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Extract, Transform, and Load Greenplum Data in Python

The CData Python Connector for Greenplum enables you to create ETL applications and pipelines for Greenplum data in Python with petl.

The rich ecosystem of Python modules lets you get to work quickly and integrate your systems more effectively. With the CData Python Connector for Greenplum and the petl framework, you can build Greenplum-connected applications and pipelines for extracting, transforming, and loading Greenplum data. This article shows how to connect to Greenplum with the CData Python Connector and use petl and pandas to extract, transform, and load Greenplum data.

With built-in, optimized data processing, the CData Python Connector offers unmatched performance for interacting with live Greenplum data in Python. When you issue complex SQL queries from Greenplum, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Greenplum and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations).

Connecting to Greenplum Data

Connecting to Greenplum data looks just like connecting to any relational data source. Create a connection string using the required connection properties. For this article, you will pass the connection string as a parameter to the create_engine function.

To connect to Greenplum, set the Server, Port (the default port is 5432), and Database connection properties and set the User and Password you wish to use to authenticate to the server. If the Database property is not specified, the default database for the authenticate user is used.

After installing the CData Greenplum Connector, follow the procedure below to install the other required modules and start accessing Greenplum through Python objects.

Install Required Modules

Use the pip utility to install the required modules and frameworks:

pip install petl
pip install pandas

Build an ETL App for Greenplum Data in Python

Once the required modules and frameworks are installed, we are ready to build our ETL app. Code snippets follow, but the full source code is available at the end of the article.

First, be sure to import the modules (including the CData Connector) with the following:

import petl as etl
import pandas as pd
import cdata.greenplum as mod

You can now connect with a connection string. Use the connect function for the CData Greenplum Connector to create a connection for working with Greenplum data.

cnxn = mod.connect("User=user;Password=admin;Database=dbname;Server=127.0.0.1;Port=5432;")

Create a SQL Statement to Query Greenplum

Use SQL to create a statement for querying Greenplum. In this article, we read data from the Orders entity.

sql = "SELECT Freight, ShipName FROM Orders WHERE ShipCountry = 'USA'"

Extract, Transform, and Load the Greenplum Data

With the query results stored in a DataFrame, we can use petl to extract, transform, and load the Greenplum data. In this example, we extract Greenplum data, sort the data by the ShipName column, and load the data into a CSV file.

Loading Greenplum Data into a CSV File

table1 = etl.fromdb(cnxn,sql)

table2 = etl.sort(table1,'ShipName')

etl.tocsv(table2,'orders_data.csv')

In the following example, we add new rows to the Orders table.

Adding New Rows to Greenplum

table1 = [ ['Freight','ShipName'], ['NewFreight1','NewShipName1'], ['NewFreight2','NewShipName2'], ['NewFreight3','NewShipName3'] ]

etl.appenddb(table1, cnxn, 'Orders')

With the CData Python Connector for Greenplum, you can work with Greenplum data just like you would with any database, including direct access to data in ETL packages like petl.

Free Trial & More Information

Download a free, 30-day trial of the Greenplum Python Connector to start building Python apps and scripts with connectivity to Greenplum data. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.



Full Source Code


import petl as etl
import pandas as pd
import cdata.greenplum as mod

cnxn = mod.connect("User=user;Password=admin;Database=dbname;Server=127.0.0.1;Port=5432;")

sql = "SELECT Freight, ShipName FROM Orders WHERE ShipCountry = 'USA'"

table1 = etl.fromdb(cnxn,sql)

table2 = etl.sort(table1,'ShipName')

etl.tocsv(table2,'orders_data.csv')

table3 = [ ['Freight','ShipName'], ['NewFreight1','NewShipName1'], ['NewFreight2','NewShipName2'], ['NewFreight3','NewShipName3'] ]

etl.appenddb(table3, cnxn, 'Orders')