Integrate with Amazon Athena Data using Apache Camel

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Amazon Athena JDBC Driver

Rapidly create and deploy powerful Java applications that integrate with Amazon Athena.



Create a simple Java app that uses Apache Camel routing and the CData JDBC Driver to copy Amazon Athena data to a JSON file on disk.

Apache Camel is an open source integration framework that allows you to integrate various systems consuming or producing data. When paired with the CData JDBC Driver for Amazon Athena, you can write Java apps that use Camel routes that integrate with live Amazon Athena data. This article walks through creating an app in NetBeans that connects, queries, and routes Amazon Athena data to a JSON file.

With built-in optimized data processing, the CData JDBC Driver offers unmatched performance for interacting with live Amazon Athena data. When you issue complex SQL queries to Amazon Athena, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Amazon Athena and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations). Its built-in dynamic metadata querying allows you to work with and analyze Amazon Athena data using native data types.

Creating A New Maven/Java Project

Follow the steps below to create a new Java project and add the appropriate dependencies:

  1. Open NetBeans and create a new project.
  2. Select Maven from the categories list and Java Application from the projects list, then click Next.
  3. Name the project (and adjust any other properties) and click Finish.
  4. In the source package, create a new Java class (we used App.java for this article) and add the main method to the class.

Adding Project Dependencies

With the project created, we can start adding the dependencies needed to work with live Amazon Athena data from our App. If you have not already done so, install Maven in your environment, as it is required to add the JAR file for the CData JDBC Driver to your project.

Installing the CData JDBC Driver for Amazon Athena with Maven

  1. Download the CData JDBC Driver for Amazon Athena installer, unzip the package, and run the JAR file to install the driver.
  2. Use Maven to install the JDBC Driver as a connector.
    mvn install:install-file 
    	-Dfile="C:\Program Files\CData\CData JDBC Driver for Amazon Athena 2019\lib\cdata.jdbc.amazonathena.jar" 
    	-DgroupId="org.cdata.connectors" 
    	-DartifactId="cdata-amazonathena-connector" 
    	-Dversion="19" 
    	-Dpackaging=jar
    

Once the JDBC Driver is installed, we can add dependencies to our project. To add a dependency, you can either edit the pom.xml file or right-click the dependencies folder and click Add Dependency. The properties for each dependency follow, but you can search through the available libraries by typing the name of the dependency in the Query box in the Add Dependency wizard.

Required Dependencies

DependencyGroup IDArtifact IDVersion
camel-coreorg.apache.camelcamel-core3.0.0
camel-jacksonorg.apache.camelcamel-jackson3.0.0
camel-jdbcorg.apache.camelcamel-jdbc3.0.0
camel-jsonpathorg.apache.camelcamel-jsonpath3.0.0
cdata-amazonathena-connectororg.cdata.connectorscdata-salesforce-connector19
commons-dbcp2org.apache.commonscommons-dbcp22.7.0
slf4j-log4j12org.slf4jslf4j-log4j121.7.30
log4jorg.apache.logging.log4jlog4j2.12.1

Accessing Amazon Athena Data in Java Apps with Camel

After adding the required dependencies, we can use the Java DSL (Domain Specific Language) to create routes with access to live Amazon Athena data. Code snippets follow. Download the sample project (zip file) to follow along (make note of the TODO comments).

Start by importing the necessary classes into our main class.

import org.apache.camel.CamelContext;
import org.apache.camel.builder.RouteBuilder;
import org.apache.camel.impl.DefaultCamelContext;
import org.apache.camel.support.SimpleRegistry;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp2.BasicDataSource;
import org.apache.log4j.BasicConfigurator;

Then in the main method, we configure logging, create a new BasicDataSource and add it to the registry, create a new CamelContext, and finally add a route to the context. In this sample, we route Amazon Athena data to a JSON file.

Configure Logging

BasicConfigurator.configure();

Create a BasicDataSource

Create a BasicDataSource and set the driver class name (cdata.jdbc.salesforce.SalesforceDriver) and URL (using the required connection properties).

Authenticating to Amazon Athena

To authorize Amazon Athena requests, provide the credentials for an administrator account or for an IAM user with custom permissions: Set AccessKey to the access key Id. Set SecretKey to the secret access key.

Note: Though you can connect as the AWS account administrator, it is recommended to use IAM user credentials to access AWS services.

Obtaining the Access Key

To obtain the credentials for an IAM user, follow the steps below:

  1. Sign into the IAM console.
  2. In the navigation pane, select Users.
  3. To create or manage the access keys for a user, select the user and then select the Security Credentials tab.

To obtain the credentials for your AWS root account, follow the steps below:

  1. Sign into the AWS Management console with the credentials for your root account.
  2. Select your account name or number and select My Security Credentials in the menu that is displayed.
  3. Click Continue to Security Credentials and expand the Access Keys section to manage or create root account access keys.

Authenticating from an EC2 Instance

If you are using the CData Data Provider for Amazon Athena 2018 from an EC2 Instance and have an IAM Role assigned to the instance, you can use the IAM Role to authenticate. To do so, set UseEC2Roles to true and leave AccessKey and SecretKey empty. The CData Data Provider for Amazon Athena 2018 will automatically obtain your IAM Role credentials and authenticate with them.

Authenticating as an AWS Role

In many situations it may be preferable to use an IAM role for authentication instead of the direct security credentials of an AWS root user. An AWS role may be used instead by specifying the RoleARN. This will cause the CData Data Provider for Amazon Athena 2018 to attempt to retrieve credentials for the specified role. If you are connecting to AWS (instead of already being connected such as on an EC2 instance), you must additionally specify the AccessKey and SecretKey of an IAM user to assume the role for. Roles may not be used when specifying the AccessKey and SecretKey of an AWS root user.

Authenticating with MFA

For users and roles that require Multi-factor Authentication, specify the MFASerialNumber and MFAToken connection properties. This will cause the CData Data Provider for Amazon Athena 2018 to submit the MFA credentials in a request to retrieve temporary authentication credentials. Note that the duration of the temporary credentials may be controlled via the TemporaryTokenDuration (default 3600 seconds).

Connecting to Amazon Athena

In addition to the AccessKey and SecretKey properties, specify Database, S3StagingDirectory and Region. Set Region to the region where your Amazon Athena data is hosted. Set S3StagingDirectory to a folder in S3 where you would like to store the results of queries.

If Database is not set in the connection, the data provider connects to the default database set in Amazon Athena.

BasicDataSource basic = new BasicDataSource();
basic.setDriverClassName("cdata.jdbc.amazonathena.AmazonAthenaDriver");
basic.setUrl("jdbc:amazonathena:AccessKey='a123';SecretKey='s123';Region='IRELAND';Database='sampledb';S3StagingDirectory='s3://bucket/staging/';");

The CData JDBC Driver includes a built-in connection string designer to help you configure the connection URL.

Built-in Connection String Designer

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the Amazon Athena JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.amazonathena.jar

Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

Add the BasicDataSource to the Registry and Create a CamelContext

SimpleRegistry reg = new SimpleRegistry();
reg.bind("myDataSource", basic);

CamelContext context = new DefaultCamelContext(reg);

Add Routing to the CamelContext

The routing below uses a timer component to run one time and passes a SQL query to the JDBC Driver. The results are marshaled as JSON (and formatted for pretty print) and passed to a file component to write to disk as a JSON file.

context.addRoutes(new RouteBuilder() {
	@Override
	public void configure() {
		from("timer://foo?repeatCount=1")
			.setBody(constant("SELECT * FROM Account LIMIT 10"))
			.to("jdbc:myDataSource")
			.marshal().json(true)
			.to("file:C:\\Users\\USER\\Documents?fileName=account.json");
	}
});

Managing the CamelContext Lifecycle

With the route defined, start the CamelContext to begin the lifecycle. In this example, we wait 10 seconds and then shut down the context.

context.start();
Thread.sleep(10000);
context.stop();

Free Trial, Sample Project & Technical Support

Now, you have a working Java application that uses Camel to route data from Amazon Athena to a JSON file. Download a free, 30-day trial of the CData JDBC Driver for Amazon Athena and the sample project (make note of the TODO comments) and start working with your live Amazon Athena data in Apache Camel. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.