Use pandas to Visualize Avro Data in Python

Ready to get started?

Download for a free trial:

Download Now

Learn more:

Avro Python Connector

Python Connector Libraries for Avro Data Connectivity. Integrate Avro with popular Python tools like Pandas, SQLAlchemy, Dash & petl.



The CData Python Connector for Avro enables you use pandas and other modules to analyze and visualize live Avro data in Python.

The rich ecosystem of Python modules lets you get to work quickly and integrate your systems more effectively. With the CData Python Connector for Avro, the pandas & Matplotlib modules, and the SQLAlchemy toolkit, you can build Avro-connected Python applications and scripts for visualizing Avro data. This article shows how to use the pandas, SQLAlchemy, and Matplotlib built-in functions to connect to Avro data, execute queries, and visualize the results.

With built-in optimized data processing, the CData Python Connector offers unmatched performance for interacting with live Avro data in Python. When you issue complex SQL queries from Avro, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Avro and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations).

Connecting to Avro Data

Connecting to Avro data looks just like connecting to any relational data source. Create a connection string using the required connection properties. For this article, you will pass the connection string as a parameter to the create_engine function.

Connect to your local Avro file(s) by setting the URI connection property to the location of the Avro file.

Follow the procedure below to install the required modules and start accessing Avro through Python objects.

Install Required Modules

Use the pip utility to install the pandas & Matplotlib modules and the SQLAlchemy toolkit:

pip install pandas
pip install matplotlib
pip install sqlalchemy

Be sure to import the module with the following:

import pandas
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sqlalchemy import create_engine

Visualize Avro Data in Python

You can now connect with a connection string. Use the create_engine function to create an Engine for working with Avro data.

engine = create_engine("avro:///?URI=C:/folder/table.avroInitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH&OAuthSettingsLocation=/PATH/TO/OAuthSettings.txt")

Execute SQL to Avro

Use the read_sql function from pandas to execute any SQL statement and store the resultset in a DataFrame.

df = pandas.read_sql("SELECT Id, Column1 FROM SampleTable_1 WHERE Column2 = 'value_2'", engine)

Visualize Avro Data

With the query results stored in a DataFrame, use the plot function to build a chart to display the Avro data. The show method displays the chart in a new window.

df.plot(kind="bar", x="Id", y="Column1")
plt.show()

Free Trial & More Information

Download a free, 30-day trial of the Avro Python Connector to start building Python apps and scripts with connectivity to Avro data. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.



Full Source Code

import pandas
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sqlalchemy import create_engin

engine = create_engine("avro:///?URI=C:/folder/table.avroInitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH&OAuthSettingsLocation=/PATH/TO/OAuthSettings.txt")
df = pandas.read_sql("SELECT Id, Column1 FROM SampleTable_1 WHERE Column2 = 'value_2'", engine)

df.plot(kind="bar", x="Id", y="Column1")
plt.show()