Process & Analyze BigQuery Data in Databricks (AWS)

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Google BigQuery JDBC Driver

Rapidly create and deploy powerful Java applications that integrate with Google BigQuery data including Tables and Datasets.



Host the CData JDBC Driver for BigQuery in AWS and use Databricks to perform data engineering and data science on live BigQuery data.

Databricks is a cloud-based service that provides data processing capabilities through Apache Spark. When paired with the CData JDBC Driver, customers can use Databricks to perform data engineering and data science on live BigQuery data. This article walks through hosting the CData JDBC Driver in AWS, as well as connecting to and processing live BigQuery data in Databricks.

With built-in optimized data processing, the CData JDBC Driver offers unmatched performance for interacting with live BigQuery data. When you issue complex SQL queries to BigQuery, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to BigQuery and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations). Its built-in dynamic metadata querying allows you to work with and analyze BigQuery data using native data types.

Install the CData JDBC Driver in Databricks

To work with live BigQuery data in Databricks, install the driver on your Databricks cluster.

  1. Navigate to your Databricks administration screen and select the target cluster.
  2. On the Libraries tab, click "Install New."
  3. Select "Upload" as the Library Source and "Jar" as the Library Type.
  4. Upload the JDBC JAR file (cdata.jdbc.googlebigquery.jar) from the installation location (typically C:\Program Files\CData\CData JDBC Driver for BigQuery\lib).

Access BigQuery Data in your Notebook: Python

With the JAR file installed, we are ready to work with live BigQuery data in Databricks. Start by creating a new notebook in your workspace. Name the notebook, select Python as the language (though Scala is available as well), and choose the cluster where you installed the JDBC driver. When the notebook launches, we can configure the connection, query BigQuery, and create a basic report.

Configure the Connection to BigQuery

Connect to BigQuery by referencing the JDBC Driver class and constructing a connection string to use in the JDBC URL.

Step 1: Connection Information

driver = "cdata.jdbc.googlebigquery.GoogleBigQueryDriver"
url = "jdbc:googlebigquery:DataSetId=MyDataSetId;ProjectId=MyProjectId;InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH"

Built-in Connection String Designer

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the BigQuery JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.googlebigquery.jar

Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

Google uses the OAuth authentication standard. To access Google APIs on behalf of individual users, you can use the embedded credentials or you can register your own OAuth app.

OAuth also enables you to use a service account to connect on behalf of users in a Google Apps domain. To authenticate with a service account, you will need to register an application to obtain the OAuth JWT values.

In addition to the OAuth values, you will need to specify the DatasetId and ProjectId. See the "Getting Started" chapter of the help documentation for a guide to using OAuth.

Load BigQuery Data

Once you configure the connection, you can load BigQuery data as a dataframe using the CData JDBC Driver and the connection information.

Step 2: Reading the data

remote_table = spark.read.format ( "jdbc" ) \
	.option ( "driver" , driver) \
	.option ( "url" , url) \
	.option ( "dbtable" , "Orders") \
	.load ()

Display BigQuery Data

Check the loaded BigQuery data by calling the display function.

Step 3: Checking the result

display (remote_table.select ("OrderName"))

Analyze BigQuery Data in Databricks

If you want to process data with Databricks SparkSQL, register the loaded data as a Temp View.

Step 4: Create a view or table

remote_table.createOrReplaceTempView ( "SAMPLE_VIEW" )

With the Temp View created, you can use SparkSQL to retrieve the BigQuery data for reporting, visualization, and analysis.

% sql

SELECT OrderName, Freight FROM SAMPLE_VIEW ORDER BY Freight DESC LIMIT 5

The data from BigQuery is only available in the target notebook. If you want to use it with other users, save it as a table.

remote_table.write.format ( "parquet" ) .saveAsTable ( "SAMPLE_TABLE" )

Download a free, 30-day trial of the CData JDBC Driver for BigQuery and start working with your live BigQuery data in Databricks. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.