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Integrate with SAP Netweaver Gateway Data using Apache Camel

Create a simple Java app that uses Apache Camel routing and the CData JDBC Driver to copy SAP Netweaver Gateway data to a JSON file on disk.

Apache Camel is an open source integration framework that allows you to integrate various systems consuming or producing data. When paired with the CData JDBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway, you can write Java apps that use Camel routes that integrate with live SAP Netweaver Gateway data. This article walks through creating an app in NetBeans that connects, queries, and routes SAP Netweaver Gateway data to a JSON file.

With built-in optimized data processing, the CData JDBC Driver offers unmatched performance for interacting with live SAP Netweaver Gateway data. When you issue complex SQL queries to SAP Netweaver Gateway, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to SAP Netweaver Gateway and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations). Its built-in dynamic metadata querying allows you to work with and analyze SAP Netweaver Gateway data using native data types.

Creating A New Maven/Java Project

Follow the steps below to create a new Java project and add the appropriate dependencies:

  1. Open NetBeans and create a new project.
  2. Select Maven from the categories list and Java Application from the projects list, then click Next.
  3. Name the project (and adjust any other properties) and click Finish.
  4. In the source package, create a new Java class (we used App.java for this article) and add the main method to the class.

Adding Project Dependencies

With the project created, we can start adding the dependencies needed to work with live SAP Netweaver Gateway data from our App. If you have not already done so, intall Maven in your environment, as it is required to add the JAR file for the CData JDBC Driver to your project.

Installing the CData JDBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway with Maven

  1. Download the CData JDBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway installer, unzip the package, and run the JAR file to install the driver.
  2. Use Maven to install the JDBC Driver as a connector.
    mvn install:install-file 
    	-Dfile="C:\Program Files\CData\CData JDBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway 2019\lib\cdata.jdbc.sapgateway.jar" 
    	-DgroupId="org.cdata.connectors" 
    	-DartifactId="cdata-sapgateway-connector" 
    	-Dversion="19" 
    	-Dpackaging=jar
    

Once the JDBC Driver is installed, we can add dependencies to our project. To add a dependency, you can either edit the pom.xml file or right-click the dependencies folder and click Add Dependency. The properties for each dependency follow, but you can search through the available libraries by typing the name of the dependency in the Query box in the Add Dependency wizard.

Required Dependencies

DependencyGroup IDArtifact IDVersion
camel-coreorg.apache.camelcamel-core3.0.0
camel-jacksonorg.apache.camelcamel-jackson3.0.0
camel-jdbcorg.apache.camelcamel-jdbc3.0.0
camel-jsonpathorg.apache.camelcamel-jsonpath3.0.0
cdata-sapgateway-connectororg.cdata.connectorscdata-salesforce-connector19
commons-dbcp2org.apache.commonscommons-dbcp22.7.0
slf4j-log4j12org.slf4jslf4j-log4j121.7.30
log4jorg.apache.logging.log4jlog4j2.12.1

Accessing SAP Netweaver Gateway Data in Java Apps with Camel

After adding the required dependencies, we can use the Java DSL (Domain Specific Language) to create routes with access to live SAP Netweaver Gateway data. Code snippets follow. Download the sample project (zip file) to follow along (make note of the TODO comments).

Start by importing the necessary classes into our main class.

import org.apache.camel.CamelContext;
import org.apache.camel.builder.RouteBuilder;
import org.apache.camel.impl.DefaultCamelContext;
import org.apache.camel.support.SimpleRegistry;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp2.BasicDataSource;
import org.apache.log4j.BasicConfigurator;

Then in the main method, we configure logging, create a new BasicDataSource and add it to the registry, create a new CamelContext, and finally add a route to the context. In this sample, we route SAP Netweaver Gateway data to a JSON file.

Configure Logging

BasicConfigurator.configure();

Create a BasicDataSource

Create a BasicDataSource and set the driver class name (cdata.jdbc.salesforce.SalesforceDriver) and URL (using the required connection properties).

SAP Gateway allows both basic and OAuth 2.0 authentication. You can use basic authentication to connect to your own account, or you can use OAuth to enable other users to retrieve data from your service with their accounts. In addition to authenticating, set the following connection properties to access SAP Gateway tables.

  • Url: Set this to the URL of your environment, or to the full URL of the service. For example, the full URL might appear as: https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com/sap/opu/odata/IWBEP/GWSAMPLE_BASIC/. In this example, the environment URL would just be: https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com.
  • Namespace: Set the appropriate Service Namespace. In the example above, IWBEP is the namespace. It is optional if the full URL to the service is specified.
  • Service: Set this to the service you want to retrieve data from. In the example above, the service is GWSAMPLE_BASIC. It is not required if the full URL is specified.

Authenticate via Basic Authentication

In basic authentication, you use your login credentials to connect. Set the following properties:

  • User: This is the username you use to log in to SAP Gateway.
  • Password: This is the password you use to log in to SAP Gateway.

Authenticate via OAuth Authentication

You can connect to SAP Gateway using the embedded OAuth connectivity (without setting any additional authentication connection properties). When you connect, the OAuth endpoint opens in your browser. Log in and grant permissions to complete the OAuth process. See the OAuth section in the online Help documentation for more information on other OAuth authentication flows.

BasicDataSource basic = new BasicDataSource();
basic.setDriverClassName("cdata.jdbc.sapgateway.SAPGatewayDriver");
basic.setUrl("jdbc:sapgateway:User=user;Password=password;URL=https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com/sap/opu/odata/IWBEP/GWSAMPLE_BASIC/;InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH");

The CData JDBC Driver includes a built-in connection string designer to help you configure the connection URL.

Built-in Connection String Designer

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the SAP Netweaver Gateway JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.sapgateway.jar

Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

Add the BasicDataSource to the Registry and Create a CamelContext

SimpleRegistry reg = new SimpleRegistry();
reg.bind("myDataSource", basic);

CamelContext context = new DefaultCamelContext(reg);

Add Routing to the CamelContext

The routing below uses a timer component to run one time and passes a SQL query to the JDBC Driver. The results are marshaled as JSON (and formatted for pretty print) and passed to a file component to write to disk as a JSON file.

context.addRoutes(new RouteBuilder() {
	@Override
	public void configure() {
		from("timer://foo?repeatCount=1")
			.setBody(constant("SELECT * FROM Account LIMIT 10"))
			.to("jdbc:myDataSource")
			.marshal().json(true)
			.to("file:C:\\Users\\USER\\Documents?fileName=account.json");
	}
});

Managing the CamelContext Lifecycle

With the route defined, start the CamelContext to begin the lifecycle. In this example, we wait 10 seconds and then shut down the context.

context.start();
Thread.sleep(10000);
context.stop();

Free Trial, Sample Project & Technical Support

Now, you have a working Java application that uses Camel to route data from SAP Netweaver Gateway to a JSON file. Download a free, 30-day trial of the CData JDBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway and the sample project (make note of the TODO comments) and start working with your live SAP Netweaver Gateway data in Apache Camel. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.