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Connect to Gmail Data in Squirrel SQL Client

Connect to Gmail data and execute queries in the Squirrel SQL Client.

The CData JDBC Driver for Gmail enables you to execute queries to Gmail data in tools like Squirrel SQL Client. In this article, you will create a JDBC data source for Gmail data and execute queries.

Add the JDBC Driver for Gmail

Follow the steps below to add the driver JAR.

  1. In Squirrel SQL, click Windows -> View Drivers.
  2. Click the plus icon to open the Add Driver wizard.
  3. In the Name box, enter a user-friendly name for the driver; for example, CData JDBC Driver for Gmail.
  4. In the Example URL box, enter jdbc:gmail:
  5. In the Extra Class Path tab, click Add.
  6. In the file explorer dialog that opens, select the JAR file for the driver, located in the lib subfolder of the installation directory.
  7. Click List Drivers to populate the Class Name menu with the class name for the driver, cdata.jdbc.gmail.GmailDriver.

Define Connection Properties

Follow the steps below to save connection properties in the driver alias.

  1. Click Windows -> View Aliases.
  2. In the pane that lists the aliases, click the plus icon.
  3. In the Add Alias wizard that opens, the following fields are required for the JDBC driver:

    • Name: Enter a name for the alias; for example, CData Gmail Source.
    • Driver: Select the CData JDBC Driver for Gmail.
    • URL: Enter jdbc:gmail:
    • User Name: Enter the username, which is added to the JDBC URL.
    • Password: Enter the password, which is added to the JDBC URL.
  4. If you want to define any additional properties, click Properties.
  5. In the Driver properties tab of the dialog that appears, select the Use driver properties checkbox.
  6. In the Specify column, select the checkboxes for the required connection properties.

    There are two ways to authenticate to Gmail. Before selecting one, first ensure that you have enabled IMAP access in your Gmail account settings. See the "Connecting to Gmail" section under "Getting Started" in the installed documentation for a guide.

    The User and Password properties, under the Authentication section, can be set to valid Gmail user credentials.

    Alternatively, instead of providing the Password, you can use the OAuth authentication standard. To access Google APIs on behalf on individual users, you can use the embedded credentials or you can register your own OAuth app.

    OAuth also enables you to use a service account to connect on behalf of users in a Google Apps domain. To authenticate with a service account, you will need to register an application to obtain the OAuth JWT values.

    In addition to the OAuth values, you will need to provide the User. See the "Getting Started" chapter in the help documentation for a guide to using OAuth.

    Below is a typical connection string:

    jdbc:gmail:User=username;Password=password;
  7. In the dialog that appears after you click OK, click connect to test the connection.

Discover Schemas and Query Gmail Data

After the metadata has loaded, a new tab for the Gmail data source is displayed. On the Objects subtab, you can discover schema information, such as the available tables and views.

To view table data, select the table on the Objects tab. The table data is then loaded in a grid on the Content tab.

To execute an SQL query, enter the query on the SQL tab and then click Run SQL (the runner icon). For example:

SELECT Subject, Size FROM Inbox