Access Redshift Data in PHP through Connect Server

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CData Connect Server


Connect to Redshift through the standard MySQL libraries in PHP.

You can use CData Connect Server to access Redshift data from MySQL clients, without needing to perform an ETL or cache data. Follow the steps below to create a virtual MySQL database for Redshift and connect to Redshift data in real time through PHP's standard MySQL interfaces, mysqli and PDO_MySQL.

CData Connect Server provides a pure MySQL, cloud-to-cloud interface for Redshift, allowing you to easily query live Redshift data in PHP — without replicating the data to a natively supported database. As you query data in PHP, CData Connect Server pushes all supported SQL operations (filters, JOINs, etc) directly to Redshift, leveraging server-side processing to quickly return Redshift data.

Create a Virtual MySQL Database for Redshift Data

CData Connect Server uses a straightforward, point-and-click interface to connect to data sources and generate APIs.

  1. Login to Connect Server and click Databases.
  2. Select "Redshift" from Available Data Sources.
  3. Enter the necessary authentication properties to connect to Redshift.

    To connect to Redshift, set the following:

    • Server: Set this to the host name or IP address of the cluster hosting the Database you want to connect to.
    • Port: Set this to the port of the cluster.
    • Database: Set this to the name of the database. Or, leave this blank to use the default database of the authenticated user.
    • User: Set this to the username you want to use to authenticate to the Server.
    • Password: Set this to the password you want to use to authenticate to the Server.

    You can obtain the Server and Port values in the AWS Management Console:

    1. Open the Amazon Redshift console (http://console.aws.amazon.com/redshift).
    2. On the Clusters page, click the name of the cluster.
    3. On the Configuration tab for the cluster, copy the cluster URL from the connection strings displayed.
  4. Click Test Database.
  5. Click Privileges -> Add and add the new user (or an existing user) with the appropriate permissions.

With the virtual database created, you are ready to connect to Redshift data from any MySQL client.

Connect in PHP

The following examples show how to use object-oriented interfaces to connect and execute queries. Initialize the connection object with the following parameters to connect to the virtual MySQL database:

  • Host: Specify the remote host location where the service is running. In this case "myinstance.cdatacloud.net" is used for the remote host setting since the service is running on the local machine.
  • Username: Specify the username for a user you authorized in Connect Server.
  • Password: Specify the password for the authorized user account.
  • Database Name: Specify the name of the virtual database you created for Redshift.
  • Port: Specify the port the service is running on, port 3306 in this example.

mysqli

<?php
$mysqli = mysqli_init();

$mysqli->ssl_set("C:/certs/cloudclient.key",
                 "C:/certs/cloudclient.pem",
                 "C:/certs/myCA.pem",
                 NULL,NULL);

$mysqli->real_connect("mysintance.cdatacloud.net", "admin", "mypassword", "redshiftdb",3306,NULL,MYSQLI_CLIENT_SSL_DONT_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT);
?>

PDO

<?php
$pdo = new PDO('mysql:host=myinstance.cdatacloud.net;dbname=redshiftdb;port=3306;','admin', 'mypassword', array(
    PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_KEY                => 'C:/certs/cloudclient.key',
    PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_CERT               => 'C:/certs/cloudclient.pem',
    PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_CA                 => 'C:/certs/myCA.pem',
    PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_VERIFY_SERVER_CERT => false
    )
);
?>

Query in PHP

With the connection established, you can then access tables. The following steps walk through the example:

  1. Query the table; for example, Orders. The results will be stored as an associative array in the $result object.
  2. Iterate over each row and column, printing the values to display in the PHP page.
  3. Close the connection.

mysqli

$result = $mysqli->query("SELECT ShipName, ShipCity FROM Orders");
while($row = $result->fetch_assoc()) {
  foreach ($row as $k=>$v) {
    echo "$k : $v";
    echo "<br />"; 
  }
}
$mysqli->close();

PDO

$result = $pdo->query("SELECT ShipName, ShipCity FROM Orders");
while($row = $result->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC)) {
  foreach ($row as $k=>$v) {
    echo "$k : $v";
    echo "<br />"; 
  }
}
$result = null;
$pdo = null;