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Work with MySQL Data in Apache Spark Using SQL

Access and process MySQL Data in Apache Spark using the CData JDBC Driver.

Apache Spark is a fast and general engine for large-scale data processing. When paired with the CData JDBC Driver for MySQL, Spark can work with live MySQL data. This article describes how to connect to and query MySQL data from a Spark shell.

The CData JDBC Driver offers unmatched performance for interacting with live MySQL data due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries to MySQL, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to MySQL and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. With built-in dynamic metadata querying, you can work with and analyze MySQL data using native data types.

Install the CData JDBC Driver for MySQL

Download the CData JDBC Driver for MySQL installer, unzip the package, and run the JAR file to install the driver.

Start a Spark Shell and Connect to MySQL Data

  1. Open a terminal and start the Spark shell with the CData JDBC Driver for MySQL JAR file as the jars parameter: $ spark-shell --jars /CData/CData JDBC Driver for MySQL/lib/cdata.jdbc.mysql.jar
  2. With the shell running, you can connect to MySQL with a JDBC URL and use the SQL Context load() function to read a table.

    The Server and Port properties must be set to a MySQL server. If IntegratedSecurity is set to false, then User and Password must be set to valid user credentials. Optionally, Database can be set to connect to a specific database. If not set, tables from all databases will be returned.

    Built-in Connection String Designer

    For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the MySQL JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

    java -jar cdata.jdbc.mysql.jar

    Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

    Configure the connection to MySQL, using the connection string generated above.

    scala> val mysql_df = spark.sqlContext.read.format("jdbc").option("url", "jdbc:mysql:User=myUser;Password=myPassword;Database=NorthWind;Server=myServer;Port=3306;").option("dbtable","Orders").option("driver","cdata.jdbc.mysql.MySQLDriver").load()
  3. Once you connect and the data is loaded you will see the table schema displayed.
  4. Register the MySQL data as a temporary table:

    scala> mysql_df.registerTable("orders")
  5. Perform custom SQL queries against the Data using commands like the one below:

    scala> mysql_df.sqlContext.sql("SELECT ShipName, Freight FROM Orders WHERE ShipCountry = USA").collect.foreach(println)

    You will see the results displayed in the console, similar to the following:

Using the CData JDBC Driver for MySQL in Apache Spark, you are able to perform fast and complex analytics on MySQL data, combining the power and utility of Spark with your data. Download a free, 30 day trial of any of the 200+ CData JDBC Drivers and get started today.