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GmailData のPostgreSQL インターフェース

Gmail JDBC Driver のRemoting 機能を使用して、データアクセス用のPostgreSQL エントリポイントを作成します。

インターネット上には利用可能な膨大な数のPostgreSQL クライアントがあります。標準のドライバーからBI および分析ツールまで、PostgreSQL はデータアクセスのための人気の高いインタフェースです。 JDBC ドライバーを使用して、標準クライアントから接続できるPostgreSQL エントリポイントを作成することができます。

PostgreSQL データベースとしてGmail data にアクセスするには、CData JDBC Driver for Gmail とJDBC 外部データラッパー(FDW)を使用します。ここでは、FDW をコンパイルしてインストールし、PostgreSQL サーバーからGmail data をクエリします。

JDBC データソースにGmail Data を設定

To connect to Gmail as a JDBC data source, you will need the following:

  • Driver JAR path: The JAR is located in the lib subfolder of the installation directory.
  • Driver class: cdata.jdbc.gmail.GmailDriver

  • JDBC URL: The URL must start with "jdbc:gmail:" and can include any of the connection properties in name-value pairs separated with semicolons.

    There are two ways to authenticate to Gmail. Before selecting one, first ensure that you have enabled IMAP access in your Gmail account settings. See the "Connecting to Gmail" section under "Getting Started" in the installed documentation for a guide.

    The User and Password properties, under the Authentication section, can be set to valid Gmail user credentials.

    Alternatively, instead of providing the Password, you can use the OAuth authentication standard. To access Google APIs on behalf on individual users, you can use the embedded credentials or you can register your own OAuth app.

    OAuth also enables you to use a service account to connect on behalf of users in a Google Apps domain. To authenticate with a service account, you will need to register an application to obtain the OAuth JWT values.

    In addition to the OAuth values, you will need to provide the User. See the "Getting Started" chapter in the help documentation for a guide to using OAuth.

    ビルトイン接続文字列デザイナー

    For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the Gmail JDBC Driver.Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

    java -jar cdata.jdbc.gmail.jar

    Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

    A typical JDBC URL is below:

    jdbc:gmail:User=username;Password=password;

JDBC Foreign Data Wrapper をビルド

The Foreign Data Wrapper can be installed as an extension to PostgreSQL, without recompiling PostgreSQL.The jdbc2_fdw extension is used as an example.

  1. Add a symlink from the shared object for your version of the JRE to /usr/lib/libjvm.so.For example: ln -s /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk/jre/lib/amd64/server/libjvm.so /usr/lib/libjvm.so
  2. Start the build: make install USE_PGXS=1

Gmail Data をPostgreSQL データベースとしてクエリ

After you have installed the extension, follow the steps below to start executing queries to Gmail data:

  1. Log into your database.
  2. Load the extension for the database: CREATE EXTENSION jdbc2_fdw;
  3. Create a server object for Gmail: CREATE SERVER Gmail FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER jdbc2_fdw OPTIONS ( drivername 'cdata.jdbc.gmail.GmailDriver', url 'jdbc:gmail:User=username;Password=password;', querytimeout '15', jarfile '/home/MyUser/CData/CData\ JDBC\ Driver\ for\ Salesforce MyDriverEdition/lib/cdata.jdbc.gmail.jar');
  4. Create a user mapping for the username and password of a user known to the MySQL daemon. CREATE USER MAPPING for postgres SERVER Gmail OPTIONS ( username 'admin', password 'test');
  5. Create a foreign table in your local database: postgres=# CREATE FOREIGN TABLE inbox ( inbox_id text, inbox_Subject text, inbox_Size numeric) SERVER Gmail OPTIONS ( table_name 'inbox');
You can now execute read/write commands to Gmail: postgres=# SELECT * FROM inbox;
 
 
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