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Connect to SAP Netweaver Gateway Data in Jaspersoft Studio

Execute SQL to remote SAP Netweaver Gateway data in Jaspersoft Studio.

This article shows how to connect to SAP Netweaver Gateway from Jaspersoft Studio as a standard JDBC data source with the CData JDBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway. You will use the standard Jaspersoft wizards to build SQL queries to SAP Netweaver Gateway. The queries are executed directly to the SAP Netweaver Gateway APIs, enabling real-time connectivity to SAP Netweaver Gateway data.

Connect to SAP Netweaver Gateway Data as a JDBC Data Source

To create a JDBC data source in Jaspersoft Studio, create a data adapter:

  1. In the Repository Explorer view, right-click the Data Adapters node and click Create Data Adapter.
  2. Select Database JDBC Connection.
  3. Enter a user-friendly name for the driver.
  4. On the Driver Classpath tab, click Add. In the resulting dialog, navigate to the lib subfolder of the installation directory. Select the driver JAR.
  5. On the Database Location tab, enter the class name of the JDBC driver: cdata.jdbc.sapgateway.SAPGatewayDriver.
  6. Enter the JDBC URL.

    SAP Gateway allows both basic and OAuth 2.0 authentication. You can use basic authentication to connect to your own account, or you can use OAuth to enable other users to retrieve data from your service with their accounts. In addition to authenticating, set the following connection properties to access SAP Gateway tables.

    • Url: Set this to the URL of your environment, or to the full URL of the service. For example, the full URL might appear as: https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com/sap/opu/odata/IWBEP/GWSAMPLE_BASIC/. In this example, the environment URL would just be: https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com.
    • Namespace: Set the appropriate Service Namespace. In the example above, IWBEP is the namespace. It is optional if the full URL to the service is specified.
    • Service: Set this to the service you want to retrieve data from. In the example above, the service is GWSAMPLE_BASIC. It is not required if the full URL is specified.

    Authenticate via Basic Authentication

    In basic authentication, you use your login credentials to connect. Set the following properties:

    • User: This is the username you use to log in to SAP Gateway.
    • Password: This is the password you use to log in to SAP Gateway.

    Authenticate via OAuth Authentication

    You can connect to SAP Gateway using the embedded OAuth connectivity (without setting any additional authentication connection properties). When you connect, the OAuth endpoint opens in your browser. Log in and grant permissions to complete the OAuth process. See the OAuth section in the online Help documentation for more information on other OAuth authentication flows.

    Built-in Connection String Designer

    For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the SAP Netweaver Gateway JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

    java -jar cdata.jdbc.sapgateway.jar

    Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

    When you configure the JDBC URL, you may also want to set the Max Rows connection property. This will limit the number of rows returned, which is especially helpful for improving performance when designing reports and visualizations.

    Below is a typical JDBC URL for SAP Netweaver Gateway:

    jdbc:sapgateway:User=user;Password=password;URL=https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com/sap/opu/odata/IWBEP/GWSAMPLE_BASIC/;InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH

Create Reports with SAP Netweaver Gateway Data

Follow the steps below to build an SQL query to SAP Netweaver Gateway, the basis of a simple report:

  1. Click File -> New Jasper Report. Select a template, select the parent project, and specify the report file.
  2. In the Data Adapter menu, select the data adapter you created in the previous section.
  3. In the Diagram tab, drag tables into the box and click the columns you want. Or, enter a custom query on the Texts tab. For example: SELECT ProductID, Quantity FROM SalesOrderLineItems WHERE Quantity < 15
  4. Select the fields you want to include in the dataset. This example uses all fields.
  5. Skip the Group By step and finish the wizard.

In the Preview tab, you can see the report as it would look with the current SAP Netweaver Gateway data.

Create a Chart

The following sections show how to create a chart tied to its own SQL query. When retrieving the data from the remote data source, more restrictive queries, written for specific report objects, can result in faster performance.

Create a DataSet

Follow the steps below to create a new dataset to populate the chart:

  1. In the report editing area, click the Design tab.
  2. In the Outline view, right-click the root node for the report and click Create Dataset.
  3. Enter a name for the dataset and click the option to create a new dataset from a connection or data source.
  4. In the Data Adapter menu, select the data adapter you created in the first section.
  5. Enter a query such as the following:

    SELECT ProductID, Quantity FROM SalesOrderLineItems WHERE Quantity < 15
  6. Select the fields you want in the dataset. This example uses ProductID and Quantity.
  7. Skip the step to group by fields and finish the wizard.

Configure the Chart

After adding the dataset, follow the steps below to map column values to the chart axes in the chart wizard:

  1. Click the Summary node in the Outline view. In the Properties view, set the height to 400 pixels. The summary band is printed at the end of the report.
  2. Drag a chart from the Palette onto the summary. The chart wizard is displayed.
  3. Select the chart type. This example uses a bar chart.
  4. In the Dataset menu, select the dataset you created for the chart.
  5. In the Dataset tab, select the option to use the same JDBC connection used to fill the master report.
  6. Specify the chart's series: Click the button next to the Series menu and click Add. In the Expression Editor that is displayed, double-click the ProductID column to set the expression to $F{ProductID}.
  7. Specify the y-axis values: In the chart wizard, click the button next to the Value box. In the Expression Editor, double-click Quantity to set the expression to $F{Quantity}.

  8. Specify the labels for the series elements: In the chart wizard, click the button next to the Label box. In the Expression Editor, double-click the ProductID column to set the expression to $F{ProductID}. If needed, convert the column type to string, as in the following expression: $F{ProductID}.toString()
  9. Expand the chart to fill the summary section: right-click the chart and click Size to Container -> Fit Both.

Running the Report

You can now generate reports on SAP Netweaver Gateway data just as you would any other JDBC data source. Jaspersoft Studio periodically refreshes the data across report runs.