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Create a Data Access Object for Excel Data using JDBI

A brief overview of creating a SQL Object API for Excel data in JDBI.

JDBI is a SQL convenience library for Java that exposes two different style APIs, a fluent style and a SQL object style. The CData JDBC Driver for Excel integrates connectivity to live Excel data in Java applications. By pairing these technologies, you gain simple, programmatic access to Excel data. This article walks through building a basic Data Access Object (DAO) and the accompanying code to read and write Excel data.

Create a DAO for the Excel Sheet Entity

The interface below declares the desired behavior for the SQL object to create a single method for each SQL statement to be implemented.

public interface MySheetDAO { //insert new data into Excel @SqlUpdate("INSERT INTO Sheet (Name, Revenue) values (:name, :revenue)") void insert(@Bind("name") String name, @Bind("revenue") String revenue); //request specific data from Excel (String type is used for simplicity) @SqlQuery("SELECT Revenue FROM Sheet WHERE Name = :name") String findRevenueByName(@Bind("name") String name); /* * close with no args is used to close the connection */ void close(); }

Open a Connection to Excel

Collect the necessary connection properties and construct the appropriate JDBC URL for connecting to Excel.

The ExcelFile, under the Authentication section, must be set to a valid Excel File.

Built-in Connection String Designer

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the Excel JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.excel.jar

Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

A connection string for Excel will typically look like the following:

jdbc:excel:Excel File='C:/MyExcelWorkbooks/SampleWorkbook.xlsx';

Use the configured JDBC URL to obtain an instance of the DAO interface. The particular method shown below will open a handle bound to the instance, so the instance needs to be closed explicitly to release the handle and the bound JDBC connection.

DBI dbi = new DBI("jdbc:excel:Excel File='C:/MyExcelWorkbooks/SampleWorkbook.xlsx';"); MySheetDAO dao =; //do stuff with the DAO dao.close();

Read Excel Data

With the connection open to Excel, simply call the previously defined method to retrieve data from the Sheet entity in Excel.

//disply the result of our 'find' method String revenue = dao.findRevenueByName("Bob"); System.out.println(revenue);

Write Excel Data

It is also simple to write data to Excel, using the previously defined method.

//add a new entry to the Sheet entity dao.insert(newName, newRevenue);

Since the JDBI library is able to work with JDBC connections, you can easily produce a SQL Object API for Excel by integrating with the CData JDBC Driver for Excel. Download a free trial and work with live Excel data in custom Java applications today.