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Extract, Transform, and Load Hive Data in Python

The CData Python Connector for Hive enables you to create ETL applications and pipelines for Hive data in Python with petl.

The rich ecosystem of Python modules lets you get to work quickly and integrate your systems more effectively. With the CData Python Connector for Hive and the petl framework, you can build Hive-connected applications and pipelines for extracting, transforming, and loading Hive data. This article shows how to connect to Hive with the CData Python Connector and use petl and pandas to extract, transform, and load Hive data.

With built-in, optimized data processing, the CData Python Connector offers unmatched performance for interacting with live Hive data in Python. When you issue complex SQL queries from Hive, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Hive and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations).

Connecting to Hive Data

Connecting to Hive data looks just like connecting to any relational data source. Create a connection string using the required connection properties. For this article, you will pass the connection string as a parameter to the create_engine function.

Set the Server, Port, TransportMode, and AuthScheme connection properties to connect to Hive.

After installing the CData Hive Connector, follow the procedure below to install the other required modules and start accessing Hive through Python objects.

Install Required Modules

Use the pip utility to install the required modules and frameworks:

pip install petl
pip install pandas

Build an ETL App for Hive Data in Python

Once the required modules and frameworks are installed, we are ready to build our ETL app. Code snippets follow, but the full source code is available at the end of the article.

First, be sure to import the modules (including the CData Connector) with the following:

import petl as etl
import pandas as pd
import cdata.apachehive as mod

You can now connect with a connection string. Use the connect function for the CData Hive Connector to create a connection for working with Hive data.

cnxn = mod.connect("Server=127.0.0.1;Port=10000;TransportMode=BINARY;")

Create a SQL Statement to Query Hive

Use SQL to create a statement for querying Hive. In this article, we read data from the Customers entity.

sql = "SELECT City, CompanyName FROM Customers WHERE Country = 'US'"

Extract, Transform, and Load the Hive Data

With the query results stored in a DataFrame, we can use petl to extract, transform, and load the Hive data. In this example, we extract Hive data, sort the data by the CompanyName column, and load the data into a CSV file.

Loading Hive Data into a CSV File

table1 = etl.fromdb(cnxn,sql)

table2 = etl.sort(table1,'CompanyName')

etl.tocsv(table2,'customers_data.csv')

In the following example, we add new rows to the Customers table.

Adding New Rows to Hive

table1 = [ ['City','CompanyName'], ['NewCity1','NewCompanyName1'], ['NewCity2','NewCompanyName2'], ['NewCity3','NewCompanyName3'] ]

etl.appenddb(table1, cnxn, 'Customers')

With the CData Python Connector for Hive, you can work with Hive data just like you would with any database, including direct access to data in ETL packages like petl.

Free Trial & More Information

Download a free, 30-day trial of the Hive Python Connector to start building Python apps and scripts with connectivity to Hive data. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.



Full Source Code


import petl as etl
import pandas as pd
import cdata.apachehive as mod

cnxn = mod.connect("Server=127.0.0.1;Port=10000;TransportMode=BINARY;")

sql = "SELECT City, CompanyName FROM Customers WHERE Country = 'US'"

table1 = etl.fromdb(cnxn,sql)

table2 = etl.sort(table1,'CompanyName')

etl.tocsv(table2,'customers_data.csv')

table3 = [ ['City','CompanyName'], ['NewCity1','NewCompanyName1'], ['NewCity2','NewCompanyName2'], ['NewCity3','NewCompanyName3'] ]

etl.appenddb(table3, cnxn, 'Customers')