Access Elasticsearch Data in PHP through Connect Cloud

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CData Connect



Connect to Elasticsearch through the standard MySQL libraries in PHP.

You can use CData Connect Cloud to access Elasticsearch data from MySQL clients, without needing to perform an ETL or cache data. Follow the steps below to create a virtual MySQL database for Elasticsearch and connect to Elasticsearch data in real time through PHP's standard MySQL interfaces, mysqli and PDO_MySQL.

CData Connect Cloud provides a pure MySQL, cloud-to-cloud interface for Elasticsearch, allowing you to easily query live Elasticsearch data in PHP — without replicating the data to a natively supported database. As you query data in PHP, CData Connect Cloud pushes all supported SQL operations (filters, JOINs, etc) directly to Elasticsearch, leveraging server-side processing to quickly return Elasticsearch data.

Create a Virtual MySQL Database for Elasticsearch Data

CData Connect Cloud uses a straightforward, point-and-click interface to connect to data sources and generate APIs.

  1. Login to Connect Cloud and click Databases.
  2. Select "Elasticsearch" from Available Data Sources.
  3. Enter the necessary authentication properties to connect to Elasticsearch.

    Set the Server and Port connection properties to connect. To authenticate, set the User and Password properties, PKI (public key infrastructure) properties, or both. To use PKI, set the SSLClientCert, SSLClientCertType, SSLClientCertSubject, and SSLClientCertPassword properties.

    The data provider uses X-Pack Security for TLS/SSL and authentication. To connect over TLS/SSL, prefix the Server value with 'https://'. Note: TLS/SSL and client authentication must be enabled on X-Pack to use PKI.

    Once the data provider is connected, X-Pack will then perform user authentication and grant role permissions based on the realms you have configured.

  4. Click Test Database.
  5. Click Privileges -> Add and add the new user (or an existing user) with the appropriate permissions.

With the virtual database created, you are ready to connect to Elasticsearch data from any MySQL client.

Connect in PHP

The following examples show how to use object-oriented interfaces to connect and execute queries. Initialize the connection object with the following parameters to connect to the virtual MySQL database:

  • Host: Specify the remote host location where the service is running. In this case "myinstance.cdatacloud.net" is used for the remote host setting since the service is running on the local machine.
  • Username: Specify the username for a user you authorized in Connect Cloud.
  • Password: Specify the password for the authorized user account.
  • Database Name: Specify the name of the virtual database you created for Elasticsearch.
  • Port: Specify the port the service is running on, port 3306 in this example.

mysqli

<?php
$mysqli = mysqli_init();

$mysqli->ssl_set("C:/certs/cloudclient.key",
                 "C:/certs/cloudclient.pem",
                 "C:/certs/myCA.pem",
                 NULL,NULL);

$mysqli->real_connect("mysintance.cdatacloud.net", "admin", "mypassword", "elasticsearchdb",3306,NULL,MYSQLI_CLIENT_SSL_DONT_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT);
?>

PDO

<?php
$pdo = new PDO('mysql:host=myinstance.cdatacloud.net;dbname=elasticsearchdb;port=3306;','admin', 'mypassword', array(
    PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_KEY                => 'C:/certs/cloudclient.key',
    PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_CERT               => 'C:/certs/cloudclient.pem',
    PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_CA                 => 'C:/certs/myCA.pem',
    PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT => false
    )
);
?>

Query in PHP

With the connection established, you can then access tables. The following steps walk through the example:

  1. Query the table; for example, Orders. The results will be stored as an associative array in the $result object.
  2. Iterate over each row and column, printing the values to display in the PHP page.
  3. Close the connection.

mysqli

$result = $mysqli->query("SELECT Orders.Freight, Customers.ContactName FROM Customers INNER JOIN Orders ON Customers.CustomerId=Orders.CustomerId");
while($row = $result->fetch_assoc()) {
  foreach ($row as $k=>$v) {
    echo "$k : $v";
    echo "<br />"; 
  }
}
$mysqli->close();

PDO

$result = $pdo->query("SELECT Orders.Freight, Customers.ContactName FROM Customers INNER JOIN Orders ON Customers.CustomerId=Orders.CustomerId");
while($row = $result->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC)) {
  foreach ($row as $k=>$v) {
    echo "$k : $v";
    echo "<br />"; 
  }
}
$result = null;
$pdo = null;