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Configure the CData JDBC Driver for MongoDB in a Connection Pool in Tomcat

Connect to MongoDB data from a connection pool in Tomcat.

The CData JDBC Drivers support standard JDBC interfaces to integrate with Web applications running on the JVM. This article details how to connect to MongoDB data from a connection pool in Tomcat.

Connect to MongoDB Data through a Connection Pool in Tomcat

  1. Copy the CData JAR and CData .lic file to $CATALINA_HOME/lib. The CData JAR is located in the lib subfolder of the installation directory.
  2. Add a definition of the resource to the context. Specify the JDBC URL here.

    Set the Server, Database, User, and Password connection properties to connect to MongoDB. To access MongoDB collections as tables you can use automatic schema discovery or write your own schema definitions. Schemas are defined in .rsd files, which have a simple format. You can also execute free-form queries that are not tied to the schema.

    Built-in Connection String Designer

    For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the MongoDB JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

    java -jar cdata.jdbc.mongodb.jar

    Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

    You can see the JDBC URL specified in the resource definition below.

    <Resource name="jdbc/mongodb" auth="Container" type="javax.sql.DataSource" driverClassName="cdata.jdbc.mongodb.MongoDBDriver" factory="org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSourceFactory" url="jdbc:mongodb:Server=MyServer;Port=27017;Database=test;User=test;Password=Password;" maxActive="20" maxIdle="10" maxWait="-1" />

    To allow a single application to access MongoDB data, add the code above to the context.xml in the application's META-INF directory.

    For a shared resource configuration, add the code above to the context.xml located in $CATALINA_BASE/conf. A shared resource configuration provides connectivity to MongoDB for all applications.

  3. Add a reference to the resource to the web.xml for the application. MongoDB data JSP jdbc/MongoDB javax.sql.DataSource Container
  4. Initialize connections from the connection pool: Context initContext = new InitialContext(); Context envContext = (Context)initContext.lookup("java:/comp/env"); DataSource ds = (DataSource)envContext.lookup("jdbc/MongoDB"); Connection conn = ds.getConnection();

More Tomcat Integration

The steps above show how to connect to MongoDB data in a simple connection pooling scenario. For more use cases and information, see the JNDI Datasource How-To in the Tomcat documentation.