Use the CData ODBC Driver for USPS in SAS JMP

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USPS ODBC Driver

The USPS ODBC Driver is a powerful tool that allows you to connect with live data from USPS, directly from any applications that support ODBC connectivity.

Access USPS data like you would a database - read, write, and update USPS Packages, Shipments, Recipients, etc. through a standard ODBC Driver interface.



You can use the CData ODBC Driver to integrate USPS data into the statistical analysis tools available in SAS JMP. This article shows how to use USPS data in the Graph Builder and Query Builder.

You can use the CData ODBC Driver for USPS to integrate live data into your statistical analysis with SAS JMP. The driver proxies your queries directly to the USPS API, ensuring that your analysis reflects any changes to the data. The CData ODBC Driver supports the standard SQL used by JMP in the background as you design reports.

The USPS API supports bidirectional access. This article shows how to access USPS data into a report and create data visualization. It also shows how to use SQL to query and manipulate USPS data from the JMP Query Builder.

Access USPS Data as an ODBC Data Source

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs.

To authenticate with USPS, set the following connection properties.

  • PostageProvider: The postage provider to use to process requests. Available options are ENDICIA and STAMPS. If unspecified, this property will default to ENDICIA.
  • UseSandbox: This controls whether live or test requests are sent to the production or sandbox servers. If set to true, the Password, AccountNumber, and StampsUserId properties are ignored.
  • StampsUserId: This value is used for logging into authentication to the Stamps servers. This value is not applicable for Endicia and is optional if UseSandbox is true.
  • Password: This value is used for logging into Endicia and Stamps servers. If the postage provider is Endicia, this will be the pass phrase associated with your postage account. It is optional if UseSandbox is true.
  • AccountNumber: The shipper's account number. It is optional if UseSandbox is true.
  • PrintLabelLocation: This property is required to use the GenerateLabels or GenerateReturnLabels stored procedures. This should be set to the folder location where generated labels should be stored.

The Cache Database

Many of the useful task available from USPS require a lot of data. To ensure this data is easy to input and recall later, utilize a cache database to make requests. Set the cache connection properties in order to use the cache:

  • CacheLocation: The path to the cache location, for which a connection will be configured with the default cache provider. For example, C:/users/username/documents/uspscache

As an alternative to CacheLocation, set the combination of CacheConnection and CacheProvider to configure a cache connection using a provider separate from the default.

When you configure the DSN, you may also want to set the Max Rows connection property. This will limit the number of rows returned, which is especially helpful for improving performance when designing reports and visualizations.

Import USPS Data with the Query Builder

After you have created the USPS DSN, you can use SQL to invoke the capabilities of the USPS API. Follow the steps below to execute some supported queries in the Query Builder:

  1. In SAS JMP, click File -> Database -> Query Builder. The Select Database Connection dialog is displayed.
  2. Click New Connection.
  3. On the Machine Data Source tab, select the DSN. In the next step, the Select Tables for Query dialog is displayed.
  4. In the Available Tables section, select a table and click Primary.
  5. As you drag Available Columns to the Included Columns tab, the underlying SQL query is updated.
  6. Click Run Query to display the data.
  7. To refresh the results with the current data, right-click Update from Database and click Run Script.

Manipulate USPS Data

You can execute data manipulation queries from JSL scripts such as the one below. To execute a script, click New Script in the toolbar. To connect, specify the DSN. You can then use the standard SQL syntax:

Open Database( "DSN=CData USPS Source;", "INSERT INTO Senders (SenderID) VALUES ('25');");

Visualize USPS Data

After importing, you can use the Graph Builder to create graphs visually. To open the Graph Builder, click the Graph Builder button in the toolbar.

  1. Drag a dimension column onto the x axis. For example, FirstName.
  2. Drag a measure column onto the y axis. For example, Phone.
  3. Select a chart type. For example, a bar chart.