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PolyBase で外部データソースとしてExact Online を連携利用

CData ODBC Driver for Exact Online とSQL Server 2019 のPolyBase を使って、リアルタイムExact Online data に外部データソースとしてアクセス。

SQL Server のPolyBase は、データベーステーブルをクエリするTransact-SQL シンタックスを使って、外部データにクエリする仕組みです。 CData ODBC Drivers for Exact Online data を組み合わせて使うことで、SQL Server データと同じようにExact Online data へのアクセスが可能です。 本記事では、PolyBase 外部データソースへのExact Online data の設定から、T-SQL クエリを使ったExact Online data へのアクセスを行います。

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live Exact Online data using PolyBase due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SQL Server to Exact Online, the driver pushes down supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Exact Online and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. And with PolyBase, you can also join SQL Server data with Exact Online data, using a single query to pull data from distributed sources.

Exact Online への接続

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs. To create an external data source in SQL Server using PolyBase, configure a System DSN (CData Exact Online Sys is created automatically).

Exact Online uses the OAuth authentication standard. You can use the embedded OAuth credentials or you can register an OAuth app with Exact to obtain your own. In addition to the OAuth values, provide the Region. If Division is not set, the default Division is determined.

See the "Getting Started" chapter of the help documentation for more information.

Click "Test Connection" to ensure that the DSN is connected to Exact Online properly. Navigate to the Tables tab to review the table definitions for Exact Online.

Exact Online Data の外部データソースの作成

After configuring the connection, you need to create a master encryption key and a credential database for the external data source.

Creating a Master Encryption Key

Execute the following SQL command to create a new master key, 'ENCRYPTION,' to encrypt the credentials for the external data source.


Creating a Credential Database

Execute the following SQL command to create credentials for the external data source connected to Exact Online data.

NOTE: Since Exact Online does not require a User or Password to authenticate, you may use whatever values you wish for IDENTITY and SECRET.

WITH IDENTITY = 'username', SECRET = 'password';

Create an External Data Source for Exact Online

Execute the following SQL command to create an external data source for Exact Online with PolyBase, using the DSN and credentials configured earlier.

For Exact Online, set SERVERNAME to 'localhost' or '' and leave PORT empty. PUSHDOWN is set to ON by default, meaning the ODBC Driver can leverage server-side processing for complex queries.

CREATE EXTERNAL DATA SOURCE cdata_exactonline_source
  CONNECTION_OPTIONS = 'DSN=CData Exact Online Sys',
  CREDENTIAL = exactonline_creds

Exact Online のExternal Table を作成

After creating the external data source, use CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE statements to link to Exact Online data from your SQL Server instance. The table column definitions must match those exposed by the CData ODBC Driver for Exact Online. You can refer to the Tables tab of the DSN Configuration Wizard to see the table definition.

Sample CREATE TABLE Statement

The statement to create an external table based on a Exact Online Accounts would look similar to the following:

  Name [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  CreditLinePurchase [nvarchar](255) NULL,
) WITH ( 

Having created external tables for Exact Online in your SQL Server instance, you are now able to query local and remote data simultaneously. Thanks to built-in query processing in the CData ODBC Driver, you know that as much query processing as possible is being pushed to Exact Online, freeing up local resources and computing power. Download a free, 30-day trial of the ODBC Driver for Exact Online and start working with live Exact Online data alongside your SQL Server data today.