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Consume Google Sheets OData Feeds in SAP Lumira

Use the API Server to create data visualizations on Google Sheets feeds that reflect any changes in SAP Lumira.

You can use the CData API Server and the ADO.NET Provider for Google Sheets (or any of 200+ other ADO.NET Providers) to create data visualizations based on Google Sheets data in SAP Lumira. The API Server enables connectivity to live data: dashboards and reports can be refreshed on demand. This article shows how to create a chart that is always up to date.

Set Up the API Server

Follow the steps below to begin producing secure Google Sheets OData services:

Deploy

The API Server runs on your own server. On Windows, you can deploy using the stand-alone server or IIS. On a Java servlet container, drop in the API Server WAR file. See the help documentation for more information and how-tos.

The API Server is also easy to deploy on Microsoft Azure, Amazon EC2, and Heroku.

Connect to Google Sheets

After you deploy the API Server and the ADO.NET Provider for Google Sheets, provide authentication values and other connection properties needed to connect to Google Sheets by clicking Settings -> Connection and adding a new connection in the API Server administration console.

You can connect to a spreadsheet by providing authentication to Google and then setting the Spreadsheet connection property to the name or feed link of the spreadsheet. If you want to view a list of information about the spreadsheets in your Google Drive, execute a query to the Spreadsheets view after you authenticate.

ClientLogin (username/password authentication) has been officially deprecated since April 20, 2012 and is now no longer available. Instead, use the OAuth 2.0 authentication standard. To access Google APIs on behalf on individual users, you can use the embedded credentials or you can register your own OAuth app.

OAuth also enables you to use a service account to connect on behalf of users in a Google Apps domain. To authenticate with a service account, you will need to register an application to obtain the OAuth JWT values.

See the Getting Started chapter in the help documentation to connect to Google Sheets from different types of accounts: Google accounts, Google Apps accounts, and accounts using two-step verification.

When you configure the connection, you may also want to set the Max Rows connection property. This will limit the number of rows returned, which is especially helpful for improving performance when designing reports and visualizations.

You can then choose the Google Sheets entities you want to allow the API Server access to by clicking Settings -> Resources.

Authorize API Server Users

After determining the OData services you want to produce, authorize users by clicking Settings -> Users. The API Server uses authtoken-based authentication and supports the major authentication schemes. Access can also be restricted based on IP address; by default, only connections to the local machine are allowed. You can authenticate as well as encrypt connections with SSL.

Connect to Google Sheets from SAP Lumira

Follow the steps below to retrieve Google Sheets data into SAP Lumira. You can execute an SQL query or use the UI.

  1. In SAP Lumira, click File -> New -> Query with SQL. The Add New Dataset dialog is displayed.
  2. Expand the Generic section and click the Generic OData 2.0 Connector option.
  3. In the Service Root URI box, enter the OData endpoint of the API Server. This URL will resemble the following: https://your-server:8032/api.rsc
  4. In the User Name and Password boxes, enter the username and authtoken of an API user. These credentials will be used in HTTP Basic authentication.
  5. Select entities in the tree or enter an SQL query. This article imports Google Sheets Orders entities.

  6. When you click Connect, SAP Lumira will generate the corresponding OData request and load the results into memory. You can then use any of the data processing tools available in SAP Lumira, such as filters, aggregates, and summary functions.

Create Data Visualizations

After you have imported the data, you can create data visualizations in the Visualize room. Follow the steps below to create a basic chart.

  1. In the Measures and Dimensions pane, drag measures and dimensions onto the x-axis and y-axis fields in the Visualization Tools pane. SAP Lumira automatically detects dimensions and measures from the metadata service of the API Server.

    By default, the SUM function is applied to all measures. Click the gear icon next to a measure to change the default summary.

  2. In the Visualization Tools pane, select the chart type.
  3. In the Chart Canvas pane, apply filters, sort by measures, add rankings, and update the chart with the current Google Sheets data.