Ready to get started?

Learn more about the CData ODBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway or download a free trial:

Download Now

Connect to SAP Netweaver Gateway Data as a Federated Tables in MySQL

Use the SQL Gateway and the ODBC Driver to set up federated tables for SAP Netweaver Gateway data in MySQL .

You can use the SQL Gateway to configure a MySQL remoting service and set up federated tables for SAP Netweaver Gateway data. The service is a daemon process that provides a MySQL interface to the CData ODBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway: After you have started the service, you can create a server and tables using the FEDERATED Storage Engine in MySQL. You can then work with SAP Netweaver Gateway data just as you would local MySQL tables.

Connect to SAP Netweaver Gateway Data

If you have not already done so, provide values for the required connection properties in the data source name (DSN). You can use the built-in Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to configure the DSN. This is also the last step of the driver installation. See the "Getting Started" chapter in the help documentation for a guide to using the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure a DSN.

SAP Gateway allows both basic and OAuth 2.0 authentication. You can use basic authentication to connect to your own account, or you can use OAuth to enable other users to retrieve data from your service with their accounts. In addition to authenticating, set the following connection properties to access SAP Gateway tables.

  • Url: Set this to the URL of your environment, or to the full URL of the service. For example, the full URL might appear as: https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com/sap/opu/odata/IWBEP/GWSAMPLE_BASIC/. In this example, the environment URL would just be: https://sapes5.sapdevcenter.com.
  • Namespace: Set the appropriate Service Namespace. In the example above, IWBEP is the namespace. It is optional if the full URL to the service is specified.
  • Service: Set this to the service you want to retrieve data from. In the example above, the service is GWSAMPLE_BASIC. It is not required if the full URL is specified.

Authenticate via Basic Authentication

In basic authentication, you use your login credentials to connect. Set the following properties:

  • User: This is the username you use to log in to SAP Gateway.
  • Password: This is the password you use to log in to SAP Gateway.

Authenticate via OAuth Authentication

You can connect to SAP Gateway using the embedded OAuth connectivity (without setting any additional authentication connection properties). When you connect, the OAuth endpoint opens in your browser. Log in and grant permissions to complete the OAuth process. See the OAuth section in the online Help documentation for more information on other OAuth authentication flows.

Configure the SQL Gateway

See the SQL Gateway Overview to set up connectivity to SAP Netweaver Gateway data as a virtual MySQL database. You will configure a MySQL remoting service that listens for MySQL requests from clients. The service can be configured in the SQL Gateway UI.

Create a FEDERATED Server and Tables for SAP Netweaver Gateway Data

After you have configured and started the service, create a FEDERATED server to simplify the process of creating FEDERATED tables:

Create a FEDERATED Server

The following statement will create a FEDERATED server based on the ODBC Driver for SAP Netweaver Gateway. Note that the username and password of the FEDERATED server must match a user account you defined on the Users tab of the SQL Gateway.

CREATE SERVER fedSAPGateway
FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER mysql
OPTIONS (USER 'sql_gateway_user', PASSWORD 'sql_gateway_passwd', HOST 'sql_gateway_host', PORT ####, DATABASE 'CData SAPGateway Sys');

Create a FEDERATED Table

To create a FEDERATED table using our newly created server, use the CONNECTION keyword and pass the name of the FEDERATED server and the remote table (SalesOrderLineItems). Refer to the following template for the statement to create a FEDERATED table:

CREATE TABLE fed_salesorderlineitems (
  ...,
  productid  TYPE(LEN),
  quantity  TYPE(LEN),
  ...,
)
ENGINE=FEDERATED
DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1
CONNECTION='fedSAPGateway/salesorderlineitems';

NOTE: The table schema for the FEDERATED table must match the remote table schema exactly. You can always connect directly to the MySQL remoting service using any MySQL client and run a SHOW CREATE TABLE query to get the table schema.

Execute Queries

You can now execute queries to the SAP Netweaver Gateway FEDERATED tables from any tool that can connect to MySQL, which is particularly useful if you need to JOIN data from a local table with data from SAP Netweaver Gateway. Refer to the following example:

SELECT 
  fed_salesorderlineitems.productid, 
  local_table.custom_field 
FROM 
  local_table 
JOIN 
  fed_salesorderlineitems 
ON 
  local_table.foreign_productid = fed_salesorderlineitems.productid;