Replicate Microsoft Exchange Data from PowerShell

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Exchange ODBC Driver

The Microsoft Exchange ODBC Driver is a powerful tool that allows you to connect with live Microsoft Exchange data, directly from any applications that support ODBC connectivity.

Access Exchange messages, folders, calendars, etc. like you would a database - read, write, and send E-mails through a standard ODBC Driver interface.



Write a quick PowerShell script to query Microsoft Exchange data. Use connectivity to the live data to replicate Microsoft Exchange data to SQL Server.



The CData ODBC Driver for Microsoft Exchange enables out-of-the-box integration with Microsoft's built-in support for ODBC. The ODBC driver instantly integrates connectivity to the real Microsoft Exchange data with PowerShell.

You can use the .NET Framework Provider for ODBC built into PowerShell to quickly automate integration tasks like replicating Microsoft Exchange data to other databases. This article shows how to replicate Microsoft Exchange data to SQL Server in 5 lines of code.

You can also write PowerShell code to execute create, read, update, and delete (CRUD) operations. See the examples below.

Create an ODBC Data Source for Microsoft Exchange

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs.

Specify the User and Password to connect to Exchange. Additionally, specify the address of the Exchange server you are connecting to and the Platform associated with the server.

Connect to Microsoft Exchange

The code below shows how to use the DSN to initialize the connection to Microsoft Exchange data in PowerShell:

$conn = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcConnection $conn.ConnectionString = "DSN=CData Exchange Source x64"

Back Up Microsoft Exchange Data to SQL Server

After you enable caching, you can use the code below to replicate data to SQL Server.

Set the following connection properties to configure the caching database:

  • CacheProvider: The name of the ADO.NET provider. This can be found in the Machine.config for your version of .NET. For example, to configure SQL Server, enter System.Data.SqlClient.

  • CacheConnection: The connection string of properties required to connect to the database. Below is an example for SQL Server:

    Server=localhost;Database=RSB;User Id=sqltest;Password=sqltest;

The SQL query in the example can be used to refresh the entire cached table, including its schema. Any already existing cache is deleted.

$conn.Open() # Create and execute the SQL Query $SQL = "CACHE DROP EXISTING SELECT * FROM " + $Contacts $cmd = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcCommand($sql,$conn) $count = $cmd.ExecuteNonQuery() $conn.Close()

The driver gives you complete control over the caching functionality. See the help documentation for more caching commands and usage examples. See the help documentation for steps to replicate to other databases.

Other Operations

To retrieve Microsoft Exchange data in PowerShell, call the Fill method of the OdbcDataAdapter method. To execute data manipulation commands, initialize the OdbcCommand object and then call ExecuteNonQuery. Below are some more examples CRUD commands to Microsoft Exchange through the .NET Framework Provider for ODBC:

Retrieve Microsoft Exchange Data

$sql="SELECT GivenName, Size from Contacts" $da= New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcDataAdapter($sql, $conn) $dt= New-Object System.Data.DataTable $da.Fill($dt) $dt.Rows | foreach { $dt.Columns | foreach ($col in dt{ Write-Host $1[$_] } }

Update Microsoft Exchange Data

$cmd = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcCommand("UPDATE Contacts SET BusinnessAddress_City='Raleigh' WHERE Id = @myId", $conn) $cmd.Parameters.Add(new System.Data.Odbc.OdbcParameter("myId","001d000000YBRseAAH") $cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()

Insert Microsoft Exchange Data

$cmd = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcCommand("INSERT INTO Contacts SET BusinnessAddress_City='Raleigh' WHERE Id = @myId", $conn) $cmd.Parameters.Add(new System.Data.Odbc.OdbcParameter("myId","001d000000YBRseAAH") $cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()

Delete Microsoft Exchange Data

$cmd = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcCommand("DELETE FROM Contacts WHERE Id = @myid", $conn) $cmd.Parameters.Add(new System.Data.Odbc.OdbcParameter("myId","001d000000YBRseAAH") $cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()