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ETL CSV in Oracle Data Integrator

This article shows how to transfer CSV data into a data warehouse using Oracle Data Integrator.

Leverage existing skills by using the JDBC standard to connect to CSV: Through drop-in integration into ETL tools like Oracle Data Integrator (ODI), the CData JDBC Driver for CSV connects real-time CSV data to your data warehouse, business intelligence, and Big Data technologies.

JDBC connectivity enables you to work with CSV just as you would any other database in ODI. As with an RDBMS, you can use the driver to connect directly to the CSV APIs in real time instead of working with flat files.

This article walks through a JDBC-based ETL -- CSV to Oracle. After reverse engineering a data model of CSV entities, you will create a mapping and select a data loading strategy -- since the driver supports SQL-92, this last step can easily be accomplished by selecting the built-in SQL to SQL Loading Knowledge Module.

Install the Driver

To install the driver, copy the driver JAR and .lic file, located in the installation folder, into the ODI userlib directory:

On Unix: ~/.odi/oracledi/userlib On Windows: %APPDATA%\Roaming\odi\oracledi\userlib

Restart ODI to complete the installation.

Reverse Engineer a Model

Reverse engineering the model retrieves metadata about the driver's relational view of CSV data. After reverse engineering, you can query real-time CSV data and create mappings based on CSV tables.

  1. In ODI, connect to your repository and click New -> Model and Topology Objects.
  2. On the Model screen of the resulting dialog, enter the following information:
    • Name: Enter CSV.
    • Technology: Select Generic SQL (for ODI Version 12.2+, select Microsoft SQL Server).
    • Logical Schema: Enter CSV.
    • Context: Select Global.
  3. On the Data Server screen of the resulting dialog, enter the following information:
    • Name: Enter CSV.
    • Driver List: Select Oracle JDBC Driver.
    • Driver: Enter cdata.jdbc.csv.CSVDriver
    • URL: Enter the JDBC URL containing the connection string.

      The DataSource property must be set to a valid local folder name.

      Also, specify the IncludeFiles property to work with text files having extensions that differ from .csv, .tab, or .txt. Specify multiple file extensions in a comma-separated list. You can also set Extended Properties compatible with the Microsoft Jet OLE DB 4.0 driver. Alternatively, you can provide the format of text files in a Schema.ini file.

      Set UseRowNumbers to true if you are deleting or updating in CSV. This will create a new column with the name RowNumber which will be used as key for that table.

      Built-in Connection String Designer

      For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the CSV JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

      java -jar cdata.jdbc.csv.jar

      Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

      Below is a typical connection string:

      jdbc:csv:DataSource=MyCSVFilesFolder;
  4. On the Physical Schema screen, enter the following information:
    • Schema (Schema): Enter CSV.
    • Schema (Work Schema): Enter CSV.
  5. In the opened model click Reverse Engineer to retrieve the metadata for CSV tables.

Edit and Save CSV Data

After reverse engineering you can now work with CSV data in ODI. To view CSV data, expand the Models accordion in the Designer navigator, right-click a table, and click View data.

Create an ETL Project

Follow the steps below to create an ETL from CSV. You will load Customer entities into the sample data warehouse included in the ODI Getting Started VM.

  1. Open SQL Developer and connect to your Oracle database. Right-click the node for your database in the Connections pane and click new SQL Worksheet.

    Alternatively you can use SQLPlus. From a command prompt enter the following:

    sqlplus / as sysdba
  2. Enter the following query to create a new target table in the sample data warehouse, which is in the ODI_DEMO schema. The following query defines a few columns that match the Customer table in CSV: CREATE TABLE ODI_DEMO.TRG_CUSTOMER (TOTALDUE NUMBER(20,0),City VARCHAR2(255));
  3. In ODI expand the Models accordion in the Designer navigator and double-click the Sales Administration node in the ODI_DEMO folder. The model is opened in the Model Editor.
  4. Click Reverse Engineer. The TRG_CUSTOMER table is added to the model.
  5. Right-click the Mappings node in your project and click New Mapping. Enter a name for the mapping and clear the Create Empty Dataset option. The Mapping Editor is displayed.
  6. Drag the TRG_CUSTOMER table from the Sales Administration model onto the mapping.
  7. Drag the Customer table from the CSV model onto the mapping.
  8. Click the source connector point and drag to the target connector point. The Attribute Matching dialog is displayed. For this example, use the default options. The target expressions are then displayed in the properties for the target columns.
  9. Open the Physical tab of the Mapping Editor and click CUSTOMER_AP in TARGET_GROUP.
  10. In the CUSTOMER_AP properties, select LKM SQL to SQL (Built-In) on the Loading Knowledge Module tab.

You can then run the mapping to load CSV data into Oracle.