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PolyBase で外部データソースとしてXero を連携利用

CData ODBC Driver for Xero とSQL Server 2019 のPolyBase を使って、リアルタイムXero data に外部データソースとしてアクセス。

SQL Server のPolyBase は、データベーステーブルをクエリするTransact-SQL シンタックスを使って、外部データにクエリする仕組みです。 CData ODBC Drivers for Xero data を組み合わせて使うことで、SQL Server データと同じようにXero data へのアクセスが可能です。 本記事では、PolyBase 外部データソースへのXero data の設定から、T-SQL クエリを使ったXero data へのアクセスを行います。

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live Xero data using PolyBase due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SQL Server to Xero, the driver pushes down supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Xero and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. And with PolyBase, you can also join SQL Server data with Xero data, using a single query to pull data from distributed sources.

Xero への接続

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs. To create an external data source in SQL Server using PolyBase, configure a System DSN (CData Xero Sys is created automatically).

To connect, set the Schema connection property in addition to any authentication values. Xero offers authentication for private applications, public applications, and partner applications. You will need to set the XeroAppAuthentication property to PUBLIC, PRIVATE, or PARTNER, depending on the type of application configured. To connect from a private application, you will additionally need to set the OAuthAccessToken, OAuthClientId, OAuthClientSecret, CertificateStoreType, CertificateStore, and CertificateStorePassword.

To connect from a public or partner application, you can use the embedded OAuthClientId, OAuthClientSecret, and CallbackURL, or you can register an app to obtain your own OAuth values.

See the "Getting Started" chapter of the help documentation for a guide to authenticating to Xero.

Click "Test Connection" to ensure that the DSN is connected to Xero properly. Navigate to the Tables tab to review the table definitions for Xero.

Xero Data の外部データソースの作成

After configuring the connection, you need to create a master encryption key and a credential database for the external data source.

Creating a Master Encryption Key

Execute the following SQL command to create a new master key, 'ENCRYPTION,' to encrypt the credentials for the external data source.

CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'password';

Creating a Credential Database

Execute the following SQL command to create credentials for the external data source connected to Xero data.

NOTE: Since Xero does not require a User or Password to authenticate, you may use whatever values you wish for IDENTITY and SECRET.

CREATE DATABASE SCOPED CREDENTIAL xero_creds
WITH IDENTITY = 'username', SECRET = 'password';

Create an External Data Source for Xero

Execute the following SQL command to create an external data source for Xero with PolyBase, using the DSN and credentials configured earlier.

For Xero, set SERVERNAME to 'localhost' or '127.0.0.1' and leave PORT empty. PUSHDOWN is set to ON by default, meaning the ODBC Driver can leverage server-side processing for complex queries.

CREATE EXTERNAL DATA SOURCE cdata_xero_source
WITH ( 
  LOCATION = 'odbc://SERVERNAME[:PORT]',
  CONNECTION_OPTIONS = 'DSN=CData Xero Sys',
  -- PUSHDOWN = ON | OFF,
  CREDENTIAL = xero_creds
);

Xero のExternal Table を作成

After creating the external data source, use CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE statements to link to Xero data from your SQL Server instance. The table column definitions must match those exposed by the CData ODBC Driver for Xero. You can refer to the Tables tab of the DSN Configuration Wizard to see the table definition.

Sample CREATE TABLE Statement

The statement to create an external table based on a Xero Items would look similar to the following:

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE Items(
  Name [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  QuantityOnHand [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  ...
) WITH ( 
  LOCATION='Items',
  DATA_SOURCE=cdata_xero_source
);

Having created external tables for Xero in your SQL Server instance, you are now able to query local and remote data simultaneously. Thanks to built-in query processing in the CData ODBC Driver, you know that as much query processing as possible is being pushed to Xero, freeing up local resources and computing power. Download a free, 30-day trial of the ODBC Driver for Xero and start working with live Xero data alongside your SQL Server data today.

 
 
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