Ready to get started?

Learn more about the CData Python Connector for HubSpot or download a free trial:

Download Now

Use SQLAlchemy ORMs to Access HubSpot Data in Python

The CData Python Connector for HubSpot enables you to create Python applications and scripts that use SQLAlchemy Object-Relational Mappings of HubSpot data.

The rich ecosystem of Python modules lets you get to work quickly and integrate your systems effectively. With the CData Python Connector for HubSpot and the SQLAlchemy toolkit, you can build HubSpot-connected Python applications and scripts. This article shows how to use SQLAlchemy to connect to HubSpot data to query, update, delete, and insert HubSpot data.

With built-in optimized data processing, the CData Python Connector offers unmatched performance for interacting with live HubSpot data in Python. When you issue complex SQL queries from HubSpot, the CData Connector pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to HubSpot and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations).

Connecting to HubSpot Data

Connecting to HubSpot data looks just like connecting to any relational data source. Create a connection string using the required connection properties. For this article, you will pass the connection string as a parameter to the create_engine function.

HubSpot uses the OAuth authentication standard. You can use the embedded OAuthClientId, OAuthClientSecret, and CallbackURL or you can obtain your own by registering an app.

See the Getting Started chapter of the help documentation for a guide to using OAuth.

Follow the procedure below to install SQLAlchemy and start accessing HubSpot through Python objects.

Install Required Modules

Use the pip utility to install the SQLAlchemy toolkit:

pip install sqlalchemy

Be sure to import the module with the following:

import sqlalchemy

Model HubSpot Data in Python

You can now connect with a connection string. Use the create_engine function to create an Engine for working with HubSpot data.

engine = create_engine("hubspot///?InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH&OAuthSettingsLocation=/PATH/TO/OAuthSettings.txt")

Declare a Mapping Class for HubSpot Data

After establishing the connection, declare a mapping class for the table you wish to model in the ORM (in this article, we will model the Prospects table). Use the sqlalchemy.ext.declarative.declarative_base function and create a new class with some or all of the fields (columns) defined.

base = declarative_base()
class Prospects(base):
	__tablename__ = "Prospects"
	Slug = Column(String,primary_key=True)
	PageViews = Column(String)
	...

Query HubSpot Data

With the mapping class prepared, you can use a session object to query the data source. After binding the Engine to the session, provide the mapping class to the session query method.

Using the query Method

engine = create_engine("hubspot///?InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH&OAuthSettingsLocation=/PATH/TO/OAuthSettings.txt")
factory = sessionmaker(bind=engine)
session = factory()
for instance in session.query(Prospects).filter_by(Region="ONTARIO"):
	print("Slug: ", instance.Slug)
	print("PageViews: ", instance.PageViews)
	print("---------")

Alternatively, you can use the execute method with the appropriate table object. The code below works with an active session.

Using the execute Method

Prospects_table = Prospects.metadata.tables["Prospects"]
for instance in session.execute(Prospects_table.select().where(Prospects_table.c.Region == "ONTARIO")):
	print("Slug: ", instance.Slug)
	print("PageViews: ", instance.PageViews)
	print("---------")

For examples of more complex querying, including JOINs, aggregations, limits, and more, refer to the Help documentation for the extension.

Insert HubSpot Data

To insert HubSpot data, define an instance of the mapped class and add it to the active session. Call the commit function on the session to push all added instances to HubSpot.

new_rec = Prospects(Slug="placeholder", Region="ONTARIO")
session.add(new_rec)
session.commit()

Update HubSpot Data

To update HubSpot data, fetch the desired record(s) with a filter query. Then, modify the values of the fields and call the commit function on the session to push the modified record to HubSpot.

updated_rec = session.query(Prospects).filter_by(SOME_ID_COLUMN="SOME_ID_VALUE").first()
updated_rec.Region = "ONTARIO"
session.commit()

Delete HubSpot Data

To delete HubSpot data, fetch the desired record(s) with a filter query. Then delete the record with the active session and call the commit function on the session to perform the delete operation on the provided recoreds (rows).

deleted_rec = session.query(Prospects).filter_by(SOME_ID_COLUMN="SOME_ID_VALUE").first()
session.delete(deleted_rec)
session.commit()

Free Trial & More Information

Download a free, 30-day trial of the HubSpot Python Connector to start building Python apps and scripts with connectivity to HubSpot data. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.