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DataBind Charts to UPS Data

Use the standard ADO.NET procedures for databinding to provide bidirectional access to UPS data from controls in the Visual Studio toolbox. This article demonstrates a graphical approach using wizards in Visual Studio, as well as how to databind with only a few lines of code.

DataBinding enables bidirectional access to data from UI controls. You can use the CData ADO.NET Provider for UPS to easily databind UPS data to Windows Forms and Web controls in Visual Studio. This article shows how to use wizards to databind UPS data to a chart that reflects any changes. The code walk-through section shows how to create a chart in 10 lines of code.

DataBind to a Chart

DataBinding consists of three steps: Instantiate the control, configure the data source, and databind.

Configure the Connection and Select Database Objects

Follow the procedure below to use the Data Source Configuration Wizard to create a chart control and the connection to UPS. In the wizard, you can select the UPS entities you want to databind.

  1. In a Windows Forms project, drag and drop a Chart control from the toolbox to the form. In the Data section of the Chart properties, select DataSource and then select Add Project Data Source from the menu.
  2. In the Data Source Configuration Wizard that appears, select Database -> Dataset.
  3. In the Choose Your Data Connection step, click New Connection.
  4. In the Add Connection dialog, click Change to select the CData UPS Data Source.

    Below is a typical connection string:

    Server=https://wwwcie.ups.com/ups.app/xml;AccessKey=myAccessKey;Password=myPassword;AccountNumber=myAccountNumber;UserId=myUserIdInitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH

    The driver uses five pieces of information in order to authenticate its actions with the UPS service.

    • Server: This controls the URL where the requests should be sent. Common testing options for this are: https://wwwcie.ups.com/ups.app/xml and https://wwwcie.ups.com/webservices
    • AccessKey: This is an identifier that is required to connect to a UPS Server. This value will be provided to you by UPS after registration.
    • UserId: This value is used for logging into UPS. This value is the one you chose to login with when registering for service with UPS.
    • Password: This value is used for logging into UPS. This value is the one you chose to login with when registering for service with UPS.
    • AccountNumber: This is a valid 6-digit or 10-digit UPS account number.
    • PrintLabelLocation: This property is required if one intends to use the GenerateLabels or GenerateReturnLabels stored procedures. This should be set to the folder location where generated labels should be stored.

    When you configure the connection, you may also want to set the Max Rows connection property. This will limit the number of rows returned, which is especially helpful for improving performance when designing reports and visualizations.

  5. Choose the database objects you want to work with. This example uses the Senders table.

DataBind

After adding the data source and selecting database objects, you can bind the objects to the chart. This example assigns the x-axis to FirstName and the y-axis to Phone.

  1. In the Chart properties, click the button in the Series property to open the Series Collection Editor.
  2. In the Series properties, select the columns you want for the x- and y-axes: Select columns from the menu in the XValueMember and YValueMember properties.

The chart is now databound to the UPS data. Run the chart to display the current data.

Code Walk-through

DataBinding to UPS data requires only a few lines of code and can be completed in three easy steps.

  1. Connect to UPS.
  2. Create the UPSDataAdapter to execute the query and create a DataSet to be filled with its results.
  3. DataBind the result set to the chart.

Below is the complete code:

UPSConnection conn = new UPSConnection("Server=https://wwwcie.ups.com/ups.app/xml;AccessKey=myAccessKey;Password=myPassword;AccountNumber=myAccountNumber;UserId=myUserIdInitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH"); UPSCommand comm = new UPSCommand("SELECT FirstName, Phone FROM Senders WHERE SenderID = '25'", conn); UPSDataAdapter da = new UPSDataAdapter(comm); DataSet dataset = new DataSet(); da.Fill(dataset); chart1.DataSource = dataset; chart1.Series[0].XValueMember = "FirstName"; chart1.Series[0].YValueMembers = "Phone"; // Insert code for additional chart formatting here. chart1.DataBind();