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Configure the CData JDBC Driver for Amazon DynamoDB in a Connection Pool in Tomcat

Connect to Amazon DynamoDB data from a connection pool in Tomcat.

The CData JDBC Drivers support standard JDBC interfaces to integrate with Web applications running on the JVM. This article details how to connect to Amazon DynamoDB data from a connection pool in Tomcat.

Connect to Amazon DynamoDB Data through a Connection Pool in Tomcat

  1. Copy the CData JAR and CData .lic file to $CATALINA_HOME/lib. The CData JAR is located in the lib subfolder of the installation directory.
  2. Add a definition of the resource to the context. Specify the JDBC URL here.

    The connection to Amazon DynamoDB is made using your AccessKey, SecretKey, and optionally your Domain and Region. Your AccessKey and SecretKey can be obtained on the security credentials page for your Amazon Web Services account. Your Region will be displayed in the upper left-hand corner when you are logged into DynamoDB.

    Built-in Connection String Designer

    For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the Amazon DynamoDB JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

    java -jar cdata.jdbc.amazondynamodb.jar

    Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

    You can see the JDBC URL specified in the resource definition below.

    <Resource name="jdbc/amazondynamodb" auth="Container" type="javax.sql.DataSource" driverClassName="cdata.jdbc.amazondynamodb.AmazonDynamoDBDriver" factory="org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSourceFactory" url="jdbc:amazondynamodb:Access Key=xxx;Secret Key=xxx;Domain=amazonaws.com;Region=OREGON;" maxActive="20" maxIdle="10" maxWait="-1" />

    To allow a single application to access Amazon DynamoDB data, add the code above to the context.xml in the application's META-INF directory.

    For a shared resource configuration, add the code above to the context.xml located in $CATALINA_BASE/conf. A shared resource configuration provides connectivity to Amazon DynamoDB for all applications.

  3. Add a reference to the resource to the web.xml for the application. Amazon DynamoDB data JSP jdbc/AmazonDynamoDB javax.sql.DataSource Container
  4. Initialize connections from the connection pool: Context initContext = new InitialContext(); Context envContext = (Context)initContext.lookup("java:/comp/env"); DataSource ds = (DataSource)envContext.lookup("jdbc/AmazonDynamoDB"); Connection conn = ds.getConnection();

More Tomcat Integration

The steps above show how to connect to Amazon DynamoDB data in a simple connection pooling scenario. For more use cases and information, see the JNDI Datasource How-To in the Tomcat documentation.