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PolyBase で外部データソースとしてExcel Online を連携利用

CData ODBC Driver for Excel Online とSQL Server 2019 のPolyBase を使って、リアルタイムExcel Online data に外部データソースとしてアクセス。

SQL Server のPolyBase は、データベーステーブルをクエリするTransact-SQL シンタックスを使って、外部データにクエリする仕組みです。 CData ODBC Drivers for Excel Online data を組み合わせて使うことで、SQL Server データと同じようにExcel Online data へのアクセスが可能です。 本記事では、PolyBase 外部データソースへのExcel Online data の設定から、T-SQL クエリを使ったExcel Online data へのアクセスを行います。

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live Excel Online data using PolyBase due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SQL Server to Excel Online, the driver pushes down supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Excel Online and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. And with PolyBase, you can also join SQL Server data with Excel Online data, using a single query to pull data from distributed sources.

Excel Online への接続

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs. To create an external data source in SQL Server using PolyBase, configure a System DSN (CData Excel Online Sys is created automatically).

ワークブックに接続するには、Excel Online への認証を提供し、 次のプロパティを設定します。

  • Workbook: ワークブックの名前かId に設定。利用可能なワークブックに関する情報のリストを表示する場合は、認証後にWorkbooks ビューに対してクエリを実行します。

  • UseSandbox: Sandbox アカウントのワークブックに接続している場合はtrue に設定。それ以外の場合は、これを空のままにしてプロダクションアカウントに接続します。

OAuth 認証を使うこともできます。ユーザー資格情報の接続プロパティを設定せずに接続できます。接続すると、本製品はデフォルトブラウザでOAuth エンドポイントを開きます。ログインして、本製品にアクセス許可を与えます。本製品がOAuth プロセスを完了します。 他のOAuth 認証フローについては、ヘルプドキュメントの「OAuth 認証の使用」を参照してください。

Click "Test Connection" to ensure that the DSN is connected to Excel Online properly. Navigate to the Tables tab to review the table definitions for Excel Online.

Excel Online Data の外部データソースの作成

After configuring the connection, you need to create a master encryption key and a credential database for the external data source.

Creating a Master Encryption Key

Execute the following SQL command to create a new master key, 'ENCRYPTION,' to encrypt the credentials for the external data source.

CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'password';

Creating a Credential Database

Execute the following SQL command to create credentials for the external data source connected to Excel Online data.

NOTE: Since Excel Online does not require a User or Password to authenticate, you may use whatever values you wish for IDENTITY and SECRET.

CREATE DATABASE SCOPED CREDENTIAL excelonline_creds
WITH IDENTITY = 'username', SECRET = 'password';

Create an External Data Source for Excel Online

Execute the following SQL command to create an external data source for Excel Online with PolyBase, using the DSN and credentials configured earlier.

For Excel Online, set SERVERNAME to 'localhost' or '127.0.0.1' and leave PORT empty. PUSHDOWN is set to ON by default, meaning the ODBC Driver can leverage server-side processing for complex queries.

CREATE EXTERNAL DATA SOURCE cdata_excelonline_source
WITH ( 
  LOCATION = 'odbc://SERVERNAME[:PORT]',
  CONNECTION_OPTIONS = 'DSN=CData Excel Online Sys',
  -- PUSHDOWN = ON | OFF,
  CREDENTIAL = excelonline_creds
);

Excel Online のExternal Table を作成

After creating the external data source, use CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE statements to link to Excel Online data from your SQL Server instance. The table column definitions must match those exposed by the CData ODBC Driver for Excel Online. You can refer to the Tables tab of the DSN Configuration Wizard to see the table definition.

Sample CREATE TABLE Statement

The statement to create an external table based on a Excel Online Test_xlsx_Sheet1 would look similar to the following:

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE Test_xlsx_Sheet1(
  Id [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  Column1 [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  ...
) WITH ( 
  LOCATION='Test_xlsx_Sheet1',
  DATA_SOURCE=cdata_excelonline_source
);

Having created external tables for Excel Online in your SQL Server instance, you are now able to query local and remote data simultaneously. Thanks to built-in query processing in the CData ODBC Driver, you know that as much query processing as possible is being pushed to Excel Online, freeing up local resources and computing power. Download a free, 30-day trial of the ODBC Driver for Excel Online and start working with live Excel Online data alongside your SQL Server data today.

 
 
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