Connect to SQL Server Data in JRuby

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SQL Server Driver

Rapidly create and deploy powerful Java applications that integrate with Microsoft SQL Server.



Create a simple JRuby app with access to live SQL Server data.

JRuby is a high-performance, stable, fully threaded Java implementation of the Ruby programming language. The CData JDBC Driver for SQL Server makes it easy to integrate connectivity to live SQL Server data in JRuby. This article shows how to create a simple JRuby app that connects to SQL Server data, executes a query, and displays the results.

Configure a JDBC Connection to SQL Server Data

Before creating the app, note the installation location for the JAR file for the JDBC Driver (typically C:\Program Files\CData\CData JDBC Driver for SQL Server\lib).

JRuby natively supports JDBC, so you can easily connect to SQL Server and execute SQL queries. Initialize the JDBC connection with the getConnection function of the java.sql.DriverManager class.

Connecting to Microsoft SQL Server

Connect to Microsoft SQL Server using the following properties:

  • Server: The name of the server running SQL Server.
  • User: The username provided for authentication with SQL Server.
  • Password: The password associated with the authenticating user.
  • Database: The name of the SQL Server database.

Connecting to Azure SQL Server and Azure Data Warehouse

You can authenticate to Azure SQL Server or Azure Data Warehouse by setting the following connection properties:

  • Server: The server running Azure. You can find this by logging into the Azure portal and navigating to "SQL databases" (or "SQL data warehouses") -> "Select your database" -> "Overview" -> "Server name."
  • User: The name of the user authenticating to Azure.
  • Password: The password associated with the authenticating user.
  • Database: The name of the database, as seen in the Azure portal on the SQL databases (or SQL warehouses) page.

Built-in Connection String Designer

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the SQL Server JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.sql.jar

Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

Below is a typical JDBC connection string for SQL Server:

jdbc:sql:User=myUser;Password=myPassword;Database=NorthWind;Server=myServer;Port=1433;

Create a JRuby App with Connectivity to SQL Server Data

Create a new Ruby file (for example: SQLSelect.rb) and open it in a text editor. Copy the following code into your file:

require 'java' require 'rubygems' require 'C:/Program Files/CData/CData JDBC Driver for SQL Server 2018/lib/cdata.jdbc.sql.jar' url = "jdbc:sql:User=myUser;Password=myPassword;Database=NorthWind;Server=myServer;Port=1433;" conn = java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(url) stmt = conn.createStatement rs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT ShipName, Freight FROM Orders") while (rs.next) do puts rs.getString(1) + ' ' + rs.getString(2) end

With the file completed, you are ready to display your SQL Server data with JRuby. To do so, simply run your file from the command line:

jruby -S SQLSelect.rb

Writing SQL-92 queries to SQL Server allows you to quickly and easily incorporate SQL Server data into your own JRuby applications. Download a free trial today!