Use the CData ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog in SAS for Real-Time Reporting and Analytics

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Google Data Catalog ODBC Driver

The Google Data Catalog ODBC Driver is a powerful tool that allows you to connect with live data from Google Data Catalog, directly from any applications that support ODBC connectivity.

Access Google Data Catalog data like you would a database - read, write, and update Google Data Catalog Schemas, Tables, etc. through a standard ODBC Driver interface.



Connect to real-time Google Data Catalog data in SAS for reporting, analytics, and visualizations using the CData ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog.

SAS is a software suite developed for advanced analytics, multivariate analysis, business intelligence, data management, and predictive analytics. When you pair SAS with the CData ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog, you gain database-like access to live Google Data Catalog data from SAS, expanding your reporting and analytics capabilities. This articles walks through creating a library for Google Data Catalog in SAS and creating a simple report based on real-time Google Data Catalog data.

The CData ODBC Driver offers unmatched performance for interacting with live Google Data Catalog data in SAS due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SAS to Google Data Catalog, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Google Data Catalog and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. With built-in dynamic metadata querying, you can easily visualize and analyze Google Data Catalog data in SAS.

Connect to Google Data Catalog as an ODBC Data Source

Information for connecting to Google Data Catalog follows, along with different instructions for configuring a DSN in Windows and Linux environments (the ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog must be installed on the machine hosting the SAS System).

Google Data Catalog uses the OAuth authentication standard. Authorize access to Google APIs on behalf on individual users or on behalf of users in a domain.

Before connecting, specify the following to identify the organization and project you would like to connect to:

  • OrganizationId: The ID associated with the Google Cloud Platform organization resource you would like to connect to. Find this by navigating to the cloud console.

    Click the project selection drop-down, and select your organization from the list. Then, click More -> Settings. The organization ID is displayed on this page.

  • ProjectId: The ID associated with the Google Cloud Platform project resource you would like to connect to.

    Find this by navigating to the cloud console dashboard and selecting your project from the Select from drop-down. The project ID will be present in the Project info card.

When you connect, the OAuth endpoint opens in your default browser. Log in and grant permissions to the application to completes the OAuth process. For more information, refer to the OAuth section in the Help documentation.

When you configure the DSN, you may also want to set the Max Rows connection property. This will limit the number of rows returned, which is especially helpful for improving performance when designing reports and visualizations.

Windows

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs.

Linux

If you are installing the CData ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog in a Linux environment, the driver installation predefines a system DSN. You can modify the DSN by editing the system data sources file (/etc/odbc.ini) and defining the required connection properties.

/etc/odbc.ini

[CData GoogleDataCatalog Sys] Driver = CData ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog Description = My Description ProjectId = YourProjectId

For specific information on using these configuration files, please refer to the help documentation (installed and found online).

Create a Google Data Catalog Library in SAS

Connect to Google Data Catalog in SAS by adding a library based on the CData ODBC Driver for Google Data Catalog.

  1. Open SAS and expand Libraries in the Explorer pane.
  2. In the Active Libraries window, right-click and select New.
  3. Name your library (odbclib), select ODBC as the Engine, and click to Enable at startup (if you want the library to persist between sessions).
  4. Set Data Source to the DSN you previously configured and click OK.

Create a View from a Google Data Catalog Query

SAS natively supports querying data either using a low-code, point-and-click Query tool or programmatically with PROC SQL and a custom SQL query. When you create a View in SAS, the defining query is executed each time the view is queried. This means that you always query live Google Data Catalog data for reports, charts, and analytics.

Using the Query Tool

  1. In SAS, click Tools -> Query
  2. Select the table sources and the table(s) you wish to pull data from. Then, click OK.
  3. Select columns and right-click to add filtering, ordering, grouping, etc.
  4. Create a local view to contain the query results by right-clicking the SQL Query Tool window, selecting Show Query, and clicking Create View. Name the View and click OK.

Using PROC SQL

  1. In SAS, navigate to the Editor window.
  2. Use PROC SQL to query the data and create a local view.
    NOTE: This procedure creates a view in the Work library. You can optionally specify a library in the create view statement.
    proc sql;
      create view schemas_view as
      select 
        type, 
        datasetname 
      from 
        odbclib.schemas 
      where 
        ProjectId = 'bigquery-public-data';
    quit;
    
  3. Click Run -> Submit to execute the query and create a local view.

Report On or Visualize Google Data Catalog Data in SAS

With a local view created, you can report, visualize, or otherwise analyze Google Data Catalog data using the powerful SAS features. Print a simple report using PROC PRINT and create a basic graph based on the data using PROC GCHART.

Print an HTML Report

  1. In SAS, navigate to the Editor window.
  2. Use PROC PRINT to print an HTML report for the Google Data Catalog Schemas data.
    proc print data=schemas;
      title "Google Data Catalog Schemas Data";
    run;
    

Print a Chart

  1. In SAS, navigate to the Editor window.
  2. Use PROC GCHART to create a chart for the Schemas data.
    proc gchart data=schemas;
      pie type / sumvar=datasetname
          value=arrow
          percent=arrow
          noheading
          percent=inside plabel=(height=12pt)
          slice=inside value=none
          name='SchemasChart';
    run;