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AWS Glue Jobs からExcel Online Data にJDBC 経由でデータ連携

Amazon S3 でホストされているCData JDBC ドライバーを使用してAWS Glue ジョブからExcel Online にデータ連携。

AWS Glue はAmazon のETL サービスであり、これを使用すると、簡単にデータプレパレーションを行い、ストレージおよび分析用に読み込むことができます。AWS Glue と一緒にPySpark モジュールを使用すると、JDBC 接続を経由でデータを処理するジョブを作成し、そのデータをAWS データストアに直接読み込むことができます。ここでは、CData JDBC Driver for Excel Online をAmazon S3 バケットにアップロードし、Excel Online data からデータを抽出してCSV ファイルとしてS3 に保存するためのAWS Glue ジョブを作成して実行する方法について説明します。

CData JDBC driver for Excel Online をAmazon S3 バケットにアップロード

In order to work with the CData JDBC Driver for Excel Online in AWS Glue, you will need to store it (and any relevant license files) in a bucket in Amazon S3.

  1. Open the Amazon S3 Console.
  2. Select an existing bucket (or create a new one).
  3. Click Upload
  4. Select the JAR file (cdata.jdbc.excelonline.jar) found in the lib directory in the installation location for the driver.

Amazon Glue Job を設定

  1. Navigate to ETL -> Jobs from the AWS Glue Console.
  2. Click Add Job to create a new Glue job.
  3. Fill in the Job properties:
    • Name: Fill in a name for the job, for example: ExcelOnlineGlueJob.
    • IAM Role: Select (or create) an IAM role that has the AWSGlueServiceRole and AmazonS3FullAccess (because the JDBC Driver and destination are in an Amazon S3 bucket) permissions policies.
    • Type: Select "Spark."
    • This job runs: Select "A new script to be authored by you".
      Populate the script properties:
      • Script file name: A name for the script file, for example:GlueExcelOnlineJDBC
      • S3 path where the script is stored: Fill in or browse to an S3 bucket.
      • Temporary directory: Fill in or browse to an S3 bucket.
    • ETL language: Select "Python."
    • Expand Security configuration, script libraries and job parameters (optional).For Dependent jars path, fill in or browse to the S3 bucket where you loaded the JAR file.Be sure to include the name of the JAR file itself in the path, i.e.: s3://mybucket/cdata.jdbc.excelonline.jar
  4. Click Next.Here you will have the option to add connection to other AWS endpoints, so if your Destination is Redshift, MySQL, etc, you can create and use connections to those data sources.
  5. Click "Save job and edit script" to create the job.
  6. In the editor that opens, write a python script for the job.You can use the sample script (see below) as an example.

サンプルGlue スクリプト

To connect to Excel Online using the CData JDBC driver, you will need to create a JDBC URL, populating the necessary connection properties.Additionally, (unless you are using a Beta driver), you will need to set the RTK property in the JDBC URL.You can view the licensing file included in the installation for information on how to set this property.

You can connect to a workbook by providing authentication to Excel Online and then setting the following properties:

  • Workbook: Set this to the name or Id of the workbook.

    If you want to view a list of information about the available workbooks, execute a query to the Workbooks view after you authenticate.

  • UseSandbox: Set this to true if you are connecting to a workbook in a sandbox account. Otherwise, leave this blank to connect to a production account.

You use the OAuth authentication standard to authenticate to Excel Online. See the Getting Started section in the help documentation for a guide. Getting Started also guides you through executing SQL to worksheets and ranges.

ビルトイン接続文字列デザイナー

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the Excel Online JDBC Driver.Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.excelonline.jar

Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

To host the JDBC driver in Amazon S3, you will need a license (full or trial) and a Runtime Key (RTK).For more information on obtaining this license (or a trial), contact our sales team.

Below is a sample script that uses the CData JDBC driver with the PySpark and AWSGlue modules to extract Excel Online data and write it to an S3 bucket in CSV format.Make any changes to the script you need to suit your needs and save the job.

import sys from awsglue.transforms import * from awsglue.utils import getResolvedOptions from pyspark.context import SparkContext from awsglue.context import GlueContext from awsglue.dynamicframe import DynamicFrame from awsglue.job import Job args = getResolvedOptions(sys.argv, ['JOB_NAME']) sparkContext = SparkContext() glueContext = GlueContext(sparkContext) sparkSession = glueContext.spark_session ##Use the CData JDBC driver to read Excel Online data from the Test_xlsx_Sheet1 table into a DataFrame ##Note the populated JDBC URL and driver class name source_df = sparkSession.read.format("jdbc").option("url","jdbc:excelonline:RTK=5246...;").option("dbtable","Test_xlsx_Sheet1").option("driver","cdata.jdbc.excelonline.ExcelOnlineDriver").load() glueJob = Job(glueContext) glueJob.init(args['JOB_NAME'], args) ##Convert DataFrames to AWS Glue's DynamicFrames Object dynamic_dframe = DynamicFrame.fromDF(source_df, glueContext, "dynamic_df") ##Write the DynamicFrame as a file in CSV format to a folder in an S3 bucket. ##It is possible to write to any Amazon data store (SQL Server, Redshift, etc) by using any previously defined connections. retDatasink4 = glueContext.write_dynamic_frame.from_options(frame = dynamic_dframe, connection_type = "s3", connection_options = {"path": "s3://mybucket/outfiles"}, format = "csv", transformation_ctx = "datasink4") glueJob.commit()

Glueジョブを実行する

With the script written, we are ready to run the Glue job.Click Run Job and wait for the extract/load to complete.You can view the status of the job from the Jobs page in the AWS Glue Console.Once the Job has succeeded, you will have a csv file in your S3 bucket with data from the Excel Online Test_xlsx_Sheet1 table.

Using the CData JDBC Driver for Excel Online in AWS Glue, you can easily create ETL jobs for Excel Online data, writing the data to an S3 bucket or loading it into any other AWS data store.

 
 
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