Natively Connect to MySQL Data in PHP

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MySQL ODBC Driver

The MySQL ODBC Driver is a powerful tool that allows you to connect with live MySQL data, directly from any applications that support ODBC connectivity.

Access MySQL databases from virtually anywhere through a standard ODBC Driver interface.



The CData ODBC driver for MySQL enables you to create PHP applications with connectivity to MySQL data. Leverage the native support for ODBC in PHP.

Drop the CData ODBC Driver for MySQL into your LAMP or WAMP stack to build MySQL-connected Web applications. This article shows how to use PHP's ODBC built-in functions to connect to MySQL data, execute queries, and output the results.

Configure a DSN

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs.

The Server and Port properties must be set to a MySQL server. If IntegratedSecurity is set to false, then User and Password must be set to valid user credentials. Optionally, Database can be set to connect to a specific database. If not set, tables from all databases will be returned.

Establish a Connection

Open the connection to MySQL by calling the odbc_connect or odbc_pconnect methods. To close connections, use odbc_close or odbc_close_all.

$conn = odbc_connect("CData ODBC MySQL Source","user","password");

Connections opened with odbc_connect are closed when the script ends. Connections opened with the odbc_pconnect method are still open after the script ends. This enables other scripts to share that connection when they connect with the same credentials. By sharing connections among your scripts, you can save system resources, and queries execute faster.

$conn = odbc_pconnect("CData ODBC MySQL Source","user","password"); ... odbc_close($conn); //persistent connection must be closed explicitly

Create Prepared Statements

Create prepared statements and parameterized queries with the odbc_prepare function.

$query = odbc_prepare($conn, "SELECT * FROM Orders WHERE ShipCountry = ?");

Execute Queries

Execute prepared statements with odbc_execute.

$conn = odbc_connect("CData ODBC MySQL Source","user","password"); $query = odbc_prepare($conn, "SELECT * FROM Orders WHERE ShipCountry = ?"); $success = odbc_execute($query, array('USA'));

Execute nonparameterized queries with odbc_exec.

$conn = odbc_connect("CData ODBC MySQL Source","user","password"); $query = odbc_exec($conn, "SELECT ShipName, Freight FROM Orders");

Process Results

Access a row in the result set as an array with the odbc_fetch_array function.

$conn = odbc_connect("CData ODBC MySQL data Source","user","password"); $query = odbc_exec($conn, "SELECT ShipName, Freight FROM Orders"); while($row = odbc_fetch_array($query)){ echo $row["ShipName"] . "\n"; }

Display the result set in an HTML table with the odbc_result_all function.

$conn = odbc_connect("CData ODBC MySQL data Source","user","password"); $query = odbc_prepare($conn, "SELECT * FROM Orders WHERE ShipCountry = ?"); $success = odbc_execute($query, array('USA')); if($success) odbc_result_all($query);

More Example Queries

You will find complete information on the driver's supported SQL in the help documentation. The code examples above are MySQL-specific adaptations of the PHP community documentation for all ODBC functions.