Replicate Google Sheets Data from PowerShell

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Google Sheets ODBC Driver

The Google Sheets ODBC Driver is a powerful tool that allows you to connect with live data from live Google Spreadsheets, directly from any applications that support ODBC connectivity.

Read, write, and update online sheets through a standard ODBC interface.



Write a quick PowerShell script to query Google Sheets data. Use connectivity to the live data to replicate Google Sheets data to SQL Server.



The CData ODBC Driver for Google Sheets enables out-of-the-box integration with Microsoft's built-in support for ODBC. The ODBC driver instantly integrates connectivity to the real Google Sheets data with PowerShell.

You can use the .NET Framework Provider for ODBC built into PowerShell to quickly automate integration tasks like replicating Google Sheets data to other databases. This article shows how to replicate Google Sheets data to SQL Server in 5 lines of code.

You can also write PowerShell code to execute create, read, update, and delete (CRUD) operations. See the examples below.

Create an ODBC Data Source for Google Sheets

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs.

You can connect to a spreadsheet by providing authentication to Google and then setting the Spreadsheet connection property to the name or feed link of the spreadsheet. If you want to view a list of information about the spreadsheets in your Google Drive, execute a query to the Spreadsheets view after you authenticate.

ClientLogin (username/password authentication) has been officially deprecated since April 20, 2012 and is now no longer available. Instead, use the OAuth 2.0 authentication standard. To access Google APIs on behalf on individual users, you can use the embedded credentials or you can register your own OAuth app.

OAuth also enables you to use a service account to connect on behalf of users in a Google Apps domain. To authenticate with a service account, you will need to register an application to obtain the OAuth JWT values.

See the Getting Started chapter in the help documentation to connect to Google Sheets from different types of accounts: Google accounts, Google Apps accounts, and accounts using two-step verification.

Connect to Google Sheets

The code below shows how to use the DSN to initialize the connection to Google Sheets data in PowerShell:

$conn = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcConnection $conn.ConnectionString = "DSN=CData GoogleSheets Source x64"

Back Up Google Sheets Data to SQL Server

After you enable caching, you can use the code below to replicate data to SQL Server.

Set the following connection properties to configure the caching database:

  • CacheProvider: The name of the ADO.NET provider. This can be found in the Machine.config for your version of .NET. For example, to configure SQL Server, enter System.Data.SqlClient.

  • CacheConnection: The connection string of properties required to connect to the database. Below is an example for SQL Server:

    Server=localhost;Database=RSB;User Id=sqltest;Password=sqltest;

The SQL query in the example can be used to refresh the entire cached table, including its schema. Any already existing cache is deleted.

$conn.Open() # Create and execute the SQL Query $SQL = "CACHE DROP EXISTING SELECT * FROM " + $Orders $cmd = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcCommand($sql,$conn) $count = $cmd.ExecuteNonQuery() $conn.Close()

The driver gives you complete control over the caching functionality. See the help documentation for more caching commands and usage examples. See the help documentation for steps to replicate to other databases.

Other Operations

To retrieve Google Sheets data in PowerShell, call the Fill method of the OdbcDataAdapter method. To execute data manipulation commands, initialize the OdbcCommand object and then call ExecuteNonQuery. Below are some more examples CRUD commands to Google Sheets through the .NET Framework Provider for ODBC:

Retrieve Google Sheets Data

$sql="SELECT Shipcountry, OrderPrice from Orders" $da= New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcDataAdapter($sql, $conn) $dt= New-Object System.Data.DataTable $da.Fill($dt) $dt.Rows | foreach { $dt.Columns | foreach ($col in dt{ Write-Host $1[$_] } }

Update Google Sheets Data

$cmd = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcCommand("UPDATE Orders SET ShipCity='Madrid' WHERE Id = @myId", $conn) $cmd.Parameters.Add(new System.Data.Odbc.OdbcParameter("myId","https://spreadsheets.google.com/feeds/list/tv3a8NcMPGTad5D56PRtuVQ/oda/private/full/cokwr") $cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()

Insert Google Sheets Data

$cmd = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcCommand("INSERT INTO Orders SET ShipCity='Madrid' WHERE Id = @myId", $conn) $cmd.Parameters.Add(new System.Data.Odbc.OdbcParameter("myId","https://spreadsheets.google.com/feeds/list/tv3a8NcMPGTad5D56PRtuVQ/oda/private/full/cokwr") $cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()

Delete Google Sheets Data

$cmd = New-Object System.Data.Odbc.OdbcCommand("DELETE FROM Orders WHERE Id = @myid", $conn) $cmd.Parameters.Add(new System.Data.Odbc.OdbcParameter("myId","https://spreadsheets.google.com/feeds/list/tv3a8NcMPGTad5D56PRtuVQ/oda/private/full/cokwr") $cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()