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Access Live AlloyDB Data in Spring Boot



Connect to AlloyDB in a Spring Boot Application using CData JDBC AlloyDB Driver

Spring Boot is a framework that makes engineering Java web applications easier. It offers the ability to create standalone applications with minimal configuration. When paired with the CData JDBC driver for AlloyDB, Spring Boot can work with live AlloyDB data. This article shows how to configure data sources and retrieve data in your Java Spring Boot Application, using the CData JDBC Driver for AlloyDB.

With built-in optimized data processing, the CData JDBC Driver offers unmatched performance for interacting with live AlloyDB data. When you issue complex SQL queries to AlloyDB, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to AlloyDB and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations). Its built-in dynamic metadata querying allows you to work with and analyze AlloyDB data using native data types.

Creating the Spring Boot Project in Java

In an IDE (in this tutorial, we use IntelliJ), choose a Maven project: In the generated project, go to the pom.xml file, and add the required dependencies for Spring Boot:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"> <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion> <parent> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId> <version>2.7.2</version> <relativePath/> </parent> <groupId>com.example</groupId> <artifactId>demo</artifactId> <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version> <name>demo</name> <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description> <properties> <java.version>1.8</java.version> </properties> <build> <plugins> <plugin> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId> </plugin> <plugin> <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId> <artifactId>maven-install-plugin</artifactId> <version>2.5.1</version> <executions> <execution> <id>id.install-file</id> <phase>clean</phase> <goals> <goal>install-file</goal> </goals> <configuration> <file>C:\Program Files\CData\CData JDBC Driver for AlloyDB ####\lib\cdata.jdbc.alloydb.jar</file> <groupId>org.cdata.connectors</groupId> <artifactId>cdata-alloydb-connector</artifactId> <version>21</version> <packaging>jar</packaging> </configuration> </execution> </executions> </plugin> </plugins> </build> <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId> <version>2.7.0</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.cdata.connectors</groupId> <artifactId>cdata-alloydb-connector</artifactId> <version>21</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId> <scope>test</scope> </dependency> </dependencies> <distributionManagement> <repository> <uniqueVersion>false</uniqueVersion> <id>test</id> <name>My Repository</name> <url>scp://repo/maven2</url> <layout>default</layout> </repository> </distributionManagement> </project>

Project Structure

In the java directory, create a new package. Usually the name of the package is the name of the groupId (com.example) followed by the artifactId (.MDS).

Make sure that the "java" directory is the sources root; this is indicated with a blue color. You may need to right click the java directory and select Mark Directory -> Sources Root. Also, the resources directory should be marked as Resources Root.

Database Connection Properties

In the application.properties file, we set the configuration properties for the AlloyDB JDBC Driver, using the Class name and JDBC URL:

spring.datasource.driver=cdata.jdbc.alloydb.AlloyDBDriver spring.datasource.url=jdbc:alloydb:User=alloydb;Password=admin;Database=alloydb;Server=127.0.0.1;Port=5432

Built-in Connection String Designer

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the AlloyDB JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.alloydb.jar

The following connection properties are usually required in order to connect to AlloyDB.

  • Server: The host name or IP of the server hosting the AlloyDB database.
  • User: The user which will be used to authenticate with the AlloyDB server.
  • Password: The password which will be used to authenticate with the AlloyDB server.

You can also optionally set the following:

  • Database: The database to connect to when connecting to the AlloyDB Server. If this is not set, the user's default database will be used.
  • Port: The port of the server hosting the AlloyDB database. This property is set to 5432 by default.

Authenticating with Standard Authentication

Standard authentication (using the user/password combination supplied earlier) is the default form of authentication.

No further action is required to leverage Standard Authentication to connect.

Authenticating with pg_hba.conf Auth Schemes

There are additional methods of authentication available which must be enabled in the pg_hba.conf file on the AlloyDB server.

Find instructions about authentication setup on the AlloyDB Server here.

Authenticating with MD5 Authentication

This authentication method must be enabled by setting the auth-method in the pg_hba.conf file to md5.

Authenticating with SASL Authentication

This authentication method must be enabled by setting the auth-method in the pg_hba.conf file to scram-sha-256.

Authenticating with Kerberos

The authentication with Kerberos is initiated by AlloyDB Server when the ∏ is trying to connect to it. You should set up Kerberos on the AlloyDB Server to activate this authentication method. Once you have Kerberos authentication set up on the AlloyDB Server, see the Kerberos section of the help documentation for details on how to authenticate with Kerberos.

After setting the properties in the application.properties file, we now configure them.

Data Source Configuration

First, we mark the AlloyDB data source as our primary data source. Then, we create a Data Source Bean.

Create a DriverManagerDataSource.java file and create a Bean within it, as shown below. If @Bean gives an error, Spring Boot may not have loaded properly. To fix this, go to File -> Invalidate Caches and restart. Additionally, make sure that Maven has added the Spring Boot dependencies.

To create a data source bean, we use DriverManagerDataSource Class. This class allows us to set the properties of the data source. The following code shows the bean definition of our data source. Each driver should have a bean.

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired; import org.springframework.boot.jdbc.DataSourceBuilder; import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean; import org.springframework.context.annotation.Primary; import org.springframework.core.env.Environment; import javax.sql.DataSource; public class DriverManagerDataSource{ @Autowired private static Environment env; @Bean(name ="AlloyDB") @Primary public static DataSource AlloyDBDataSource() { DataSourceBuilder<?> dataSourceBuilder = DataSourceBuilder.create(); dataSourceBuilder.driverClassName("cdata.jdbc.alloydb.AlloyDBDriver"); dataSourceBuilder.url("jdbc:alloydb:User=alloydb;Password=admin;Database=alloydb;Server=127.0.0.1;Port=5432"); return dataSourceBuilder.build(); } //@Override public void setEnvironment( final Environment environment) { env=environment; } }

Next, move the AlloyDB jar file to the Documents folder (see path in command below). Then, click the Maven icon (top right corner of IntelliJ) and click "Execute Maven Goal." Now, run the following command: mvn install:install-file -Dfile=C:\Program Files\CData\CData JDBC Driver for AlloyDB ####\lib\cdata.jdbc.alloydb.jar -DgroupId=cdata.jdbc.alloydb -DartifactId=cdata-alloydb-connector -Dversion=21 -Dpackaging=jar

After pressing enter, we see the following output:

Testing the Connection

The last step is testing the connection. We call the data source in the main method of MDSApplication.java:

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication; import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication; import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration; import java.sql.Connection; import java.sql.SQLException; import static com.example.demo.DriverManagerDataSources.AlloyDBDataSource; @SpringBootApplication(exclude = {DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class}) public class MDSApplication { //remove the comment on the line below public static void main (){ SpringApplication.run(DemoApplication.class, args); Connection conn = AlloyDBDataSource().getConnection(); System.out.println("Catalog: "+ conn.getCatalog()); } }

The output generated should look like this:

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