Ready to get started?

Learn more about the CData Python Connector for Impala or download a free trial:

Download Now

Use pandas to Visualize Impala Data in Python

The CData Python Connector for Impala enables you use pandas and other modules to analyze and visualize live Impala data in Python.

The rich ecosystem of Python modules lets you get to work quickly and integrate your systems more effectively. With the CData Python Connector for Impala, the pandas & Matplotlib modules, and the SQLAlchemy toolkit, you can build Impala-connected Python applications and scripts for visualizing Impala data. This article shows how to use the pandas, SQLAlchemy, and Matplotlib built-in functions to connect to Impala data, execute queries, and visualize the results.

With built-in optimized data processing, the CData Python Connector offers unmatched performance for interacting with live Impala data in Python. When you issue complex SQL queries from Impala, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Impala and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations client-side (often SQL functions and JOIN operations).

Connecting to Impala Data

Connecting to Impala data looks just like connecting to any relational data source. Create a connection string using the required connection properties. For this article, you will pass the connection string as a parameter to the create_engine function.

In order to connect to Apache Impala, set the Server, Port, and ProtocolVersion. You may optionally specify a default Database. To connect using alternative methods, such as NOSASL, LDAP, or Kerberos, refer to the online Help documentation.

Follow the procedure below to install the required modules and start accessing Impala through Python objects.

Install Required Modules

Use the pip utility to install the pandas & Matplotlib modules and the SQLAlchemy toolkit:

pip install pandas
pip install matplotlib
pip install sqlalchemy

Be sure to import the module with the following:

import pandas
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sqlalchemy import create_engine

Visualize Impala Data in Python

You can now connect with a connection string. Use the create_engine function to create an Engine for working with Impala data.

engine = create_engine("apacheimpala:///?Server=127.0.0.1&Port=21050")

Execute SQL to Impala

Use the read_sql function from pandas to execute any SQL statement and store the resultset in a DataFrame.

df = pandas.read_sql("SELECT City, CompanyName FROM Customers WHERE Country = 'US'", engine)

Visualize Impala Data

With the query results stored in a DataFrame, use the plot function to build a chart to display the Impala data. The show method displays the chart in a new window.

df.plot(kind="bar", x="City", y="CompanyName")
plt.show()

Free Trial & More Information

Download a free, 30-day trial of the Impala Python Connector to start building Python apps and scripts with connectivity to Impala data. Reach out to our Support Team if you have any questions.



Full Source Code

import pandas
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sqlalchemy import create_engin

engine = create_engine("apacheimpala:///?Server=127.0.0.1&Port=21050")
df = pandas.read_sql("SELECT City, CompanyName FROM Customers WHERE Country = 'US'", engine)

df.plot(kind="bar", x="City", y="CompanyName")
plt.show()