Power Apps でAthena データを連携利用

本記事では、Power Apps からデータベースのようにリアルタイム接続を行う方法を説明します。

Microsoft PowerApps は、データに連携するモバイルおよびタブレット向けアプリをドラッグ&ドロップとリッチな関数で実現します。CData API ServerとADO.NET Provider for Athena (もしくは200+ の他のADO.NET Providers) を組み合わせて使い、PowerApps のリモートデータソースへの連携機能を拡張することができます。PowerApps のCommon Data Service に別途データをコピーする必要はありません。CData API Server は、Athena データにデータベースのようなアクセスを可能にし、SaaS API やNoSQL をインメモリのSQL-92 エンジンで操作できるようにします。

CData API Server はSwagger のメタデータ標準をサポートします。Azure App Service、Microsoft Flow、およびPowerApps でSwagger メタデータからのUI 生成やコード生成が可能です。Swagger 定義を使えば、PowerApps からAthena に連携する関数が生成できます。本記事では、それらの関数をPowerApps から使って、リモートのAthena data に連携する方法を説明します。

Set Up the API Server

Follow the steps below to begin producing secure Athena OData services:

Deploy

The API Server runs on your own server. On Windows, you can deploy using the stand-alone server or IIS. On a Java servlet container, drop in the API Server WAR file. See the help documentation for more information and how-tos.

The API Server is also easy to deploy on Microsoft Azure, Amazon EC2, and Heroku.

Connect to Athena

After you deploy the API Server and the ADO.NET Provider for Athena, provide authentication values and other connection properties by clicking Settings -> Connections and adding a new connection in the API Server administration console. You can then choose the entities you want to allow the API Server access to by clicking Settings -> Resources.

Authenticating to Amazon Athena

To authorize Amazon Athena requests, provide the credentials for an administrator account or for an IAM user with custom permissions: Set AccessKey to the access key Id. Set SecretKey to the secret access key.

Note: Though you can connect as the AWS account administrator, it is recommended to use IAM user credentials to access AWS services.

Obtaining the Access Key

To obtain the credentials for an IAM user, follow the steps below:

  1. Sign into the IAM console.
  2. In the navigation pane, select Users.
  3. To create or manage the access keys for a user, select the user and then select the Security Credentials tab.

To obtain the credentials for your AWS root account, follow the steps below:

  1. Sign into the AWS Management console with the credentials for your root account.
  2. Select your account name or number and select My Security Credentials in the menu that is displayed.
  3. Click Continue to Security Credentials and expand the Access Keys section to manage or create root account access keys.

Authenticating from an EC2 Instance

If you are using the CData Data Provider for Amazon Athena 2018 from an EC2 Instance and have an IAM Role assigned to the instance, you can use the IAM Role to authenticate. To do so, set UseEC2Roles to true and leave AccessKey and SecretKey empty. The CData Data Provider for Amazon Athena 2018 will automatically obtain your IAM Role credentials and authenticate with them.

Authenticating as an AWS Role

In many situations it may be preferable to use an IAM role for authentication instead of the direct security credentials of an AWS root user. An AWS role may be used instead by specifying the RoleARN. This will cause the CData Data Provider for Amazon Athena 2018 to attempt to retrieve credentials for the specified role. If you are connecting to AWS (instead of already being connected such as on an EC2 instance), you must additionally specify the AccessKey and SecretKey of an IAM user to assume the role for. Roles may not be used when specifying the AccessKey and SecretKey of an AWS root user.

Authenticating with MFA

For users and roles that require Multi-factor Authentication, specify the MFASerialNumber and MFAToken connection properties. This will cause the CData Data Provider for Amazon Athena 2018 to submit the MFA credentials in a request to retrieve temporary authentication credentials. Note that the duration of the temporary credentials may be controlled via the TemporaryTokenDuration (default 3600 seconds).

Connecting to Amazon Athena

In addition to the AccessKey and SecretKey properties, specify Database, S3StagingDirectory and Region. Set Region to the region where your Amazon Athena data is hosted. Set S3StagingDirectory to a folder in S3 where you would like to store the results of queries.

If Database is not set in the connection, the data provider connects to the default database set in Amazon Athena.

Authorize API Server Users

After determining the OData services you want to produce, authorize users by clicking Settings -> Users. The API Server uses authtoken-based authentication and supports the major authentication schemes. You can authenticate as well as encrypt connections with SSL. Access can also be restricted by IP address; Access is restricted to only the local machine by default.

You will also need to enable CORS and then define the following sections by clicking Settings -> Server. As an alternative, you can select the option to allow all domains without '*'.

  1. Access-Control-Allow-Origin: Set this to a value of '*', or the domains you will be calling the API Server from.
  2. Access-Control-Allow-Methods: Set this to a value of "GET,PUT,POST,OPTIONS", or the HTTP methods you will need to use.
  3. Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Set this to "x-ms-client-request-id, authorization, content-type".

Last, you will need to configure the API Server to allow users to authenticate by passing the authtoken as a part of the URL. To do so, navigate to the www/app_data folder in the installation direction and modify the settings.cfg file to add the following line in the [Application] section:

AllowAuthTokenInURL = true

Retrieve the Swagger Metadata

You will use the metadata to create a Custom API connection. You can obtain the Swagger definition by making the following request in your browser and then saving the resulting JSON file:

http://MySite:MyPort/api.rsc/$swagger

Connect to Athena Through the API Server

The following procedure shows how to create a simple app that searches remote Athena data.

  1. In Microsoft PowerApps, click Custom connectors.
  2. Click Create customer connector and choose Import an OpenAPI file.
  3. Name the connector, browse to the JSON file, and click Continue.
  4. Fill in the relevant General information, ensure that Base URL is of the form /api.rsc/@myauthtoken (where myauthtoken is the AuthToken for a configure API Server user), and click Continue.
  5. Select Basic authentication for the Authentication type and use the default Parameter labels and names. Click Continue.
  6. Review the Action and Reference definitions and click Create connector.
  7. To test the connector, you will need to create a new connection. Click Test, click New Connection under Connections, and click Create.
  8. Navigate back to the connector from the Custom connectors menu and click Test. From here, you can test the available operations.

Connect the Data Source to a PowerApp

Follow the steps below to connect to Athena from a PowerApp:

  1. From the PowerApps main menu, click Create an app and select the on-premises or cloud PowerApp Studio.
  2. Select a blank app (choose Phone layout or Tablet layout).
  3. In the View tab, click Data Sources and click Add data source.
  4. Click the Connection you created to test the connector.

Populate a Gallery

Follow the steps below to create a simple app that can search Athena data. You will use PowerApps formulas to bind Athena rows to rows in a gallery control.

  1. In the View tab, click Gallery -> Vertical to add a Gallery.

  2. After selecting a gallery, assign the Items property of the gallery to Athena data on the Advanced tab of the gallery settings. The formula below will allow you to access columns in the Customers table.

    ForAll(CDataSwaggerAPI.getAllCustomers().value, {myName: Name, myTotalDue: TotalDue})
  3. Assign Athena columns to UI elements by clicking the element and then setting the Text property (on the Advanced tab of the UI element) to ThisItem.myName or ThisItem.myTotalDue.

Search Athena Data

To filter the records displayed by the gallery, add a TextInput to your Screen, clear the Text property for the TextInput, and set the Items property of the gallery to a formula like the one below, replacing TextInput1 with the name of the TextInput control in your gallery, if necessary:

If(IsBlank(TextInput1.Text), ForAll(CDataSwaggerAPI.getAllCustomers().value, {myName: Name, myTotalDue: TotalDue}), ForAll(CDataSwaggerAPI.getAllCustomers({'$filter':Concatenate("contains(Name,",TextInput1.Text,")")}).value, {myName: Name, myTotalDue: TotalDue}))

The formula builds an OData query that the API Server executes against the remote Athena data, ensuring that the search is run against the current data without first pulling in every record into the app. You can find more information on the supported OData in the API Server help documentation.

Edit Athena Data

Follow the steps below to load an editable screen that shows the fields of the Athena record selected in the gallery.

  1. On the Insert tab, click New Screen->Blank and name the screen "Details".
  2. Tie the gallery to the new screen: Select the arrow button in the first entry of the gallery and in the OnSelect field in the Advanced properties, enter the following:

    Navigate( Details, None )
  3. In the Details screen, from the Insert tab, add a label "Id" and another label for the Id value. Set the Text property to BrowseGallery.Selected.Id

For each column you will need to do the following. Note that for Custom APIs form elements cannot detect which requests need to be formulated to the API Server, so you will need to write the data modification formulas manually.

  1. Add a label for the field.
  2. Add a text input from the Text menu to the screen and set the text property to the value from the selected item from the gallery (i.e.: BrowseGallery.Selected.myName).

To give your app basic update functionality and navigation, add Submit and Back buttons:

  1. For the Submit button, set the OnChange property to the following: CDataSwaggerAPI.updateCustomers(BrowseGallery.Selected.myId,BrowseGallery.Selected.myId,{Name:TextInput1.Text,TotalDue:TextInput2.Text})
  2. For the Back button, set the OnSelect field to the following: Navigate( BrowseScreen, None )

Your mobile or tablet app can now browse, search, and update Athena data.

 
 
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