Connect to Avro as an External Data Source using PolyBase

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Avro ODBC Driver

The Avro ODBC Driver is a powerful tool that allows you to connect with live data from Avro, directly from any applications that support ODBC connectivity.

Access Avro data like you would a database - read, write, and update through a standard ODBC Driver interface.



Use the CData ODBC Driver for Avro and PolyBase to create an external data source in SQL Server 2019 with access to live Avro data.

PolyBase for SQL Server allows you to query external data by using the same Transact-SQL syntax used to query a database table. When paired with the CData ODBC Driver for Avro, you get access to your Avro data directly alongside your SQL Server data. This article walks through creating an external data source and external tables to grant access to live Avro data using T-SQL queries.

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live Avro data using PolyBase due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from SQL Server to Avro, the driver pushes down supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Avro and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. And with PolyBase, you can also join SQL Server data with Avro data, using a single query to pull data from distributed sources.

Connect to Avro

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs. To create an external data source in SQL Server using PolyBase, configure a System DSN (CData Avro Sys is created automatically).

Connect to your local Avro file(s) by setting the URI connection property to the location of the Avro file.

Click "Test Connection" to ensure that the DSN is connected to Avro properly. Navigate to the Tables tab to review the table definitions for Avro.

Create an External Data Source for Avro Data

After configuring the connection, you need to create a master encryption key and a credential database for the external data source.

Creating a Master Encryption Key

Execute the following SQL command to create a new master key, 'ENCRYPTION,' to encrypt the credentials for the external data source.

CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'password';

Creating a Credential Database

Execute the following SQL command to create credentials for the external data source connected to Avro data.

NOTE: Since Avro does not require a User or Password to authenticate, you may use whatever values you wish for IDENTITY and SECRET.

CREATE DATABASE SCOPED CREDENTIAL avro_creds
WITH IDENTITY = 'username', SECRET = 'password';

Create an External Data Source for Avro

Execute the following SQL command to create an external data source for Avro with PolyBase, using the DSN and credentials configured earlier.

For Avro, set SERVERNAME to 'localhost' or '127.0.0.1' and leave PORT empty. PUSHDOWN is set to ON by default, meaning the ODBC Driver can leverage server-side processing for complex queries.

CREATE EXTERNAL DATA SOURCE cdata_avro_source
WITH ( 
  LOCATION = 'odbc://SERVERNAME[:PORT]',
  CONNECTION_OPTIONS = 'DSN=CData Avro Sys',
  -- PUSHDOWN = ON | OFF,
  CREDENTIAL = avro_creds
);

Create External Tables for Avro

After creating the external data source, use CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE statements to link to Avro data from your SQL Server instance. The table column definitions must match those exposed by the CData ODBC Driver for Avro. You can refer to the Tables tab of the DSN Configuration Wizard to see the table definition.

Sample CREATE TABLE Statement

The statement to create an external table based on a Avro SampleTable_1 would look similar to the following:

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE SampleTable_1(
  Id [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  Column1 [nvarchar](255) NULL,
  ...
) WITH ( 
  LOCATION='SampleTable_1',
  DATA_SOURCE=cdata_avro_source
);

Having created external tables for Avro in your SQL Server instance, you are now able to query local and remote data simultaneously. Thanks to built-in query processing in the CData ODBC Driver, you know that as much query processing as possible is being pushed to Avro, freeing up local resources and computing power. Download a free, 30-day trial of the ODBC Driver for Avro and start working with live Avro data alongside your SQL Server data today.