Connect to Google Data Catalog Data as a Federated Tables in MySQL

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Google Data Catalog ODBC Driver

The Google Data Catalog ODBC Driver is a powerful tool that allows you to connect with live data from Google Data Catalog, directly from any applications that support ODBC connectivity.

Access Google Data Catalog data like you would a database - read, write, and update Google Data Catalog Schemas, Tables, etc. through a standard ODBC Driver interface.



Use the SQL Gateway and the ODBC Driver to set up federated tables for Google Data Catalog data in MySQL .

You can use the SQL Gateway to configure a MySQL remoting service and set up federated tables for Google Data Catalog data. The service is a daemon process that provides a MySQL interface to the CData ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog: After you have started the service, you can create a server and tables using the FEDERATED Storage Engine in MySQL. You can then work with Google Data Catalog data just as you would local MySQL tables.

Connect to Google Data Catalog Data

If you have not already done so, provide values for the required connection properties in the data source name (DSN). You can use the built-in Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to configure the DSN. This is also the last step of the driver installation. See the "Getting Started" chapter in the help documentation for a guide to using the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure a DSN.

Google Data Catalog uses the OAuth authentication standard. Authorize access to Google APIs on behalf on individual users or on behalf of users in a domain.

Before connecting, specify the following to identify the organization and project you would like to connect to:

  • OrganizationId: The ID associated with the Google Cloud Platform organization resource you would like to connect to. Find this by navigating to the cloud console.

    Click the project selection drop-down, and select your organization from the list. Then, click More -> Settings. The organization ID is displayed on this page.

  • ProjectId: The ID associated with the Google Cloud Platform project resource you would like to connect to.

    Find this by navigating to the cloud console dashboard and selecting your project from the Select from drop-down. The project ID will be present in the Project info card.

When you connect, the OAuth endpoint opens in your default browser. Log in and grant permissions to the application to completes the OAuth process. For more information, refer to the OAuth section in the Help documentation.

Configure the SQL Gateway

See the SQL Gateway Overview to set up connectivity to Google Data Catalog data as a virtual MySQL database. You will configure a MySQL remoting service that listens for MySQL requests from clients. The service can be configured in the SQL Gateway UI.

Create a FEDERATED Server and Tables for Google Data Catalog Data

After you have configured and started the service, create a FEDERATED server to simplify the process of creating FEDERATED tables:

Create a FEDERATED Server

The following statement will create a FEDERATED server based on the ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog. Note that the username and password of the FEDERATED server must match a user account you defined on the Users tab of the SQL Gateway.

CREATE SERVER fedGoogleDataCatalog
FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER mysql
OPTIONS (USER 'sql_gateway_user', PASSWORD 'sql_gateway_passwd', HOST 'sql_gateway_host', PORT ####, DATABASE 'CData GoogleDataCatalog Sys');

Create a FEDERATED Table

To create a FEDERATED table using our newly created server, use the CONNECTION keyword and pass the name of the FEDERATED server and the remote table (Schemas). Refer to the following template for the statement to create a FEDERATED table:

CREATE TABLE fed_schemas (
  ...,
  type  TYPE(LEN),
  datasetname  TYPE(LEN),
  ...,
)
ENGINE=FEDERATED
DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1
CONNECTION='fedGoogleDataCatalog/schemas';

NOTE: The table schema for the FEDERATED table must match the remote table schema exactly. You can always connect directly to the MySQL remoting service using any MySQL client and run a SHOW CREATE TABLE query to get the table schema.

Execute Queries

You can now execute queries to the Google Data Catalog FEDERATED tables from any tool that can connect to MySQL, which is particularly useful if you need to JOIN data from a local table with data from Google Data Catalog. Refer to the following example:

SELECT 
  fed_schemas.type, 
  local_table.custom_field 
FROM 
  local_table 
JOIN 
  fed_schemas 
ON 
  local_table.foreign_type = fed_schemas.type;