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Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) with SAP Netweaver Gateway Data Entities in Java

Object-relational mapping (ORM) techniques make it easier to work with relational data sources and can bridge your logical business model with your physical storage model. Follow this tutorial to integrate connectivity to SAP Netweaver Gateway data into a Java-based ORM framework, Hibernate.

You can use Hibernate to map object-oriented domain models to a traditional relational database. The tutorial below shows how to use the CData JDBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway to generate an ORM of your SAP Netweaver Gateway repository with Hibernate.

Though Eclipse is the IDE of choice for this article, the CData JDBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway works in any product that supports the Java Runtime Environment. In the Knowledge Base you will find tutorials to connect to SAP Netweaver Gateway data from IntelliJ IDEA and NetBeans.

Install Hibernate

Follow the steps below to install the Hibernate plug-in in Eclipse.

  1. In Eclipse, navigate to Help -> Install New Software.
  2. Enter "http://download.jboss.org/jbosstools/neon/stable/updates/" in the Work With box.
  3. Enter "Hibernate" into the filter box.
  4. Select Hibernate Tools.

Start A New Project

Follow the steps below to add the driver JARs in a new project.

  1. Create a new project. Select Java Project as your project type and click Next. Enter a project name and click Finish.
  2. Right-click the project and click Properties. Click Java Build Path and then open the Libraries tab.
  3. Click Add External JARs to add the cdata.jdbc.sapgateway.jar library, located in the lib subfolder of the installation directory.

Add a Hibernate Configuration File

Follow the steps below to configure connection properties to SAP Netweaver Gateway data.

  1. Right-click on the new project and select New -> Hibernate -> Hibernate Configuration File (cfg.xml).
  2. Select src as the parent folder and click Next.
  3. Input the following values:

    • Hibernate version:: 5.2
    • Database dialect: Derby
    • Driver class: cdata.jdbc.sapgateway.SAPGatewayDriver
    • Connection URL: A JDBC URL, starting with jdbc:sapgateway: and followed by a semicolon-separated list of connection properties.

      SAP Gateway allows both basic and OAuth 2.0 authentication. You can use basic authentication to connect to your own account, or you can use OAuth to enable other users to retrieve data from your service with their accounts. In addition to authenticating, set the following connection properties to access SAP Gateway tables.

      • Url: Set this to the URL of your environment, or to the full URL of the service. For example, the full URL might appear as: https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com/sap/opu/odata/IWBEP/GWSAMPLE_BASIC/. In this example, the environment URL would just be: https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com.
      • Namespace: Set the appropriate Service Namespace. In the example above, IWBEP is the namespace. It is optional if the full URL to the service is specified.
      • Service: Set this to the service you want to retrieve data from. In the example above, the service is GWSAMPLE_BASIC. It is not required if the full URL is specified.

      Authenticate via Basic Authentication

      In basic authentication, you use your login credentials to connect. Set the following properties:

      • User: This is the username you use to log in to SAP Gateway.
      • Password: This is the password you use to log in to SAP Gateway.

      Authenticate via OAuth Authentication

      You can connect to SAP Gateway using the embedded OAuth connectivity (without setting any additional authentication connection properties). When you connect, the OAuth endpoint opens in your browser. Log in and grant permissions to complete the OAuth process. See the OAuth section in the online Help documentation for more information on other OAuth authentication flows.

      Built-in Connection String Designer

      For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the SAP Netweaver Gateway JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

      java -jar cdata.jdbc.sapgateway.jar

      Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

      A typical JDBC URL is below:

      jdbc:sapgateway:User=user;Password=password;URL=https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com/sap/opu/odata/IWBEP/GWSAMPLE_BASIC/;InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH

Connect Hibernate to SAP Netweaver Gateway Data

Follow the steps below to select the configuration you created in the previous step.

  1. Switch to the Hibernate Configurations perspective: Window -> Open Perspective -> Hibernate.
  2. Right-click on the Hibernate Configurations panel and click Add Configuration.
  3. Set the Hibernate version to 5.2.
  4. Click the Browse button and select the project.
  5. For the Configuration file field, click Setup -> Use Existing and select the location of the hibernate.cfg.xml file (inside src folder in this demo).
  6. In the Classpath tab, if there is nothing under User Entries, click Add External JARS and add the driver jar once more. Click OK once the configuration is done.
  7. Expand the Database node of the newly created Hibernate configurations file.

Reverse Engineer SAP Netweaver Gateway Data

Follow the steps below to generate the reveng.xml configuration file. You will specify the tables you want to access as objects.

  1. Switch back to the Package Explorer.
  2. Right-click your project, select New -> Hibernate -> Hibernate Reverse Engineering File (reveng.xml). Click Next.
  3. Select src as the parent folder and click Next.
  4. In the Console configuration drop-down menu, select the Hibernate configuration file you created above and click Refresh.
  5. Expand the node and choose the tables you want to reverse engineer. Click Finish when you are done.

Configure Hibernate to Run

Follow the steps below to generate plain old Java objects (POJO) for the SAP Netweaver Gateway tables.

  1. From the menu bar, click Run -> Hibernate Code Generation -> Hibernate Code Generation Configurations.
  2. In the Console configuration drop-down menu, select the Hibernate configuration file you created in the previous section. Click Browse by Output directory and select src.
  3. Enable the Reverse Engineer from JDBC Connection checkbox. Click the Setup button, click Use Existing, and select the location of the hibernate.reveng.xml file (inside src folder in this demo).
  4. In the Exporters tab, check Domain code (.java) and Hibernate XML Mappings (hbm.xml).
  5. Click Run.

One or more POJOs are created based on the reverse-engineering setting in the previous step.

Insert Mapping Tags

For each mapping you have generated, you will need to create a mapping tag in hibernate.cfg.xml to point Hibernate to your mapping resource. Open hibernate.cfg.xml and insert the mapping tags as so:

cdata.sapgateway.SAPGatewayDriver jdbc:sapgateway:User=user;Password=password;URL=https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com/sap/opu/odata/IWBEP/GWSAMPLE_BASIC/;InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH org.hibernate.dialect.SQLServerDialect

Execute SQL

Using the entity you created from the last step, you can now search and modify SAP Netweaver Gateway data: import java.util.*; import org.hibernate.Session; import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration; import org.hibernate.query.Query; public class App { public static void main(final String[] args) { Session session = new Configuration().configure().buildSessionFactory().openSession(); String SELECT = "FROM SalesOrderLineItems S WHERE Quantity = :Quantity"; Query q = session.createQuery(SELECT, SalesOrderLineItems.class); q.setParameter("Quantity","15"); List<SalesOrderLineItems> resultList = (List<SalesOrderLineItems>) q.list(); for(SalesOrderLineItems s: resultList){ System.out.println(s.getProductID()); System.out.println(s.getQuantity()); } } }