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Use SQLAlchemy ORMs to Access Google Contacts Data in Python

The CData Python Connector for Google Contacts enables you to create Python applications and scripts that use SQLAlchemy Object-Relational Mappings of Google Contacts data.

The rich ecosystem of Python modules lets you get to work quickly and integrate your systems effectively. With the CData Python Connector for Google Contacts and the SQLAlchemy toolkit, you can build Google Contacts-connected Python applications and scripts. This article shows how to use SQLAlchemy to connect to Google Contacts data to query, update, delete, and insert Google Contacts data.

With built-in optimized data processing, the CData Python Connector offers unmatched performance for interacting with live Google Contacts data in Python. When you issue complex SQL queries from Google Contacts, the CData Connector pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Google Contacts and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations).

Connecting to Google Contacts Data

Connecting to Google Contacts data looks just like connecting to any relational data source. Create a connection string using the required connection properties. For this article, you will pass the connection string as a parameter to the create_engine function.

You can connect to Google APIs on behalf of individual users or on behalf of a domain. Google uses the OAuth authentication standard. See the "Getting Started" section of the help documentation for a guide.

Follow the procedure below to install SQLAlchemy and start accessing Google Contacts through Python objects.

Install Required Modules

Use the pip utility to install the SQLAlchemy toolkit:

pip install sqlalchemy

Be sure to import the module with the following:

import sqlalchemy

Model Google Contacts Data in Python

You can now connect with a connection string. Use the create_engine function to create an Engine for working with Google Contacts data.

engine = create_engine("googlecontacts///?InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH&OAuthSettingsLocation=/PATH/TO/OAuthSettings.txt")

Declare a Mapping Class for Google Contacts Data

After establishing the connection, declare a mapping class for the table you wish to model in the ORM (in this article, we will model the Friends table). Use the sqlalchemy.ext.declarative.declarative_base function and create a new class with some or all of the fields (columns) defined.

base = declarative_base()
class Friends(base):
	__tablename__ = "Friends"
	Summary = Column(String,primary_key=True)
	StartDateTime = Column(String)
	...

Query Google Contacts Data

With the mapping class prepared, you can use a session object to query the data source. After binding the Engine to the session, provide the mapping class to the session query method.

Using the query Method

engine = create_engine("googlecontacts///?InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH&OAuthSettingsLocation=/PATH/TO/OAuthSettings.txt")
factory = sessionmaker(bind=engine)
session = factory()
for instance in session.query(Friends).filter_by(SearchTerms="Durham"):
	print("Summary: ", instance.Summary)
	print("StartDateTime: ", instance.StartDateTime)
	print("---------")

Alternatively, you can use the execute method with the appropriate table object. The code below works with an active session.

Using the execute Method

Friends_table = Friends.metadata.tables["Friends"]
for instance in session.execute(Friends_table.select().where(Friends_table.c.SearchTerms == "Durham")):
	print("Summary: ", instance.Summary)
	print("StartDateTime: ", instance.StartDateTime)
	print("---------")

For examples of more complex querying, including JOINs, aggregations, limits, and more, refer to the Help documentation for the extension.

Insert Google Contacts Data

To insert Google Contacts data, define an instance of the mapped class and add it to the active session. Call the commit function on the session to push all added instances to Google Contacts.

new_rec = Friends(Summary="placeholder", SearchTerms="Durham")
session.add(new_rec)
session.commit()

Update Google Contacts Data

To update Google Contacts data, fetch the desired record(s) with a filter query. Then, modify the values of the fields and call the commit function on the session to push the modified record to Google Contacts.

updated_rec = session.query(Friends).filter_by(SOME_ID_COLUMN="SOME_ID_VALUE").first()
updated_rec.SearchTerms = "Durham"
session.commit()

Delete Google Contacts Data

To delete Google Contacts data, fetch the desired record(s) with a filter query. Then delete the record with the active session and call the commit function on the session to perform the delete operation on the provided recoreds (rows).

deleted_rec = session.query(Friends).filter_by(SOME_ID_COLUMN="SOME_ID_VALUE").first()
session.delete(deleted_rec)
session.commit()

Free Trial & More Information

Download a free, 30-day trial of the Google Contacts Python Connector to start building Python apps and scripts with connectivity to Google Contacts data. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.