Provide OData Services of SAP BusinessObjects BI Data from a WCF Application

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SAP BusinessObjects BI ADO.NET Provider

Rapidly create and deploy powerful .NET applications that integrate with SAP BusinessObjects BI.



This article shows how to publish an OData feed of SAP BusinessObjects BI data by creating a WCF Service Application.

The CData ADO.NET Provider for SAP BusinessObjects BI enables you to use the Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) framework to rapidly develop service-oriented applications that provide SAP BusinessObjects BI data to OData consumers. This article shows how to create an entity data model to provide the underlying connectivity to the SAP BusinessObjects BI data, as well as how to create a WCF Data Service to expose the OData service. You can then consume the feed with any OData client, for example, Power Pivot or an application that uses the CData ADO.NET Provider for OData.

Create the OData Service

Follow the steps below to create a WCF service application that will provide connectivity to SAP BusinessObjects BI data via OData.

  1. Open Visual Studio and create a new project. Select the WCF Service Application template.
  2. Delete the autogenerated IService.cs and Service1.svc.
  3. Install Entity Framework 6:

    Use the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio to install the latest version of Entity Framework. Run the following command to download and install Entity Framework automatically: Install-Package EntityFramework

  4. Register the Entity Framework provider:
    1. Add the following provider entry in the "providers" section of your App.config or Web.config file. This section should already exist if the Entity Framework installation was successful. <configuration> ... <entityFramework> <providers> ... <provider invariantName="System.Data.CData.SAPBusinessObjectsBI" type="System.Data.CData.SAPBusinessObjectsBI.SAPBusinessObjectsBIProviderServices, System.Data.CData.SAPBusinessObjectsBI.Entities.EF6" /> </providers> </entityFramework> </configuration>
    2. Add a reference to System.Data.CData.SAPBusinessObjectsBI.Entities.dll, located in lib/4.0 in the installation directory.
    3. Build the project to complete the setup for using EF6.
  5. Click Project -> Add New Item -> ADO.NET Entity Data Model.
  6. In the Entity Data Model wizard that is displayed, select the 'EF Designer from Database' option.
  7. In the resulting Choose Your Connection dialog, click New Connection.
  8. In the Connection properties dialog, select the CData SAP BusinessObjects BI Data Source and enter the necessary credentials.

    A typical connection string is below:

    User=username;Password=password;Url=http://myinstance:6405/biprws

    To connect to your SAP Business Objects BI instance, you must set the following connection properties:

    • Url: set this to the rest API URL. After logging into the Central Management Console, choose 'Applications' from the combo box. Double-click on 'RESTful Web Service' and you'll see the access URL. By default it is, http://{Server-Name}:6405/biprws.
    • User: set this to the username of your instance.
    • Password: set this to the password of your instance.

  9. Select SAP BusinessObjects BI tables and views that you want OData clients to access.
  10. Click Project -> Add New Item -> WCF Data Service.
  11. Specify the data source class and configure access to the new WCF Data Service. In the example below, the Access Rule for the entities is set to All. This means that any user will be able to read and modify data.

    using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Data.Services; using System.Data.Services.Common; using System.Linq; using System.ServiceModel.Web; using System.Web; namespace SAPBusinessObjectsBIService{ public class SAPBusinessObjectsBIDataService : DataService<SAPBusinessObjectsBIEntities> { public static void InitializeService(DataServiceConfiguration config) { config.SetEntitySetAccessRule("*", EntitySetRights.All); config.DataServiceBehavior.MaxProtocolVersion = DataServiceProtocolVersion.V3; } } }
  12. Run the project. Applications that support OData can now access the Salesforce data and reflect any changes. You can access the feed in your browser. The feed will resemble the following:

Consume the OData Service from Power Pivot

You can now use the service from any OData client; for example, Excel Power Pivot.

  1. Open Excel and click on the Power Pivot Window button.
  2. A new pop-up will appear. Select the option From Data Feeds.
  3. In the resulting Table Import Wizard, enter the OData URL. For example, http://localhost:12449/SAPBusinessObjectsBIDataService.svc/.
  4. After connecting to the OData service, click the Next button at the bottom of the window.
  5. A table listing of the available tables will appear in the next window of the wizard. Select which tables you want to import and click Finish.
  6. Click Close to import the data in Power Pivot.