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Create a Data Access Object for Greenplum Data using JDBI

A brief overview of creating a SQL Object API for Greenplum data in JDBI.

JDBI is a SQL convenience library for Java that exposes two different style APIs, a fluent style and a SQL object style. The CData JDBC Driver for Greenplum integrates connectivity to live Greenplum data in Java applications. By pairing these technologies, you gain simple, programmatic access to Greenplum data. This article walks through building a basic Data Access Object (DAO) and the accompanying code to read and write Greenplum data.

Create a DAO for the Greenplum Orders Entity

The interface below declares the desired behavior for the SQL object to create a single method for each SQL statement to be implemented.

public interface MyOrdersDAO { //insert new data into Greenplum @SqlUpdate("INSERT INTO Orders (ShipCountry, ShipName) values (:shipCountry, :shipName)") void insert(@Bind("shipCountry") String shipCountry, @Bind("shipName") String shipName); //request specific data from Greenplum (String type is used for simplicity) @SqlQuery("SELECT ShipName FROM Orders WHERE ShipCountry = :shipCountry") String findShipNameByShipCountry(@Bind("shipCountry") String shipCountry); /* * close with no args is used to close the connection */ void close(); }

Open a Connection to Greenplum

Collect the necessary connection properties and construct the appropriate JDBC URL for connecting to Greenplum.

To connect to Greenplum, set the Server, Port (the default port is 5432), and Database connection properties and set the User and Password you wish to use to authenticate to the server. If the Database property is not specified, the default database for the authenticate user is used.

Built-in Connection String Designer

For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the Greenplum JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

java -jar cdata.jdbc.greenplum.jar

Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

A connection string for Greenplum will typically look like the following:

jdbc:greenplum:User=user;Password=admin;Database=dbname;Server=127.0.0.1;Port=5432;

Use the configured JDBC URL to obtain an instance of the DAO interface. The particular method shown below will open a handle bound to the instance, so the instance needs to be closed explicitly to release the handle and the bound JDBC connection.

DBI dbi = new DBI("jdbc:greenplum:User=user;Password=admin;Database=dbname;Server=127.0.0.1;Port=5432;"); MyOrdersDAO dao = dbi.open(MyOrdersDAO.class); //do stuff with the DAO dao.close();

Read Greenplum Data

With the connection open to Greenplum, simply call the previously defined method to retrieve data from the Orders entity in Greenplum.

//disply the result of our 'find' method String shipName = dao.findShipNameByShipCountry("USA"); System.out.println(shipName);

Write Greenplum Data

It is also simple to write data to Greenplum, using the previously defined method.

//add a new entry to the Orders entity dao.insert(newShipCountry, newShipName);

Since the JDBI library is able to work with JDBC connections, you can easily produce a SQL Object API for Greenplum by integrating with the CData JDBC Driver for Greenplum. Download a free trial and work with live Greenplum data in custom Java applications today.