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Connect to JSON in SpagoBI

Create reports featuring live JSON services in SpagoBI Studio. Host JSON reports on SpagoBI Server.

The CData JDBC Driver for JSON enables you to connect to live JSON services from business intelligence and data mining tools that support the JDBC standard. This article shows how to integrate JSON services into a report in SpagoBI Studio and host it on SpagoBI Server.

Deploy the JDBC Driver in SpagoBI Server

Follow the steps to create a JDBC data source for JSON in SpagoBI Server.

  1. Copy the driver JAR into %CATALINA_BASE%/lib. These files are located in the lib subfolder of the installation directory.
  2. Add a JSON driver resource to the context. The following resource definition can be added to the GlobalNamingResources element in server.xml: <Resource name="jdbc/json" auth="Container" type="javax.sql.DataSource" driverclassname="cdata.jdbc.json.JSONDriver" factory="org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSourceFactory" maxactive="20" maxidle="10" maxwait="-1"/>

    データソースへの認証については、ヘルプドキュメントの「はじめに」を参照してください。本製品は、JSON API を双方向データベーステーブルとして、JSON ファイルを読み取り専用ビュー(ローカル ファイル、一般的なクラウドサービスに保存されているファイル、FTP サーバー)としてモデル化します。HTTP Basic、Digest、NTLM、OAuth、FTP などの主要な認証スキームがサポートされています。詳細はヘルプドキュメントの「はじめに」を参照してください。

    URI を設定して認証値を入力したら、DataModel を設定してデータ表現とデータ構造をより厳密に一致させます。

    DataModel プロパティは、データをどのようにテーブルに表現するかを制御するプロパティで、次の基本設定を切り替えます。

    • Document(デフォルト):JSON データのトップレベルのドキュメントビューをモデル化します。本製品 は、ネストされたオブジェクト配列を集約されたJSON オブジェクトとして返します。
    • FlattenedDocuments:ネストされた配列オブジェクトと親オブジェクトを、単一テーブルに暗黙的に結合します。
    • Relational:階層データから個々の関連テーブルを返します。テーブルには、親ドキュメントにリンクする主キーと外部キーが含まれています。

    リレーショナル表現の設定についての詳細は、ヘルプドキュメントの「JSON データのモデリング」を参照してください。また、以下の例で使用されているサンプルデータも確認できます。データには人や所有する車、それらの車に行われたさまざまなメンテナンスサービスのエントリが含まれています。

    See the help documentation for more information on obtaining the required connection properties.
  3. Add the following resource link to give access to Web applications. For this article, add the following line to META-INF\context.xml for SpagoBI. <ResourceLink global="jdbc/json" name="jdbc/json" type="javax.sql.DataSource"/>
  4. Restart the server.

After adding the driver to the resources for the SpagoBI server, add the data source: In SpagoBI, click Resources -> Data Source -> Add and enter the following information:

  • Label: Enter a unique identifier for the driver.
  • Description: Enter a description for the driver.
  • Dialect: Select Default Dialect.
  • Read Only: Select the read-only option. This option determines whether the data source is the default database to save datasets created by the end user.
  • Type: Select JDBC.
  • URL: Enter the JDBC URL. A typical JDBC URL is below: jdbc:json:URI=C:\people.json;DataModel=Relational; See the help documentation for a guide to obtaining the required connection properties.
  • Driver: Enter the class name for the driver: cdata.jdbc.json.JSONDriver

Create Reports in SpagoBI Studio

Follow the steps below to populate reports based on JSON services in SpagoBI Studio. You will create a dataset that populates a chart with the results of an SQL query. In the next section, you will host this report on SpagoBI Server.

First, you will need to connect to JSON services from a report in SpagoBI Studio:

  1. In SpagoBI Studio, click File -> New -> Project and select Report Project in the Business Intelligence and Reporting Tools folder.
  2. Click File -> New -> Report and select Blank Report.
  3. In the Data Explorer view, right-click Data Sources and click New Data Source.
  4. Select JDBC Data Source and enter a name for the data source.
  5. Click Manage Drivers and click Add to add the driver JAR, cdata.jdbc.json.jar. The driver JAR is located in the lib subfolder of the installation directory.
  6. In the Driver Class menu, select the driver class, cdata.jdbc.json.JSONDriver.
  7. In the Database URL box, enter the JDBC URL. A typical JDBC URL is below: jdbc:json:URI=C:\people.json;DataModel=Relational; See the "Getting Started" chapter of the driver help for a guide to obtaining the required connection properties.

After you have connected to JSON services, create a dataset that contains the results of an SQL query:

  1. Right-click the DataSet folder and click New Data Set. Select the JDBC data source for JSON and enter a name for the dataset.
  2. Build the SQL query. In this example, this query will be used to add a chart to the dashboard. For example: SELECT [ personal.name.first ], [ personal.name.last ] FROM people

You can use the dataset to populate report objects. Follow the steps below to create a chart.

  1. In the Palette view, drag a chart onto the canvas.
  2. In the Select Chart Type tab, select a bar chart.
  3. In the Select Data tab, click the Use Data From option and select the JSON data set from the menu.
  4. Drag [ personal.name.first ] from the table to the series for the x-axis.
  5. Drag [ personal.name.last ] from the table to the series for the y-axis.

Host JSON Reports on SpagoBI Server

Follow the steps below to host documents based on live JSON services on SpagoBI Server. You will use the report you created in the previous section as a template. To enable report users to access the live data, create placeholder parameters to be replaced by the JSON JDBC data source on the server:

  1. If you have not already done so, open the Report Design perspective in SpagoBI Studio.
  2. In the Data Explorer view, right-click the Report Parameters folder and click New Parameter. Add the url parameter and assign an empty value to it. This parameter is a placeholder for the JDBC data source on the SpagoBI Server.
  3. Right-click the JSON data source and click Edit.
  4. In the Property Binding node, set the JDBC Driver URL binding property to the url parameter: Click the box for the property. In the Category section, select Report Parameters. Select All in the Subcategory section and double-click the parameter.

    You can also enter the following in the JavaScript syntax:

    params["url"].value

Next, create a new document for the report on SpagoBI Server.

  1. In SpagoBI Server, click Documents Development -> Create Document -> Generic Document. The Document Details page is displayed.
  2. To create the document, enter the following:
    • Label: Enter a unique identifier for the document.
    • Name: Enter a user-friendly name for the document.
    • Type: Select Report from the menu.
    • Engine: Select BIRT Report Engine.
    • Data Source: Select the JSON Data Source you created in Create a JDBC Data Source for JSON in SpagoBI Server.
  3. In the Show Document Templates section, select the folder where you want the document to be stored.
  4. In the Template section, click Choose File. Navigate to the folder containing your report project. Select the .rptdesign file.

    Note: You can find the path to the project in the project properties.

  5. Click the Save button.

When you run the report on the server, the placeholder url parameter is replaced with the JDBC URL defined on the server.

 
 
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