CData ODBC Driver for Active Directory を使って、SAS からリアルタイムActive Directory 連携レポートや分析を実施

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Active Directory ODBC Driver

Active Directory ODBC ドライバーは、ODBC 接続をサポートする任意のアプリケーションからリアルタイムなActive Directory に直接接続できるパワフルなツールです。標準のODBC ドライバーインタフェースを使用して、データベースのようにActive Directory オブジェクトにアクセスし、ユーザー、グループ、ロール、連絡先にアクセスしたり、任意のObjectClass のカスタムテーブルを定義し、SQL クエリーを実行できます。

CData ODBC Driver for Active Directory を使って、SAS からActive Directory データを連携利用。

SAS は、高度なアナリティクス、BI、データ管理、予測分析のためのソフトウェアです。SAS とCData ODBC Driver for Active Directory を合わせて使うことで、SAS からリアルタイムActive Directory data へのアクセスが可能になります。本記事では、SAS でActive Directory のライブラリを作成し、データベースのようにデータを扱い、レポートを作成します。

The CData ODBC Driver offers unmatched performance for interacting with live Active Directory data in SAS due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SAS to Active Directory, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Active Directory and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. With built-in dynamic metadata querying, you can easily visualize and analyze Active Directory data in SAS.


Connect to Active Directory as an ODBC Data Source

Information for connecting to Active Directory follows, along with different instructions for configuring a DSN in Windows and Linux environments (the ODBC Driver for Active Directory must be installed on the machine hosting the SAS System).


  • 有効な User およびPassword 情報 (e.g., Domain\BobF or cn=Bob F,ou=Employees,dc=Domain)。
  • 接続するServer のIP、ホスト名、Port を含むServer 情報。
  • BaseDN: 指定されたname にLDAP 検索の範囲を制限します。

    Note: BaseDN を狭い範囲に設定することで大幅にパフォーマンスを改善できます。例えば、cn=users,dc=domain は、cn=users およびその子の範囲に戻り値の結果を制限します。

When you configure the DSN, you may also want to set the Max Rows connection property. This will limit the number of rows returned, which is especially helpful for improving performance when designing reports and visualizations.


If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs.


If you are installing the CData ODBC Driver for Active Directory in a Linux environment, the driver installation predefines a system DSN. You can modify the DSN by editing the system data sources file (/etc/odbc.ini) and defining the required connection properties.


[CData ActiveDirectory Sys] Driver = CData ODBC Driver for Active Directory Description = My Description User = cn = Bob F,ou = Employees,dc = Domain Password = bob123 Server = Port = 389

For specific information on using these configuration files, please refer to the help documentation (installed and found online).

Create a Active Directory Library in SAS

Connect to Active Directory in SAS by adding a library based on the CData ODBC Driver for Active Directory.

  1. Open SAS and expand Libraries in the Explorer pane.
  2. In the Active Libraries window, right-click and select New.
  3. Name your library (odbclib), select ODBC as the Engine, and click to Enable at startup (if you want the library to persist between sessions).
  4. Set Data Source to the DSN you previously configured and click OK.

Create a View from a Active Directory Query

SAS natively supports querying data either using a low-code, point-and-click Query tool or programmatically with PROC SQL and a custom SQL query. When you create a View in SAS, the defining query is executed each time the view is queried. This means that you always query live Active Directory data for reports, charts, and analytics.

Using the Query Tool

  1. In SAS, click Tools -> Query
  2. Select the table sources and the table(s) you wish to pull data from. Then, click OK.
  3. Select columns and right-click to add filtering, ordering, grouping, etc.
  4. Create a local view to contain the query results by right-clicking the SQL Query Tool window, selecting Show Query, and clicking Create View. Name the View and click OK.


  1. In SAS, navigate to the Editor window.
  2. Use PROC SQL to query the data and create a local view.
    NOTE: This procedure creates a view in the Work library. You can optionally specify a library in the create view statement.
    proc sql;
      create view user_view as
        CN = 'Administrator';
  3. Click Run -> Submit to execute the query and create a local view.

Report On or Visualize Active Directory Data in SAS

With a local view created, you can report, visualize, or otherwise analyze Active Directory data using the powerful SAS features. Print a simple report using PROC PRINT and create a basic graph based on the data using PROC GCHART.

Print an HTML Report

  1. In SAS, navigate to the Editor window.
  2. Use PROC PRINT to print an HTML report for the Active Directory User data.
    proc print data=user;
      title "Active Directory User Data";

Print a Chart

  1. In SAS, navigate to the Editor window.
  2. Use PROC GCHART to create a chart for the User data.
    proc gchart data=user;
      pie id / sumvar=logoncount
          percent=inside plabel=(height=12pt)
          slice=inside value=none