace properly. Navigate to the Tables tab to review the table definitions for Amazon Marketplace.

Create an External Data Source for Amazon Marketplace Data

After configuring the connection, you need to create a master encryption key and a credential database for the external data source.

Creating a Master Encryption Key

Execute the following SQL command to create a new master key, 'ENCRYPTION,' to encrypt the credentials for the external data source.

CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'password';

Creating a Credential Database

Execute the following SQL command to create credentials for the external data source connected to Amazon Marketplace data.

NOTE: Since Amazon Marketplace does not require a User or Password to authenticate, you may use whatever values you wish for IDENTITY and SECRET.

CREATE DATABASE SCOPED CREDENTIAL amazonmarketplace_creds
WITH IDENTITY = 'username', SECRET = 'password';

Create an External Data Source for Amazon Marketplace

Execute the following SQL command to create an external data source for Amazon Marketplace with PolyBase, using the DSN and credentials configured earlier.

For Amazon Marketplace, set SERVERNAME to 'localhost' or '127.0.0.1' and leave PORT empty. PUSHDOWN is set to ON by default, meaning the ODBC Driver can leverage server-side processing for complex queries.

CREATE EXTERNAL DATA SOURCE cdata_amazonmarketplace_source
WITH ( 
  LOCATION = 'odbc://SERVERNAME[:PORT]',
  CONNECTION_OPTIONS = 'DSN=CData Amazon Marketplace Sys',
  -- PUSHDOWN = ON | OFF,
  CREDENTIAL = amazonmarketplace_creds
);

Create External Tables for Amazon Marketplace

After creating the external data source, use CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE statements to link to Amazon Marketplace data from your SQL Server instance. The table column definitions must match those exposed by the CData ODBC Driver for Amazon Marketplace. You can refer to the Tables tab of the DSN Configuration Wizard to see the table definition.

Sample CREATE TABLE Statement

The statement to create an external table based on a Amazon Marketplace Orders would look similar to the following:

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE Orders(
  AmazonOrderId [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  OrderStatus [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  ...
) WITH ( 
  LOCATION='Orders',
  DATA_SOURCE=cdata_amazonmarketplace_source
);

Having created external tables for Amazon Marketplace in your SQL Server instance, you are now able to query local and remote data simultaneously. Thanks to built-in query processing in the CData ODBC Driver, you know that as much query processing as possible is being pushed to Amazon Marketplace, freeing up local resources and computing power. Download a free, 30-day trial of the ODBC Driver for Amazon Marketplace and start working with live Amazon Marketplace data alongside your SQL Server data today.