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Access YouTube Analytics Data with Entity Framework 6

This article shows how to access YouTube Analytics data using an Entity Framework code-first approach. Entity Framework 6 is available in .NET 4.5 and above.

Entity Framework is an object-relational mapping framework that can be used to work with data as objects. While you can run the ADO.NET Entity Data Model wizard in Visual Studio to handle generating the Entity Model, this approach, the model-first approach, can put you at a disadvantage if there are changes in your data source or if you want more control over how the entities operate. In this article you will complete the code-first approach to accessing YouTube Analytics data using the CData ADO.NET Provider.

  1. Open Visual Studio and create a new Windows Form Application. This article uses a C# project with .NET 4.5.
  2. Run the command 'Install-Package EntityFramework' in the Package Manger Console in Visual Studio to install the latest release of Entity Framework.
  3. Modify the App.config file in the project to add a reference to the YouTube Analytics Entity Framework 6 assembly and the connection string.

    YouTube Analytics uses the OAuth authentication standard. You can use the embedded CData OAuth credentials or you can register an application with Google to obtain your own.

    In addition to the OAuth values, to access YouTube Analytics data set ChannelId to the Id of a YouTube channel. You can obtain the channel Id in the advanced account settings for your channel. If not specified, the channel of the currently authenticated user will be used.

    If you want to generate content owner reports, specify the ContentOwnerId property. This is the Id of the copyright holder for content in YouTube's rights management system. The content owner is the person or organization that claims videos and sets their monetization policy.

    <configuration> ... <connectionStrings> <add name="YouTubeAnalyticsContext" connectionString="Offline=False;ContentOwnerId=MyContentOwnerId;ChannelId=MyChannelId;InitiateOAuth=GETANDREFRESH" providerName="System.Data.CData.YouTubeAnalytics" /> </connectionStrings> <entityFramework> <providers> ... <provider invariantName="System.Data.CData.YouTubeAnalytics" type="System.Data.CData.YouTubeAnalytics.YouTubeAnalyticsProviderServices, System.Data.CData.YouTubeAnalytics.Entities.EF6" /> </providers> <entityFramework> </configuration> </code>
  4. Add a reference to System.Data.CData.YouTubeAnalytics.Entities.EF6.dll, located in the lib -> 4.0 subfolder in the installation directory.
  5. Build the project at this point to ensure everything is working correctly. Once that's done, you can start coding using Entity Framework.
  6. Add a new .cs file to the project and add a class to it. This will be your database context, and it will extend the DbContext class. In the example, this class is named YouTubeAnalyticsContext. The following code example overrides the OnModelCreating method to make the following changes:
    • Remove PluralizingTableNameConvention from the ModelBuilder Conventions.
    • Remove requests to the MigrationHistory table.
    using System.Data.Entity; using System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure; using System.Data.Entity.ModelConfiguration.Conventions; class YouTubeAnalyticsContext : DbContext { public YouTubeAnalyticsContext() { } protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder) { // To remove the requests to the Migration History table Database.SetInitializer<YouTubeAnalyticsContext>(null); // To remove the plural names modelBuilder.Conventions.Remove<PluralizingTableNameConvention>(); } }
  7. Create another .cs file and name it after the YouTube Analytics entity you are retrieving, for example, Groups. In this file, define both the Entity and the Entity Configuration, which will resemble the example below: using System.Data.Entity.ModelConfiguration; using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.Schema; [System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.Schema.Table("Groups")] public class Groups { [System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.Key] public System.String Snippet_Title { get; set; } public System.String ContentDetails_ItemCount { get; set; } }
  8. Now that you have created an entity, add the entity to your context class: public DbSet<Groups> Groups { set; get; }
  9. With the context and entity finished, you are now ready to query the data in a separate class. For example: YouTubeAnalyticsContext context = new YouTubeAnalyticsContext(); context.Configuration.UseDatabaseNullSemantics = true; var query = from line in context.Groups select line;